Obesity is a condition in which your body stores excess fat, which on the one hand worsens a person’s quality of life and affects him for many health problems such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and shortness of breath. Problems, and physical aches, and even osteoporosis, and depression, are some of the conditions he manifests.
According to the World Health Organization, obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide and is affecting women’s reproductive health. According to the site Only my health
It affects Obesity in women’s reproductive health?
Obesity is usually measured according to body mass index (BMI). It is the ratio of a person’s weight (in kilograms) to height (in square meters), with a normal BMI between 18.5 and 24.9, according to studies that show that women with a BMI above 29 are less likely to become pregnant, and studies show that they are less likely to conceive. In particular:
BMI 30 and above: Obesity
BMI 40 and above: Obesity
It is clear that obesity can be detrimental to a woman’s fertility:
Obesity causes hormonal imbalances that affect ovulation. This happens because when you are obese, your body accumulates more fat. These fat stores secrete the female sex hormone estrogen. Your body confuses excess estrogen with pregnancy and stops ovulation
Weight gain or loss can have both positive and negative effects on your menstrual cycle, for example, making your menstrual cycle irregular and vice versa. Depending on where you started and how much weight you gained or lost.
Increase the chances of miscarriage
Women who are overweight are 29% more likely to have a miscarriage than women with a normal BMI. The risk for obese women is 73%.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Obesity is closely related to PCOS, which affects the reproductive health of women. PCOS is characterized by irregular menstruation, excessive secretion of male sex hormones, excessive facial hair growth, weight gain and infertility.
What to do to lose weight
Healthy weight is essential for a healthy pregnancy. Reducing your BMI by 1 to 2 points will make a difference. What you need to do:
Talk to your doctor: About a weight loss plan that fits your body and pregnancy goals.
Lose weight before planning to become pregnant: If you are overweight or obese, lose weight before planning to become pregnant. Weight loss of 10-15% will improve fertility and increase the chances of getting pregnant without any medication or treatment.
Eat a balanced diet: Prepare your diet with enough vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and other nutrients. Avoid foods high in fat and sugar. Eat enough leafy greens, salads and high quality protein.
Consult a Fertility Specialist: Access your health and chances of conceiving.
Check your spouse’s health: Obesity can affect not only your health but also your spouse’s fertility. This can reduce the quality and quantity of her sperm and affect the pregnancy. Therefore, her health is just as important as your health when trying to conceive.