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Economic violence exacerbates women’s reproductive health problems



Economic violence exacerbates women’s reproductive health problems

Life (pseudonym), a 27-year-old married mother of four, says: “I had 4 miscarriages because I didn’t want to have any more children. Poverty, hunger and lots of leftovers!” I cannot feed my children; My husband is not working since Corona, he is sitting at home.

I worked as an escort for students on the school bus from 6 am to 3 pm. The monthly fee was 200 dinars, my husband took 100 dinars from them and we lived with the rest. Last time I had an abortion, “bleeding was my trick.”

I went to the (government) health center and he prescribed me medicine and vitamins and he asked me for tests. I could not do them because I had no money even though the amount was not huge. Apparently, “my children’s bread is more important” because my husband refuses to treat me or help with household expenses, telling me to “take care of yourself.”

I got tired again and stopped working with students, the school owners offered my services, I returned home due to a problem with my husband and a blow, I was anemic and my blood ratio was eight, my. Zero iron balance, a constant headache, dizziness and fatigue.

The health center doctor warned me not to practice treatments, examinations, cleanings, dilations and healings because of constant pain in my back, abdomen and pelvis. He beat me when I was leaving work.

Economic violence (Economic Abuse)

Disposing of women’s economic resources or participating in financial decisions that affect their future and make them completely dependent on others. These include dispossessing her of her property, spending on her basic needs, depriving her of inheritance or ownership, and exposing her to economic exploitation.

Data and numbers.

Survey data released by the Department of Statistics for 2019 shows that women account for one-third of employment opportunities, as the percentage of opportunities created for women reached 35.3% of the total opportunities compared to men. 64.7% for males, and the percentage of female participants in the social security umbrella reached about 28.2% in 2019.

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According to World Bank statistics for 2019, the Jordanian labor market participation rate for women is the fifth lowest in the world, and Jordan ranks 140 out of 142 countries on the Global Index of Women’s Economic Participation.

Organic connection?

Human rights expert, Dr. Nahla Al-Momani affirmed that there is a link and organic relationship between women’s economic empowerment and access to appropriate health care. Proper application, development of legislation and effective monitoring are high. Women, especially during pregnancy, childbirth and childbearing, can receive the highest level of necessary health services through their participation. This participation results in economic life as part of its rights.

She pointed out that under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women economic and health empowerment of women is one of the obligations imposed on the state and women have rights to be a part of economic life. They should enjoy health insurance and health care in all cases, including childbirth. All legislative, executive and judicial measures to ensure this.

Exhausting motherhood!

hope (pseudonym), a 30-year-old mother of eight, before I got married, I worked with my family on farms in the Jordan Valley, after marriage I continued to work (without pay), but with more responsibilities I had children, a house, a husband, repeated pregnancies and Childbirth weakened my body in the near term and I was always tired and stressed.

In one delivery, labor became difficult, the fetus died, I had constant pain in the abdomen and back and frequent bleeding. Despite the warnings, my husband refused to stop having children or use contraceptives. The doctor at the health center told me that if I continue to have children in my current situation, I will die.

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After a while I became pregnant and was working in the farms, I felt very tired, but “my husband refused to leave work because he could not provide for the house.” One day, when I was in seventh grade. Month, I fell on the floor and fainted, and I was bleeding profusely.

After the examination, the doctor told about the rupture of the uterus and the loss of the fetus. Two weeks later, I went back to work because our financial situation did not allow it, and I had to help my husband, especially after losing the ability to have children.

Article (59) of the Jordanian Personal Status Law. No. (15) of 2019:

A. Every person’s maintenance is in his money, except the wife, who, though she is well off, spends on her husband.

B. The wife’s maintenance is food, clothing, shelter, medical care to the extent known, and service to the wife who has servants like her.

An unpaid job?

The women’s solidarity organization “Tadamun” Sangha has confirmed that unpaid work is a serious obstacle to wage-earning women and creates economic violence against them.

In an earlier report by “Unity”, the greatest burden of unpaid work, including domestic work and care work, unfairly falls on women, and they compensate for the lack of public spending on social services and infrastructure to support the economy. They actually shift resources from women to others in the economy.

The economic effect?

A study prepared by the High Population Council on Access to Family Planning Information and Services in Jordan in 2021 following the Corona Pandemic showed that (25.4%) women were affected by the pandemic in terms of the impact of the pandemic on reproductive options. (Corona) Regarding the desire to postpone pregnancy, women attributed this change in childbearing preferences to the economic situation due to the desire to get pregnant in space due to the epidemic (28.6%) and the number of desired children (23.6%). for infection (44.2%).

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Maternity protection!

Social security expert, Hamada Abu Najma, said maternity protection is a key factor in achieving gender-based equality at work, while protecting the jobs and wages of working mothers, while reducing poverty and promoting decent work.

Studies of the reality of women’s work indicate that we need to develop a comprehensive system of maternity protection, and this system includes the necessary safeguards to maintain the nutritional and health needs of mothers and their children, she pointed out. Essential to achieving gender equality at work, this includes protecting jobs and wages for working mothers, promoting decent work, reducing poverty and balancing work and family responsibilities.

The United Nations says…

UN Women confirms that only 20.5% of women are in the labor force in the Middle East and North Africa region, and 33% of women in the region participate in vulnerable jobs, compared to 23% for men. Women are overrepresented in low-wage occupations.

The United Nations attributes this to discriminatory legal frameworks, limited access to appropriate training, unpaid and unauthorized care work (high cost of childcare, housework) and poor working conditions, including low wages, often combined with a lack of protection. , social and cultural discrimination rules.

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Scientists are tracking a tree in Brazil that was thought to have died out 185 years ago



Scientists are tracking a tree in Brazil that was thought to have died out 185 years ago

I retired at 100… A centenarian talks about the importance of “being busy at work” to live a long life.

Madeleine Balto recently retired at the age of 100, having worked for more than 80 years – from the age of 18 to 99. According to a CNBC report, Balto believes work has contributed to his longevity.

Balto says of his previous job: “It kept me busy, and I enjoyed the work… As for retirement, I don’t really like it.”

The Balto family started an electric sign manufacturing business in Chicago, with Madeline responsible for office work. She often interacted with customers and it was her favorite job.

She said: “I loved interacting with people… and I was the only one in the office doing all the office work, so it was fun.” “I loved going to work.”

An 85-year-old Harvard University study found that positive relationships make people happier and help them live longer. For this reason, it is not surprising that Balto places a strong emphasis on the importance of family and friends.

Assistant Professor of Medicine and Genetics and Director of Human Lifespan Studies at the Albert Einstein Institute for Aging Research, Dr. Sophia Melman says. College of Medicine.

At 100, Balto maintains his sense of community by going out to dinner with his sons and attending family events. Finally attended a wedding earlier this month.

She also likes going to the Dunkin’ Donuts branch every Sunday with her son to meet friends. “I look forward to it every week,” he says.

Balto affirms that she is lucky; Because she has some friends of the same age who often come to her house for lunch.

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She added: “They always invite me over and come over for lunch on Wednesdays at 12pm… we have fun together… without your friends, where are you, right?”

While maintaining healthy relationships is an important factor in living longer, there are other factors that contributed to Balto’s longevity.

First, Mellman says, “In general, women’s life expectancy is longer than men’s…and we believe that genetics also has a significant relationship with longevity.”

In fact, Balto’s older sister lived to be 103 years old. “But she and I are the only ones who lived over 100 years,” she says, referring to her parents, who died at 84, and her sisters, who didn’t live very long.

I grew up on a vegetarian diet

Aiming to stay active, Balto says, “I’m still getting around better. I can walk up the stairs. I have energy; “so I’m in pretty good shape.”

She also tries to eat as healthy as possible, something that started in her childhood, she explains: “When I was a child, there were seven children in the family, and my father was building a big garden, so we lived mostly. On vegetables. “There wasn’t a lot of meat, we couldn’t afford meat.”

“I think that’s probably why I eat healthier,” she adds. Don’t eat fast food now.

Millman says centenarians are generally more confident, and Balto fits that description. He says it’s unclear whether centenarians are always positive, or whether they develop their positive outlook as they age.

Balto says she doesn’t feel too nervous; Because “everything can be solved.” She continues: “I’m very lucky; As I am 100 years old, I am in good health… I cannot complain about my health. “I’m walking, talking, no pain.”

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Jordanian woman with cancer during pregnancy gives birth in Abu Dhabi



Jordanian woman with cancer during pregnancy gives birth in Abu Dhabi

Despite being diagnosed with colon cancer in the sixth month of pregnancy, a 36-year-old Jordanian woman overcame the difficulties and pains and gave birth to a healthy baby at Abu Dhabi – Burjeel Hospital. Rania Fuad Al-Sheikh suffered from severe abdominal pain throughout her pregnancy and as the weeks went by, her condition worsened and she became bedridden. Rania said: “When I found out I was going to be a mother for the second time, I felt it. Was very happy, but as my pregnancy progressed, I started suffering from severe pain and heaviness. “In my stomach and liver, in the sixth month of pregnancy, I was tired and had no appetite for food. I was transferred to the emergency room at Barjeel Hospital” Rania added: “I thanked God Almighty because we finally knew the cause of the pain and I was not sad because everything that comes from God is good. I wanted my baby to be healthy.”

Dr Muhannat Diab, an oncologist at Burjeel Hospital in Abu Dhabi, said: When Rania first arrived in April, she was unable to move or speak because biopsies revealed an aggressive form of colon cancer called mucinous adenocarcinoma. While the patient was in critical condition, further tests showed that the child’s condition was unstable, and realizing the seriousness of the situation, the hospital’s multidisciplinary team came up with a comprehensive chemotherapy plan. When the patient was 26 weeks pregnant, after three days of chemotherapy, the patient was able to move and was discharged from the hospital a week after the first chemotherapy session. She continued to have weekly medical appointments during which the team monitored her. Until the baby is born. In the 35th week of her pregnancy, Rania completed five rounds of chemotherapy, underwent a caesarean section, and delivered her little boy weighing 2.32 kilograms.

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The social consequences of the Al Hauz earthquake go beyond the economic damage



The social consequences of the Al Hauz earthquake go beyond the economic damage

We read some newspaper articles on Friday and the weekend, starting with “Al-Ilm”, which confirms that the earthquake that hit the Kingdom on September 8 may have social consequences, Ali Al-Shabani, a professor of sociology research. Going beyond economic and material damage, family structures are damaged when a family member dies, especially a parent, whose loss affects children and the family, contributing to the disintegration of the social fabric.

With the same media platform, the Regional Directorate of Equipment, Transport, Logistics and Water in Chichawa has taken several measures that made it possible to record the smooth flow of traffic on the classified and unclassified roads connecting the regional communities. Many areas were damaged by the Al Hauz earthquake.

According to the same newspaper, Tawfiq Al-Qurashi, head of the basic equipment department of the Regional Directorate of Equipment and Water in Chichaoua, noted that the ministry has provided about 23 vehicles, including six from the private sector, in the region. Opened 14 classified and unclassified roads and recorded smooth passage of relief convoys.Rescue teams to affected areas.

“Al-Alm” and several Moroccan economists reported that the cost of reconstruction did not exceed 5 percent of GDP. The Al Houze earthquake, although it was a humanitarian disaster, left scars in the region. And throughout Morocco, it may be an economic opportunity to start a new phase in dealing with the situation. With the rural world, it has been outside the orbits of development for decades.

The same newspaper wrote that Moroccan and foreign engineers and experts call for the preservation of historical and cultural elements in the reconstruction. Aziz Al Hilali, Chairman of the Association of Independent Engineers, said that the most difficult thing in this situation is the successful reconstruction and return to normal life. In the same context, the architects cautioned about the locations of some tents that serve as temporary shelters for residents and that they should not be installed in areas exposed to waterways or landslides.

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Also, to “Bayan al-Youm” published that the primary court in Marrakesh decided to postpone the consideration of the file in which the head of the Harbil Tamansoort group and an employee of the same group were arrested for fraud, participation in it, and forging a document issued by the public administration and using it for bribery until September 25. buying Preparation of defense and review of file documents is ongoing.

The court ruled to deny the defendants provisional release, after the session was concluded, after their side submitted a motion on the matter.

The same newspaper reported that the regional governor of cultural heritage of Beni Mellal-Kenifra region, Mohamed Choukry, said that the historical monuments in Ajilal province were not seriously damaged by the earthquake in Morocco on September 8. Shukri pointed out that the Al Hauz earthquake affected ancient local buildings, stressing that these buildings are known for their architectural characteristics that reflect the identity and history of the Middle High Atlas.

As for the “Socialist Union”, the National Union of Mothers and Fathers of Moroccan Students in Ukraine has written to the government and requested intervention to help the students. The association hopes to intervene through the Moroccan embassy in Ukraine to overcome difficulties and provide the students with the necessary support in their daily affairs, expressing confidence in the good understanding of the relevant ministers and their interest in its issues. sons and daughters.

In the material of the same newspaper, the news of the postponement of the 13th session of the Rachidia Film Festival, the session of director Hisham Al-Azri, which was scheduled to be organized from October 17 to 21, 2023. , as an expression of sympathy and solidarity with the victims and their families.

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