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Energy production from waste and solar cells… Creative initiatives in Yemen



Energy production from waste and solar cells… Creative initiatives in Yemen

Despite years of economic and social exhaustion due to war that has increased in frequency since Houthi fighters took control of the capital, Sanaa, in the summer of 2015, creative models for recycling waste to produce energy have emerged in Yemen.

The war has contributed to the deterioration of one of the poorest countries in the world, erasing two decades of growth gains, as Yemen ranked 153rd out of 189 before the conflict escalated in 2015.

Development indicators declined as the conflict continued, worsening to 183 in 2020.

Yemen suffers from serious environmental degradation, especially the accumulation of waste and its non-treatment, which has negative consequences for the environment and the health of the people, but there are efforts and projects to solve the problem in generating energy and benefit from the waste. Al-Ain News tracks this report.

Before many creative initiatives were launched, approximately 60% of household waste was not disposed of, and most of these piles ended up on streets in cities and in some areas in valley drains.

For example, in Al-Mahra Governorate, waste becomes a hazard when it rains. During the rainy season, flowing streams wash waste away and accumulate in the drains, blocking the flow of water. Farms and houses nearby.

Hodeida project

“I felt positive! This job helped me secure an income to cover the costs of fuel, food and other basic items for my family,” said Omar, 37, who was displaced from his home during the conflict and moved his family. Power in his governorship.

Omar hasn’t had a regular job since his displacement, but the project has changed his life and the money has helped him organize his income and put food on the table for his family.

The city of Hodeidah, like other cities in Yemen, has been affected by the war, including waste disposal and electricity supply, at a time when the city suffers from high levels of unemployment and, worse, the inability to dispose of waste. Safely transmits deadly diseases like dengue fever and malaria.

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Hodeidah produces more than 350 tons of waste per day – or 990 cubic meters – but with the limited capacity of the relevant authorities, they are unable to manage the waste in the city and dispose of half of it.

Without regular and safe ways to dispose of domestic and industrial waste, it piles up and fills the streets, causing severe obstacles that citizens must cross with caution during their daily movements.

In 2020, the United Nations Development Program developed an innovative plan to not only dispose of solid waste in the West Bank city of Hodeidah, but also to use that waste to generate electricity in a country that desperately needs it.

The project will ensure safe and clean energy for the local community and help reduce waste piled up on the streets, which often leads to outbreaks of infectious diseases.

The project addresses three key issues in Hodeidah:

– Creating employment opportunities for the affected people in the city, helping them to survive in a very difficult period and acquire valuable skills.

– Creating bioenergy for the city by reusing solid waste, an environmentally friendly way to generate renewable energy.

– Encouraging local communities, the private sector and governments to accelerate innovative and sustainable livelihood and environmental sustainability solutions.

Lodge station

In September 2021, the United Nations, together with partners, implemented an initiative to establish Yemen’s first waste-to-energy plant in Laj Governorate in the south to safely dispose of waste and generate energy at the same time. .

Muhammad Sallam, a renewable energy expert at the United Nations Information Center, United Nations Development Programme, is part of a project to support livelihoods and food security in Yemen, in its second phase, the first phase of which is to improve resilience in Yemen.

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Salam pointed out that the plan has four components: livelihoods, social cohesion, local governance and energy.

A United Nations Development Program official said the waste-to-energy initiative is one of the activities within the second goal, and the effort focuses on two key points, the first being the energy problem in Yemen and the second solid. Waste problem.

He explained that the initiative is essentially a joint venture between the private and public sector. The private sector is working to manage and operate the station, where major collection points collect waste from its primary sources and then send it to the station. Around seven or eight solar-powered tuk-tuks were provided to the station and its beneficiaries as the initiative moves away from fossil fuels and uses green sources.

The waste is transported via tuk-tuk to the sorting team located at the station itself, and the sorting team sorts the waste separately for each category, then weighs and sells it.

A small solar power plant in Yemen

Solar energy in Eden

Yemen is located in the center of the global solar belt and is considered one of the richest countries in solar energy.

Yemen is witnessing the implementation of a new solar energy project, one of the first renewable energy projects connected to the public electricity grid in Yemen.

The Aden station is expected to be the largest solar power plant in Yemen, which has begun to move towards clean energy generation to meet the electricity needs of its citizens in light of rising fuel prices and the obsolescence of traditional power plants.

On December 21, 2022, Yemen, represented by the Ministry of Electricity and Energy, signed a project implementation agreement with the Emirati “Mastar” Future Energy Company.

Local Yemeni media published images revealing the scale of the Emirati-funded achievement of the solar photovoltaic power station in Aden.

According to local reports, the excavation work has been completed and steel pillars have been installed on the ground, along with a large part of the network set up to carry the solar panels.

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In March 2023, the first materials needed to build the station arrived in Aden, provided by the United Arab Emirates.

The solar power plant will have a capacity of 120 megawatts, the official Yemen News Agency reported.

On December 21, 2022, the Yemeni government signed an agreement with the United Arab Emirates to establish a 120 MW solar power plant in the temporary capital, Aden (South).
Yemeni cities, especially Aden, have seen many protests against the electricity blackout, which has doubled human suffering.

A small solar power plant in Yemen

Renewable energy in Yemen

Work continues in Yemen with the support of the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, in cooperation with international development organizations and the private sector, to support the rebuilding of waste recycling plants and to provide soft and white color by encouraging those interested in this activity. Credits, and think about the process of benefiting from waste treatment in energy production.

The context of renewable energy in Yemen has emerged as one of the most important solutions for the electricity sector, which has been greatly affected by the decline in production and the increase in the number of hours of power outages.

In 2022, Yemen signed an agreement to implement projects using renewable energy. Many of those governorates have new solar energy projects.

A small solar power plant in Yemen

As part of efforts to make more use of internal energy and natural resources, the project was called “Using Renewable Energy to Improve Living Standards in Yemen” in 5 governorates. In light of major crises related to power and water sectors.

The Saudi program for development and reconstruction of Yemen, the Arab Gulf Fund for Development (AGFUND), is participating in the $2.1 million project, in addition to the Silah Foundation for Development.

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Mohammed bin Rashid: UAE’s sustainability and climate change efforts are constant in our comprehensive development journey



Mohammed bin Rashid: UAE’s sustainability and climate change efforts are constant in our comprehensive development journey

Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, chaired the Cabinet meeting held in conjunction with the COP28 conference at Dubai’s Expo City.
In a blog post on the “X” site, His Highness said: At the beginning of the “Cabinet Meeting”, we reviewed the results of the state’s national efforts in the field of environment, including more than 120 decisions on sustainability, climate change, The development of our natural resources published by the Council over the last five years… and we launched more than 60 new decisions in 2023 alone, creating a coherent set of policies, legislation, strategies and initiatives. Efforts to participate with the world in addressing the effects of climate change and its file.
His Highness added: National strategies and policies in the field of environment and climate change have yielded results, as the country ranks second in the world in energy transition, in the Global Green Future Index 2023 “GFI”, and the sixth in the world per capita solar energy consumption rate, and it is worth 50 billion dollars. It has invested over .70 billion in clean energy projects in countries, pledging to invest an additional $50 billion in the sector over the next decade.
His Highness continued: The UAE continues to be active and proactive in the field of sustainability and climate change, and our efforts in this field are parallel to those of economic development, and are an essential and sustainable component of our comprehensive and continuous development. Process, God willing.

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5 Top Priorities to Combat Climate Change in Africa



5 Top Priorities to Combat Climate Change in Africa

African civil society has identified five key priorities for combating climate change: adaptation, losses and damages, food and land use systems, and forest conservation and restoration.

This was announced by UNANDA Third World Executive Secretary Chekov Sir during an event held on the sidelines of the United Nations Climate Conference “COP28” in Dubai.

The “Anda Third World” organization represents a group of African non-governmental organizations, and these organizations met within the framework of a common platform, which was launched during the “COP”, an alliance of the African Development Bank Group and civil society. Climate and Energy.

African Development Bank president Akinwumi Adesina said: “The continent must benefit from its natural wealth. African economies should not be measured by their GDP, while Africa’s wealth should be assessed by its natural capital.”

“The continent’s vast mineral resources, forests and renewable energy must play a part in the balance,” he added, pointing out that the Congo Basin is the world’s largest carbon reserve, but is not taken into account in the overall assessment. Domestic production of countries in the region.

The coalition supports calls by African leaders to transfer special drawing rights on climate finance to Africa, including the African Development Bank.

The coalition calls on the international community, governments and development partners to comprehensively implement best practices, innovations and technologies and engage farmers and local communities, especially women and youth, in an approach that integrates science and traditional knowledge without harming biodiversity. or compromising community resilience.

He called on parties to ensure that adaptation and resilience are at the heart of African economies vulnerable to climate change.

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The Bank’s Vice President, Agriculture, Human and Social Development, Beth Dunford, confirmed during a discussion with civil society that the alliance is “very important” for Africa, noting that the Bank allocates 64% of its funding to adapt to climate change. continent, and it has now opened a window for climate action aimed at providing specific resources and technical assistance to least developed countries on the continent.

For his part, Alliance President Augustine Njamanshi praised the relationship between development finance institutions, civil society and the private sector in combating climate change in Africa.

“Doubling adaptation financing will not be enough for the continent because governments have already spent a lot of money,” he said, adding that civil society and the private sector, especially banks, must work together for the continent’s benefit.

In turn, Ecotrades Fund Executive Director Pauline Nantungo Kalunda said, “Civil society and the private sector’s collaborative work has enabled 15,000 smallholder farmers to plant trees to increase carbon storage,” calling for the removal of barriers. Prevent communities from accessing climate finance.

Mithika Mwenda, President of the Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance, a strong network of over 1,000 African climate organizations, emphasized the catalytic role of civil society and praised the partnership with the Bank.

“Government, the private sector and civil society are forming a ‘parallel’ in the fight against climate change in this coastal country,” said Roger Barrow, Burkina Faso’s environment minister.

• The African Development Bank allocates 64% of its financing to climate change on the continent.

5 Priorities:

– adaptation.

– Losses.

– Damages.

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– Food and land use systems.

– Conservation and restoration of forests.

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The UAE has long-term strategies for environmental sustainability



The UAE has long-term strategies for environmental sustainability

According to a study conducted by the Regional Center for Strategic Analyzes in Abu Dhabi, sustainability strategies and tackling climate change are at the top of the national action agenda in the UAE. The UAE’s contributions and initiatives during COP 28 gained greater regional and international momentum, support for achieving a better harmonized formula for environmental protection and sustainability, and international pledges to allocate hundreds of billions of dollars to finance climate and sustainable projects.
Interregional said the UAE is making progress in strengthening its environmental leadership by investing tens of billions of dollars and providing legislation, regulatory frameworks, initiatives and policies to address climate change. Participation in dozens of contracts and initiatives around the world.
In this context, Interregional released the “UAE Environmental Achievement Index 2023” to monitor and track the performance of the country’s environmental initiatives in the field of environment and climate, measuring and monitoring 32 sub-indicators since its inception. “UAE Vision 2021” in 2010 to 2022. He also gave predictions till the year 2030.
The Environmental Performance Index is the arithmetic mean of four sub-indicators, namely: climate change, biodiversity, maintenance of a healthy and clean environment and environmental awareness and behaviour, as per the guidelines for developing composite indicators issued by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
The center emphasized that the UAE’s approach to climate change has become a priority for government action, in an effort to be “zero climate neutral” and invest in green resources. In this aspect. He explained that there are many motives and reasons behind the UAE’s high priority of addressing the phenomenon of climate change. This comes in the backdrop of the state’s keenness to achieve its strategic plans on climate change. Among the key concepts that have made climate change a government priority are the catastrophic effects worldwide, in particular: droughts and floods, inundation of cities, waves of displacement, damage to agriculture and infrastructure, and degradation. Global food security crises.
The UAE has adopted a comprehensive approach to addressing the climate change crisis, seeking to achieve environmental sustainability through an integrated legislative and regulatory framework, in coordination and cooperation with the international community in this regard. Approach: Localize clean energy, adopt peaceful nuclear energy and support climate legislation and knowledge frameworks, and coordinate with the international and regional community to support international efforts to address climate change. To achieve climate neutrality by 2050, the UAE has won the trust of the international community to host COP28 from here.

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