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“Hope Probe” reveals new images and data on “Deimos” satellite for the first time.



“Hope Probe” reveals new images and data on “Deimos” satellite for the first time.

The science team of the Emirates Mars Exploration Program “Probe of Hope” revealed a series of new data on Mars’ smallest moon “Demos”, captured using the probe’s three science instruments. The Moon, about 100 km away, is closest to the spacecraft. “Viking” in 1977.

During a special session at the International Conference on Geosciences in Vienna, the scientific team presented all the new images, observations and results found on the composition and structure of the moon, Deimos. The team emphasized that the data discovered for the first time contributes to deepening the global scientific community’s understanding of Deimos and enriching them with new information and data about them.

The observations have disproved one of the oldest theories suggesting that the Moon was attracted to the orbit of the Red Planet and was thought to be an asteroid in its origin, and confirm that the Moon may have originated from Mars and not an asteroid. previously considered.

Includes high-resolution images taken during the closest flyby of the Moon, the first extreme-ultraviolet and far-ultraviolet observations, and the first thermal-infrared DEIMOS hyperspectral data; The observations reveal, for the first time, distant regions of Deimos that have not previously been structurally observed.

Hessa Al Madrushi, Head of Science for the Emirates Mars Exploration Program, “Probe of Hope”, said: There are many questions about the Martian moons “Deimos” and “Phobos”; Therefore, through the HOPE study, we seek to answer these questions with the aim of achieving a deeper understanding of Mars and its moons, and the study of how the two moons appear in their current orbits, which confirms the importance of new information, especially about Deimos, to our understanding of the origin and formation of the moons. Contributes to improve understanding.

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His Highness Sara bint Youssef Al Amiri, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Emirates Space Agency and Minister of Public Education and Advanced Technology, said: “Over the years, the Hope probe has contributed to the discovery of many unique and important sequences. The previously unobserved data is changing our perception of the Red Planet. He said the latest important findings disprove one of the older theories and prove that Deimos, Mars’ smallest moon, is a planet of origin and not an asteroid.

His Excellency added: In the coming days, the scientific team will continue to explore the moon of Deimos deeper and larger to reveal more observations and data about the moon and provide them to the global scientific community. In light of Hope Probe’s great success and completing its scientific achievements, Hope Probe’s journey will be extended for another year, thanks to the project providing important observations of the Red Planet.

Salem Buti Salem Al Qubaisi, Director General of the Emirates Space Agency, said: “Expanding the work of the Emirates Mars Exploration Program will help increase opportunities for collaboration and expand strategic partnerships with various agencies and research centers in the UAE. In line with our strategic vision for the sustainable development of the space sector, this Strengthening the country’s position in a pioneering and vital sector and ensuring development of national capabilities in this sector in line with the highest international standards.

It is noteworthy that the moon “Deimos” is much less observed and understood due to its small size and its rotation in a wide orbit every 30 hours, in contrast to the moon “Phobos”, which is characterized by its large size and its proximity. Mars has been considered more suitable for sensing by previous spacecraft, most of which have been located at lower altitudes than the planet.

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The first phases of the flight of the Hope probe near the Deimos satellite began in late January and early February 2023; The instruments are calibrated to support high-resolution images and observations with the Digital Exploration Camera (EXI), infrared spectroscopy (EMIRS) and ultraviolet spectroscopy (EMUS).

As planned, the Hope probe will be in an elliptical orbit between 20,000 and 43,000 km, at a 25-degree angle to Mars, with minor modifications to support additional observations of Deimos; The probe completes an orbit every 55 hours, recording a composite of data for Mars every nine days as part of its mission to map the Red Planet’s atmosphere.

It is noteworthy that the Emirates Mars exploration project, “Probe of Hope”, since its arrival in orbit, has published 13 scientific and research papers on the study’s data in specialized international scientific journals, which confirms the importance of this information. Researchers and scientists around the world. Emirati students and researchers have greatly benefited from these data in carrying out their respective specialized research. The total amount of data collected by the study through its three devices has so far reached more than 2 terabytes.

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10 Foods That Cause Anxiety And Stress.. Know What To Eat Instead



10 Foods That Cause Anxiety And Stress.. Know What To Eat Instead

Written by Merwat Rashad

Sunday, December 10, 2023 at 07:00 AM

Did you know that certain foods can cause anxiety and stress? While caffeine and sugar are known to affect our moods, many unexpected factors can exacerbate these feelings. In this report, we’ll critically examine 10 food triggers, explain why this effect exists, and suggest alternatives. Healthy to help you maintain a balanced and calm state of mind, according to the website “Onegreenplanet”.

1. Processed foods

It often contains Processed foods High amounts of refined carbohydrates, unhealthy fats and additives can cause your blood sugar to spike and crash, causing mood swings and increased anxiety. Choose whole, unprocessed foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

2. Artificial sweeteners

Artificial sweeteners like aspartame and sucralose have been linked to increased anxiety symptoms.Choose natural sweeteners like honey or enjoy the sweetness of natural fruit.

3. Fried foods

Fried foods are often high in unhealthy trans fats, which contribute to inflammation in the body and affect brain health. Instead, opt for baked or grilled alternatives for a healthier option.

4. High fructose corn syrup

High-fructose corn syrup, commonly found in sugary drinks and processed snacks, can increase inflammation and oxidative stress, which can worsen anxiety symptoms. Choose water, herbal teas, or homemade fruit juices instead.

5. Too much salt

Consuming too much salt can upset the balance of electrolytes in the body, leading to dehydration and stress. Instead use herbs, spices or citrus juices to enhance the flavor of your food.

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6. Fast food

Fast food is usually high in unhealthy fats, sodium and additives. These substances can negatively affect mood and contribute to feelings of anxiety. Choose home-cooked meals using fresh ingredients whenever possible.

7. Dairy products

Some individuals may be sensitive to dairy products, which can cause digestive problems and inflammation, which can affect mood and increase anxiety. Consider alternatives such as almond milk, coconut milk, or dairy-free yogurt.

8. Refined grains

Refined grains such as white bread, white rice, and pasta have a high glycemic index, causing rapid rises and falls in blood sugar levels. This can contribute to mood swings and feelings of anxiety. Choose quinoa, brown rice, and whole grains. Wheat bread instead.

9. Red meat

Consuming high amounts of red meat has been linked to higher levels of anxiety and depression. Try to include lean protein sources like fish, chicken or legumes in your diet.

10. Artificial food coloring

Artificial food coloring, commonly found in processed snacks and beverages, has been linked to hyperactivity and increased anxiety in some individuals, especially children. Choose natural food colors or snacks without artificial colors.

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Maiara has called for increased funding for climate and energy change



Maiara has called for increased funding for climate and energy change

Hepa Press – and MA

Nam Mayara, Chairman of the Council of Advisors and President of the Mediterranean Parliament, stressed on Saturday that parliamentary diplomacy has a very important role to play in solving climate change crises.

In her speech during the high-level segment of the COP28 conference, Mayara explained that parliamentary diplomacy is thrusting itself into the international arena to contribute to resolving crises, particularly in relation to strengthening affirmative action and intensifying efforts to curb climate change.

He said during the second session of the Marrakesh Parliamentary Economic Forum for the Euro-Mediterranean and the Gulf region, to be hosted by Morocco in June next year, “work will be carried out to establish a parliamentary group in the Euro-Mediterranean region”. Gulf for the promotion of renewable energies, which was established in the Mediterranean Parliament.” Average year 2022.”

He pointed to the current climate emergency and its unprecedented effects on the Euro-Mediterranean region and the Gulf, such that temperatures in the Mediterranean Sea are rising 20 percent faster than the global average, while the Gulf Sea is the warmest in the world.

After applauding the decision to implement a “loss and damage” fund to compensate countries most affected by climate change, he called for intensified efforts and increased funding for climate and energy change.

During another meeting held within the framework of the COP28 conference, Maira emphasized Morocco’s commitment to effectively contribute to the continent’s dynamics to protect Africa from the dangers of the climate crisis and protect the rights of future generations to development and progress.

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He pointed out that Africa is at the heart of the scourge of climate change, noting that it is the continent that emits the least amount of greenhouse gas emissions that lead to global warming, which undermines the continent’s capacity for growth, progress and prosperity. Fundamental rights of millions of Africans.

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7 Perfect Snacks to Fight Nighttime Hunger Attacks | Life



7 Perfect Snacks to Fight Nighttime Hunger Attacks |  Life

A good night’s sleep is essential for health, as levels of leptin, a hormone responsible for feelings of fullness, rise during sleep, and ghrelin, a hormone that sends hunger signals, decreases at bedtime. Give the body a chance to sleep.

But the thing is, the feeling of hunger at night is not without pressure, which can spoil this equation, for reasons such as: eating the last meal too soon, tension and stress, blood sugar level fluctuations or vitamin D deficiency. A certified nutritionist said. , Katherine Metzeler, Well & Good.

His colleague Michelle Reker, a certified nutritionist, pointed out the effect that “the lack of food needed to get the calories the body needs during the day, especially after an intense evening workout, can lead to increased energy expenditure and nighttime hunger.”

If you’re hungry late at night, it’s okay to eat a nutritious snack under 200 calories (Shutterstock)

Fake or real hunger?

Certified nutritionist Barbara Ross told the US newspaper HuffPost, “Anxiety can wake us up in the middle of the night, and we confuse it with hunger.” In this case, he suggests drinking a cup of decaffeinated herbal tea. Calms the nerves.

To quench the flames of true hunger, Metzeler emphasizes the importance of going “no food during the day, no more than 4 to 5 hours at most,” and making sure to eat enough foods that include plenty of protein. healthy fats, vegetables, whole grains and complex carbohydrates; Keep energy levels high and feel energized and satisfied throughout the day.

Later in the night, the impact of hunger can be reduced, so many people rush to the kitchen and eat the candy, potato chips and gravy or leftover steak from lunch, which can be difficult for them. Go back to sleep and they start the next day feeling uncomfortable.This causes them health problems: weight gain.

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According to the Healthline website, there is growing scientific evidence that eating too late at night can make weight control more difficult.

The right foods

According to research published in 2015, “If you’re hungry late at night, it’s okay to eat a small, nutrient-dense snack under 200 calories.”

Here are 7 examples of these foods that a panel of certified nutritionists told HuffPost, “They’re great for fighting nighttime hunger pangs while helping you get back to sleep.”

  • Turkey breast slices

Certified nutritionist, Marissa Mechoulam looks at; Turkey breast is “a great way to satisfy an after-midnight hunger pang, whether eaten alone or stuffed into half a sandwich.”

Turkey breast pieces are known to “help you fall asleep, relax and go back to sleep because they are rich in the amino acid (L-tryptophan), which turns into the sleep hormone (melatonin); in addition. to their protein content, it is “enough to suppress the feeling of hunger until morning. “

  • Fiber-rich cheese and crackers

According to Mechoulam, “any snack we choose should include protein and fiber to keep us full throughout the night”; It’s found in protein-rich cottage cheese, which contains some sleep-aiding tryptophan and fiber-rich crackers. Mechulam recommends almond flour biscuits to ensure stable blood sugar levels.

According to Healthline, “Combining carbohydrate-rich foods (such as crackers) with a good source of tryptophan (such as cheese) helps increase tryptophan’s effectiveness in supporting sleep,” and serving 4 pieces of whole wheat crackers and one piece of cheddar cheese. Low fat, about 150 calories.

Any snack we choose should contain protein and fiber (pixels) to keep us full throughout the night.
  • A refreshing vegetable dish with hummus

It is a refreshing and crunchy vegetable dish; Like: baby carrots, cherry tomatoes, and cucumbers, with hummus, “The perfect quick and easy midnight snack,” says registered dietitian Amanda Frankini, “A couple tablespoons of hummus can be enough to provide protein, fiber, and complete satisfaction.”

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  • Banana and peanut butter

In one study, “melatonin levels in the blood increased 4-fold within two hours of eating two bananas.”

Bananas and nuts or peanut butter can be balanced snacks to maintain balanced blood sugar, which is essential for getting good sleep.

“Bananas contain potassium, which, in addition to complex carbohydrates, controls high blood sugar that can harm sleep,” says Prangini, adding that combining bananas with peanut butter at night is a healthy and satiating source of fat and tryptophan that can induce sleep.

For Metzeler, who recommends putting almond butter and bananas on whole-wheat bread, “combines protein, carbs and fat to beat a balanced snack before bed.”

Adding banana slices to your peanut butter meal at night is a healthy and satisfying source of fat and sleepy tryptophan (Pxels).
  • Cherry and pistachio

A number of studies conducted on sour cherries have shown that snacking on them in the middle of the night can lead to better sleep, as they naturally contain melatonin. It can be combined with pistachios, which combine fat and protein in addition to some melatonin.

  • Cereals and milk

As milk contains calcium, which helps the body produce melatonin, a cup of warm milk is ideal for falling asleep after waking up at night.

Low-sugar whole grains can be added to milk for a light, filling and balanced meal to help maintain blood sugar levels.

Whole grains can be added to milk (pixels) for a light, filling and balanced meal to maintain blood sugar levels.
  • Snacks from nuts

Frankini cautions against turning to chocolate or coffee as midnight snacks; Because they keep you awake longer, walnuts, almonds, and pistachios provide natural melatonin, protein, and magnesium to help you feel full and induce sleep.

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