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Participates in the launch of the James Webb Telescope .. Egyptian researcher Mariam Esmat shines in the sky of physics and literature | Science



Participates in the launch of the James Webb Telescope .. Egyptian researcher Mariam Esmat shines in the sky of physics and literature |  Science

Played by an Egyptian researcher Mariam Haitham Ismat After his participation in the publication of the “James Web Telescope” his name emerged as one of the most renowned Arab researchers, considered one of the largest scientific projects under the supervision of the American company “NASA”.

She was distinguished from many Arab female researchers by her combination of science and literature because she was crowned the youngest female novelist in the Arab world in 2017 for an English language novel (The Escaping Flashback) and an academic book on classical. Dynamics and many scientific translations were published for her.

Mariam Haitham spoke to us via email in an interview with Esmat Al Jazeera Net about her scientific experience and her contribution to the “James Web Telescope” project and her reconciliation between science and literature:

Mariam Haitham Esmat was named the Youngest Novelist in the Arab World in 2017 for a novel in English (Contact Sites)
  • What was the beginning of your academic career, especially at the university level and beyond?

I loved science from a young age, my parents were interested in reading, and our house was decorated with books and its environment was generally full of love for science, art and science.
For me, I loved books on history, optics and the history of Islamic science, which instilled in me a great love for physics and art.

I grew up reading biographies and achievements of scholars of Islamic civilization, such as Ibn al-Haytham, the founder of optics, and Mariam al-Astrolopia, one of the designers of the astronomical instrument used in astronomical calculations. Abbas ibn Firnas. After all, these scholars are poets, philosophers and thinkers, so my role revolved around these inspiring individuals.

When I graduated from high school in Cairo, I attended Lycoming College of Physics and Literature in Pennsylvania, USA, where I earned a BA in astronomy, a minor in mathematics, and another BA in English literature in the field of creative writing. .

Mariam Haitham Esmat: Literature and Physics Two Ways to Discover the World Around Me (Al Jazeera)
  • How do you synchronize science and literature?

In terms of study, some American universities offer students the opportunity to study more than one field at a time, so I decided to include literature in physics as a major, and for me, it is important to reconcile the two sciences because the two complement each other.
I only wanted to be a writer until I was 16, but after studying physics in high school I decided to be a writer and a researcher in physics together because the two sciences are inseparable from each other. The motion of the universe and astronomical objects.

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For me, literature and physics are two ways of discovering the world around us, the difference being that they use two different languages, literature uses languages ​​like Arabic and English, and physics uses a mathematical language.

Mariam Esmat was instrumental in establishing an organization to help high school students in Egypt choose the appropriate field at the university (Al-Jazeera).
  • Many years ago, you contributed to the founding of the company “Quash”, tell us about it, what is its role?

The idea of ​​installing Kwashier came back in 2016 to my classmates Omar Hisham and Mostafa Naki. We talked about teaching high school students in Egypt and how to create an institution that will help them choose the appropriate field at the university. Providing writing programs related to their fields of study that help them in university education.

My role was mainly to provide advice in certain fields of science, and I have had great success .. I was not part of the company, but only as a consultant who helped establish it.

  • Do you have scientific literature, books and translations, tell us about them?

My two colleagues and I designed and built a radio telescope to orbit the sun, Jupiter, all the moons and asteroids, and based on this telescope we built the University Radio Astronomy Laboratory.

The second research I worked on as a software engineer on the infrared camera for the Exoplanet invention was in the James Web Space Telescope project.

The third research I worked on was a bachelor’s dissertation in astronomy, which aims to determine the number of striking stars in the Milky Way (mentioned in Surat al-Tariq) using telescopic gravity and electromagnetic radiation technology. LISA (laser interferometer space antenna). God willing, LISA is expected to be officially launched in 2030, and it is expected to monitor glowing stars and black holes.

As for my other publications, they revolve around writing in science and literature. I have published a university book on classical mechanics and its applications in programming languages ​​(Classical mechanics: a computational approach with examples using mathematics and Python) and a book on physics entitled “Physics” published in English by Routledge in 2020.

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I have written 3 literary novels, but only one came to light in English (The Escaping Flashback) .Wrote when I was 16, published in 2017 by Egyptian Dar Al. – Shrook when I was 18, and then it gave me the title of “Youngest Novelist in the Country”.

I have also contributed to the translation of some scientific articles and reports from English into Arabic, the most important of which is the James Webb Telescope published by NASA, which I am proud to translate into Arabic.

Mariam Esmet is interested in a program to monitor pulsars, which will be carried out by the LISA telescope (Al Jazeera)
  • Tell us about the twinkling stars and the reason for your interest in them, what results did you achieve?

Pulsars are stars formed by the eruption of older stars, and we can detect the sound of them pulsating and their radio frequency clicking on a surface.

This type of star was first discovered in 1967 by scientist Jocelyn Bell Burnell.

According to my undergraduate study, of the 13,522 stars in our Milky Way galaxy, Lisa to the telescope (LISA) has detected 424 glowing stars, which will be a great and exciting achievement and will open new frontiers for us in astronomical research.

  • You are currently a PhD student at the prestigious Johns Hopkins University, how did you get there and how do you find yourself studying there?

When I was a student at the University of Lycoming, my professors encouraged me to apply for a Ph.D. I followed their advice and accepted.

I am very proud and excited to be studying at Johns Hopkins University. I am currently working on developing a laboratory to detect dark matter particles in the universe, and we are using engineering sciences such as mathematics and computers as we use electrical devices such as quantum. squeezer, a device that compresses a vacuum based on quantum mechanics to detect the signal needed to search for dark matter particles.

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Mariam Haitham Esmat joined the training and later worked on the James Webb Telescope Project (Al Jazeera).
  • Do you stand out by participating in the launch of the James Webb Telescope, and how did you contribute to it?

In this project, I worked as a software engineer on a nearby infrared camera for exoplanet detection. My start was part of an internship program, and then they offered me a job, and I really enjoy working on a great team and an amazing global project.

  • What is expected of the James Webb telescope, and is there any improvement in its functions a few months after it was launched?

The James Webb Space Telescope is 100 times more powerful than the Hubble Space Telescope and will allow scientists to view the universe a few million years old.

The universe is now about 13.5 billion years old, so the purpose of the James Webb Telescope is to explore the universe at a relatively young age, allowing scientists to think about the beginnings of the formation of galaxies, planets, and galaxies. Astronomical objects, except for updating cosmic principles.

Therefore, we hope that this project will open new frontiers in astronomy and allow scientists to explore in depth the research on the origin of the universe.

  • Let’s talk about astronomy in Egypt and the Arab world. How do you evaluate the development of this science? What is the contribution of Arab scholars in it?

As part of the International Project “Moon Village Society” I volunteered at the Egyptian Space Agency, and lectured as much as I could at conferences and symposia to universities in Egypt, and the Astronomical Society introduced the Arabic Web Space Telescope in Egypt.

Therefore, I find that at the level of the general public interested in astronomy and astrophysics there is a continuing activity in the Arab world in Egypt or abroad.
As for the contributions of Arab scholars in this field, they are innumerable, but unfortunately for various reasons they are not always known outside the scope of the Arab world!

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Concerns about Americans’ weak skills in math Associated Press: A threat to national security



Concerns about Americans’ weak skills in math Associated Press: A threat to national security

By Reem Abdel Hamid

Tuesday, September 26, 2023 03:36 PM

According to the Associated Press, many Americans joke about how bad they are at math, and their already poor scores on standardized math tests continue to decline.

Employers say America needs math geniuses like animated movies need superheroes. They believe America’s poor performance in math is no laughing matter, but a threat to national security and global economic competitiveness.

Jim Stigler, a professor of psychology at the University of California who studies the teaching and learning process in subjects including mathematics, believes that the technological advances that will lead the world in the next fifty years will come from other countries. Capital that America does not have.

The U.S. Department of Defense has called for a major effort to support education in science, technology, education and math, or “STEM” for short. The number of graduates in these categories in China is eight times that of their counterparts in the United States, and the number of engineers in Russia is four times that of those in the United States, he said.

For his part, Aspen Research Institute Vice President Josh Weiner says the matter is not just an academic issue. Last July, he warned that other countries, particularly China, were challenging America’s technological dominance. He explained that mathematics is needed to solve the fundamental challenges faced in the present era.

On the other hand, the number of jobs in mathematical occupations, i.e. jobs that use the dream of arithmetic and use advanced methods to perform calculations, analyze data, and solve problems, will increase by more than 30,000 per year. In the current decade, that’s the fastest rate compared to any other type of job, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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How to inquire about health card number in Qatar



How to inquire about health card number in Qatar

Qatar Health Card is considered as one of the most important services provided to all Qatari citizens by the Government of Qatar, eager to serve the citizen and provide him with all his basic needs. So, you can now apply for a health card after fulfilling all the necessary conditions on the official website of the “We take care of you” application. This is what we will discuss in this article. Follow us.

Health Card Qatar

There are several ways in which you can apply for a health card in Qatar, as stated by the Government of Qatar through its official website through a few simple steps:

  • First, you need to login to the government website Here.
  • Log in to the national authentication system using your Qatari ID number.
  • Then you need to enter your password.
  • Click on Service to get Qatar Health Card.
  • Enter all the required data from you in the space provided for it and attach all the necessary documents and documents.
  • Finally, click the Send Request icon.

read more: How to check health card validity date in Qatar

Investigation of health card in Qatar

Health Card Qatar

Now that we know about the process of applying for a health card in Qatar, we will now discuss how to inquire about a health card in Qatar to ensure the validity of your health card and enjoy the health care provided. Through the following:

  • You need to login to the official website of my government Here.
  • Click on the Electronic Services tab.
  • Several options will appear. Select the Electronic Health Card Services tab.
  • Click on Health Card Update option.
  • Write all the required data from you in the space provided.
  • Souq will show you all the health card data so you can check the validity of the card.

read more: How to renew health card in Qatar and renewal fees.

Qatar Health Card No

If you want to know your Qatar Health Card number, there are some simple steps you can take through the Hukoomi website. So, here are the steps to verify the card number as follows:

  • Log in to the official Hukoomi website Here.
  • Enter the ID card number in the space provided.
  • Click on the check expiration date icon.
  • After completing the previous steps, click on the Continue icon to display your Qatar Health Card number.

How much does health insurance cost in Qatar?

The cost of health insurance in Qatar is approximately four hundred ninety five Qatari Riyals.

How do I get a health card number?

Qatar Health Card number can be obtained through inquiry service on Hukoomi website.

How do I get a health card in Qatar?

A Qatar Health Card can be obtained by paying a fee of one hundred Qatari Riyals.

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Artificial intelligence raises concerns for Britain.. The Guardian: Concerns include the development of biological weapons, terrorist uses and causing havoc. Extinction is science fiction



Artificial intelligence raises concerns for Britain.. The Guardian: Concerns include the development of biological weapons, terrorist uses and causing havoc.  Extinction is science fiction

By: Nihal Abu Al-Saud

Tuesday, September 26, 2023 at 05:00 AM

Concerns about the power of the next generation of controversial artificial intelligence technology are growing in Britain, between its supporters and detractors, from criminals and terrorists using the technology to achieve their goals, to frequent scenes in sci-fi movies. About a machine escaping human control.

The UK is hosting a summit on AI security in November, and British officials are touring the world ahead of the summit.

According to The Guardian, fears are widespread that criminals or terrorists could use artificial intelligence to accomplish their extremist goals and cause mass death, and some around British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak worry that the technology will soon become powerful enough to help. Individuals develop biological weapons that are out of bounds.

“The purpose is to warn against this,” said a person familiar with the summit talks Artificial Intelligence Risks“Downing Street is paying attention at the moment.”

Frontier AI is a term used to refer to models of artificial intelligence that are dangerous enough to endanger human life, the newspaper noted.

Sunak warned months ago about the dangers posed by artificial intelligence and urged the international community to adopt safeguards to prevent its misuse.

Recent developments in artificial intelligence technology have raised fears among officials. Last year, an artificial intelligence tool was able to suggest 40,000 different potentially lethal biomolecules, some of which were similar to VX, in just 6 hours. .

Earlier this year, researchers found that ChatGPT can lie to a human to achieve a specific goal. The AI-powered chatbot convinced a person to solve a “captcha” tool designed to take down online bots after telling them to a human. Visually impaired and needs help accessing the website.

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Government sources fear that a criminal or terrorist could use artificial intelligence to help prepare the components of a biological weapon before sending them to a lab, where they can be mixed and shipped without any human supervision, a risk some believe will soon increase dramatically. , companies are already spending hundreds of millions of pounds. Sterling is looking for more powerful processors to train the next generation of AI tools.

Another concern is the emergence of “artificial general intelligence,” which refers to an artificially intelligent system capable of autonomously performing any task at or above human level—and which could pose an existential threat to humans in years to come.

On the other hand, the existential risk approach to general AI has been criticized by AI experts, who argue that the threat is overstated. Last week, a senior tech executive told US lawmakers that the notion of uncontrollable public AI was… “fiction”.

Several world leaders, including Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and French President Emmanuel Macron, are expected to attend the summit. The UK has invited China to participate.

The British government confirmed that the summit would focus on risks such as the misuse of artificial intelligence to develop biological weapons or electronic attacks, and the emergence of advanced systems that escape human control.

He said in a statement: “There are two areas that the summit will focus on in particular: the risks of misuse, for example when new AI capabilities help a bad actor in biological or cyber attacks, and the risks of losing control. The risks may arise from the advanced systems we want to “counter it”.

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Sunak warned months ago about the dangers posed by artificial intelligence and urged the international community to adopt safeguards to prevent its misuse.

Downing Street is reportedly spending £100m on a new artificial intelligence team. The United Kingdom to evaluate them before using them more widely. .

A Downing Street spokesman said AI has “huge potential to transform every aspect of life and the Frontier AI Taskforce has been established to ensure technology is developed safely and responsibly”. Potential risks.

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