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A rise in average temperatures… warning of an imminent “Mediterranean hurricane” and a call to prepare early



A rise in average temperatures… warning of an imminent “Mediterranean hurricane” and a call to prepare early

A rise in the temperature of the waters of the Mediterranean Sea caused the “intensification of strength” of the powerful storm “Daniel” that hit eastern Libya, while experts revealed the reasons for this to the Al-Hurrah website and raised the alarm. A “Mediterranean Cyclone” is likely to erupt in the region in the near future.

Daniel “The Tempest”

Storm Daniel swept through the Libyan coastal city of Derna overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, causing flooding from heavy rains to wash away large dams and entire neighborhoods.

Floods and floods destroyed large parts of the city of Derna in eastern Libya, as two dams collapsed and entire buildings collapsed as families slept as they made their way through a river that normally lacks water.

Officials from the government of eastern Libya reported varying numbers of victims, with one stating that at least 3,840 had been killed.

Meanwhile, the eastern Libyan government’s health minister, Othman Abdel Jalil, announced that 3,166 deaths had been reported between Friday night and Saturday, with 101 bodies found on Friday and buried in one day.

But the number of victims could be much higher as the United Nations estimates that the number of missing has reached at least 10,000.

The International Organization for Migration reported more than 38,000 people displaced in eastern Libya, including 30,000 from Terna.

The temperature of the Mediterranean Sea is rising

The flash floods that killed thousands in Libya were caused by a Mediterranean cyclone, a rare but devastating climate phenomenon that scientists believe will “increase in a warming world”.

In the Mediterranean, the highest temperatures were recorded in July, as Europe faced a series of exceptional heat waves.

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Surface waters in the eastern Mediterranean and Atlantic Ocean became two to three degrees Celsius warmer than usual in early September.

Speaking to the Al-Hurrah website, climatologist Dumit Kamel explains that the Mediterranean region has entered a phase of “broad climate change”.

Doumit points out that “climate changes” have caused “climate extremes” and an increase in the temperature of Mediterranean waters, which can lead to floods, storms and hurricanes, threatening all the countries of the region.

In a related context, Jamal Musa, a consultant at the Arab Meteorological Center, affirms that climate change, global warming and extreme weather patterns are the factors responsible for “rising the temperature of the Mediterranean Sea”.

From now on, weather depressions forming in the eastern Mediterranean will be deep and severe, and as temperatures rise, “heavy rains” will occur, causing flooding and flooding, he told the “Al-Hurrah” website. .

According to an adviser at the Arab Meteorological Center, as air temperature rises, its ability to absorb large amounts of water vapor will increase, causing more rain and “catastrophic” flooding.

Is the region seeing a new “Daniel”?

Climate change expert, Mr. Sabri warns of the possibility of a “repeat of Daniel’s scene” in the near future.

He explains to the Al-Hurrah website that cyclones appear in large bodies of water such as oceans due to an increase in surface water temperature, but their appearance in small seas such as the Mediterranean is a “new change”.

If temperatures in the Mediterranean continue to rise, severe storms like “Daniel” may erupt again in the future, a climate change expert says.

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In a related context, Jamal Moussa anticipates the possibility of new severe storms and “Mediterranean” hurricanes as a result of rising water temperatures, along with the presence of “cold air masses”.

For his part, Doumit says the current situation is “not good”, indicating the possibility of a repeat of the “Daniel scenario” and the outbreak of a “Mediterranean hurricane” in many parts of the Mediterranean.

Climatologists warn that the countries of the southern, eastern and northern Mediterranean are at risk of seeing the same scenario as in Libya.

What is a Mediterranean Hurricane?

Mediterranean hurricanes are similar to other hurricanes and storms, but they can form in less warm water.

In satellite images, it appears as a swirling mass of storm clouds around a focal point, the eye of the hurricane.

But these Mediterranean storms are generally smaller and weaker than their tropical counterparts and have a narrower space to grow and develop.

A cyclone is formed when a layer of cold air from higher altitudes meets warm air rising from the ocean and convection or upwelling develops, and this meeting occurs around a low pressure center.

Its maximum strength is typically equivalent to a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale, meaning its speed is between 119 and 153 kilometers per hour, according to Agence France-Presse.

In addition to their strong winds, Mediterranean cyclones are accompanied by heavy rainfall.

Jamal Moussa explains that Mediterranean cyclones always form in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, so Tunisia and Libya can be affected, as a consultant at the Arab Meteorological Center explains.

The Levant and Egypt could also be affected, but with “depressed or unstable weather,” according to an adviser at the Arabia Meteorological Center.

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Mr. Sabri, for his part, said that all countries in the Mediterranean basin are threatened by “climate changes and rising water temperatures”, which could lead to the outbreak of “Mediterranean cyclones”.

Dumit agrees with him, pointing out that Daniel took an “unusual path” that increases the risk of these extreme weather events in the Mediterranean.

Rising sea surface temperatures “caused by human-induced climate change” could make extreme events like hurricanes or Mediterranean cyclones “more severe,” Doumit warns.

Active arrangements

Daniel’s authority in Libya is not strong, but Jamal Musa explains that the “deteriorating” infrastructure, dams that have not been maintained for 15 years and buildings located along the course of the valley are factors that have caused the “catastrophe”.

In the absence of emergency plans, a lack of “crisis management”, lax infrastructure and uneven buildings, heavy storms combined with “heavy rain” could “signal the risk of disaster”, warns Arabia Weather’s adviser. Center.

In light of “unprecedented” climate changes in the Mediterranean, countries that don’t care about maintaining “infrastructure” and don’t address haphazard construction could face a new catastrophe like what happened in Libya.

For his part, Doumit calls for a scientific study of the Mediterranean region to “prepare” to face what comes next.

The climatologist says that if there had been “emergency and preparedness plans”, there would not have been this number of victims in Libya.

“Countries without early warning or disaster response strategies” could soon face a new disaster like the one in Libya, he asserts.

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Robert Kennedy Jr. decided to run as an independent in the US presidential election



Robert Kennedy Jr. decided to run as an independent in the US presidential election

US presidential candidate Robert Kennedy Jr. will announce his candidacy as an independent instead of continuing his long-running bid to defeat President Joe Biden as the Democratic nominee, complicating next year’s presidential election.

Kennedy, an anti-vaccination activist and member of a famous American political family, posted a video on YouTube on Friday asking Americans to join him in a “major announcement” in Philadelphia on October 9.

He said he would talk about a radical change in American policy.

Kennedy is the nephew of former President John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated in 1963, and the son of former U.S. Senator Robert Kennedy, who was assassinated during his 1968 presidential bid.

In April, Kennedy said he would challenge Biden to run for the Democratic nomination against the expected Republican nominee, former President Donald Trump.

Since then, Kennedy has complained that the Democratic Party has “basically blended together” with the Biden campaign, which has cost him a fair chance in the nomination race.

Many polls have Biden ahead of Kennedy.

Kennedy’s plan to run as an independent was first reported on the political website Mediaite.

In response to an emailed question from Reuters about the report, the Kennedy campaign responded by sending out its own video.

Democrats worried that any effort by a third party could shift votes away from Biden.

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Only since the beginning of this year… has the UN been concerned about migrants trying to cross the “death trap”.



Only since the beginning of this year… has the UN been concerned about migrants trying to cross the “death trap”.

More than 2,500 migrants have died or gone missing trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Europe since the start of 2023, an official from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees announced on Thursday.

“As of September 24, more than 2,500 people are dead or missing,” said Rubin Menegtivela, director of the UNHCR office in New York, during a Security Council meeting dedicated to the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean. That represents a nearly 50 percent increase compared to “1,680” people during the same period in 2022.

“Without public opinion, lives are being lost on the ground,” he asserted.

He pointed out that “the journey to West or East Africa and the Horn of Africa and Libya and the starting points on the coast is one of the most dangerous journeys in the world.”

He added, “Refugees and migrants traveling overland from sub-Saharan Africa face the risk of death and serious human rights violations at every step.”

According to statistics announced by Ruffin Minisdiola, between the beginning of the year and September 24, 2023, a total of 186,000 migrants arrived in Southern Europe (Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Malta), including 130,000 for Italy, “an increase of 83 percent compared to the same period in 2022.

In terms of countries of departure, between the beginning of the year and August 2023, more than 102,000 migrants tried to cross the Mediterranean Sea from Tunisia, and 45,000 from Libya.

Of this number, 31,000 were rescued at sea or intercepted and disembarked in Tunisia, and 10,600 are in Libya.

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Referring to the recent influx of large numbers of migrants to the Italian island of Lampedusa, the official stressed that “Italy cannot respond alone to the needs” of these migrants.

UN refugee agency to “establish a regional mechanism for the evacuation and redistribution” of migrants arriving by sea. Menaktivela reiterated the High Commissioner’s call, which raises disagreements among EU member states.

For his part, Russian Ambassador to the United Nations Vasily Nebenzia, who requested the meeting, denounced the EU for its role in the “death trap” in the Mediterranean.

The ambassador said: “We have the impression that the European Union is waging an undeclared war against migrants because they have no other, safe route.”

“The European Union only cares about the migration issue when it comes to Ukrainians,” Nebenzia added, expressing her regret that other migrants do not enjoy “the same level of solidarity”.

As for French Ambassador Nicolas de Riviere, referring to Russian contributions to UNHCR’s budget, he said, “Russia is not, as always, when it comes to responding decisively to humanitarian crises.”

He added, “Wagner’s presence in the Sahel region contributes to the instability of the region, which fuels terrorism and leads to the migration of residents.”

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US punishes former Sudanese foreign minister



US punishes former Sudanese foreign minister

On Thursday, the United States imposed sanctions on former Sudanese foreign minister Ali Karti, one of which was based in Russia, and accused him of exacerbating instability in Sudan, where fighting has claimed thousands of lives and displaced millions of civilians. ..

The move is the latest round of sanctions imposed by Washington since fighting broke out in Sudan in mid-April between the military and Rapid Support Forces..

Brian Nelson, the Treasury Department’s undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, said in a statement that “the action will be held accountable for those who undermined efforts to find a peaceful and democratic solution in Sudan.”

He added: “We will continue to target those who work to perpetuate this conflict for personal gain.”

The Treasury Department said it targeted Karti, who was foreign minister under former President Omar al-Bashir, noting that Karti became head of the Sudanese Islamic Movement after al-Bashir was ousted in 2019..

Karti has been a prominent figure among the veterans and loyalists of Bashir’s regime since the Sudanese army seized power in 2021 and overthrew the civilian area..

The Treasury Department added: “(Karthi) and other Sudanese militants are actively obstructing efforts to reach a ceasefire to end the current war.”

Also sanctioned was Sudan-based GSK Advance, which the Treasury Department said was used as a procurement vehicle for Rapid Support Forces..

The company is said to be coordinating with Russia-based military supply company Avia Trade, which has been targeted by sanctions, to arrange for the purchase of spare parts and supplies for drones previously purchased by Rapid Support Forces. Training work..

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US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in a separate statement that Washington moved this week to impose visa restrictions on people it considers part of efforts to undermine the democratic transition in Sudan..

The new sanctions come after actions taken against the deputy commander of the Rapid Support Forces this month and sanctions imposed by the US in June on companies accused of fueling the conflict..

The measure freezes the assets of targeted individuals in the U.S., generally prevents Americans from doing business with them, and also exposes those who engage in certain transactions with them to economic sanctions..

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