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Record heat this summer.. Scientists: The worst is yet to come



Record heat this summer.. Scientists: The worst is yet to come

According to scientists at the University of Maine’s Climatic Analysis Program in the US, the current Fourth of July is the hottest day on Earth since records began 40 years ago, although scientists say the worst day is yet to come. Summers will be good compared to the temperature rise in the coming decades.

According to the siteFoxAccording to preliminary readings by US meteorologists, it has exceeded the planet’s average of 17°C for the first time.

According to the US website, the heat index in New York City approached 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.78 degrees Celsius) this week, a rise that pales in comparison to the 120 degrees Fahrenheit (48.89 degrees Celsius) that engulfed parts of Texas. At the end of last June, it broke records for the highest temperature in the United States, strained the power grid, and led thousands of residents to emergency rooms for treatment of heat-related illnesses before more than 10 patients died. .

Global average temperatures generally continue to rise until the end of July – metaphorical picture

At the end of June, more than 120 million Americans were under a heat warning, according to the National Weather Service.

Areas outside the US also experienced severe heat waves in the spring and summer. In April, temperatures in Spain reached 38°C; Later, parts of the country recorded a high of 43 degrees Celsius.

Temperatures in Beijing and other parts of China broke records in June, while the heat is said to have contributed to unprecedented wildfires in Canada.

From a scientific point of view, however, the record-breaking heat is nothing to be surprised about, but rather, it is exactly what scientists have long predicted in a warming world fueled by climate change, where fossil fuel emissions are warming the planet. and scorching heat waves.

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“(Current) temperature extremes are one of the most visible effects of global warming,” said John Nielsen-Common, a climate scientist at Texas A&M University.

The fire, which started on Sunday, continues to spread

In the coming years, heat waves like those in the US South and Europe are likely to worsen in general, so some experts believe this summer will be one of the coldest, albeit unbearably hot. For decades.

Why is it so hot right now?

On a local scale, heat waves — long periods of above-average temperatures — are often caused by high pressure in the atmosphere, which compresses and warms the air, says researcher Omir Arwan of the Fox website.

A high-pressure system pushes cold, fast-moving air currents outward, pushing clouds away and penetrating the ground unimpeded by the sun. structures, heat energy accumulates rapidly, leading to high temperatures.

This pressure area acts like a cooking pot lid, trapping the heat so it doesn’t dissipate, which is why heat waves are often referred to as “heat domes,” meaning the heat is trapped under the pressure dome.

This heat dome effect is responsible for Texas’ scorching temperatures.

However, there are much broader weather patterns that cause temperatures to rise in specific locations and regions, such as in the state, where large, fast-moving air currents known as the subtropical and polar jet streams appear to oscillate, and how this can affect its regions. Researcher Irfan says the entire country will be covered in blankets of heat.

Thousands are fleeing the heatwave to Britain’s beaches

There is also the El Niño phenomenon, which decreases the east-to-west winds and spreads warm water eastward, thereby “suffocating” cold water and raising global temperatures.

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Scientists say the El Nino phenomenon occurs in the Northern Hemisphere winter, and it takes months to feel its warming effect, meaning global temperatures are likely to set new records in 2024, but it may have already contributed. Heat waves at the start of this year’s season in Asia.

And all of these weather events are occurring on a warming planet. While the impact of El Niño (and its counterpart, La Niña) and the jet stream is difficult to predict, the broader effect of climate change is pretty clear: It will make heat waves more common, more intense, and more persistent.

Since the Industrial Revolution began, transportation, factories and power plants have raised Earth’s temperature by about 1.2 degrees Celsius (about 2 degrees Fahrenheit), while scientists say the blue planet could exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius. A significant drop in fossil fuel emissions or the spread of technologies to remove carbon dioxide from the air.

Although this increase appears modest, it increases the probability of extreme weather events. For example, the frequency of these climate developments grew from an average of two heat waves per year in the 1960s to six heat waves per year in 2010 and 2020. to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Meanwhile, a typical heat wave in major U.S. cities now lasts a day longer than it did a half-century ago, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

Heat waves that turn the world upside down

What can we expect for the rest of the summer?

“Unfortunately, we’re expecting a lot of warming from July to September,” says Nielsen-Kamen. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration expects above-average temperatures for most of the U.S., indicating that no part of the country is in the moderate range. Below average temperatures.

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Nielsen-Common says early summer heat waves can lead to a feedback loop, resulting in warmer temperatures later in the summer, especially in the South American plains.

The higher the air temperature, the drier the land, he explained, pointing out that there are less arid lands, eliminating the cooling effect of moisture.

The good news, according to the same researcher, is that meteorologists can predict extreme weather to some extent because they’ve shown that many places will heat up, so cities can theoretically prepare for it.

“Climate change is the main tool we have for predicting summer temperatures in the United States,” he concluded.

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The Gaza war will last more than a few weeks



The Gaza war will last more than a few weeks

Jerusalem / Abdel Raoub Arnaud / Anatolia

Hebrew newspaper Maariv said on Friday that Israeli army chief Herzey Halevy informed US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken on Thursday that the war in Gaza would take more than a few weeks.

Halevy’s words came in response to Blinken’s question on the matter, the newspaper quoted two Israeli sources familiar with Thursday’s meeting with the Israeli military cabinet in West Jerusalem.

He said: “Blinken raised the issue on his own initiative, and how long the Israeli army’s operation in Gaza is expected to continue in its current scope, which includes very large ground forces.”

According to the newspaper: “Blinken explained that (US President Joe) Biden’s administration is concerned that continued Israeli military action in Gaza, especially with the scale and intensity it is currently taking, will significantly increase international pressure. On Israel and America.”

He continued: “According to the sources, Blinken asked Israel to take additional measures to ensure that the operation in the southern Gaza Strip does not cause serious harm to civilians.”

It reported that Halevy responded that “the IDF’s operation in Gaza, including in the southern region, is expected to continue for more than a few weeks.”

Maariv pointed out that the Biden administration “has yet to call for a cease-fire in the Gaza Strip, or demand that Israel cease military action.”

He added: “But there is deep concern in Washington about the resumption of military action in the Gaza Strip after the (temporary) ceasefire that ended on Friday morning, especially about the (anticipated) Israeli military action in the south of the Gaza Strip, home to two million Palestinians.

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He added: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Defense Minister Yoav Gallant and Levy told Blinken that ground operations in southern Gaza would be less harmful to civilians than airstrikes.”

On Friday morning, a temporary cease-fire in the Gaza Strip ended on November 24 with Qatari-Egyptian mediation and lasted for 7 days, during which prisoners were exchanged and humanitarian aid brought into the enclave of about 2.3 million people. Palestinians.

During the pre-ceasefire round, the Israeli military repeated its messages, which asked residents of the northern Gaza Strip to move to the southern Gaza Strip, but targeted the displaced in areas and roads it said were “safe”. It committed documented massacres, which met with international and international condemnation.

Since last October 7, Israel has been waging a devastating war in the Gaza Strip that has caused massive infrastructural destruction and tens of thousands of civilian casualties, most of them children and women, in addition to an unprecedented humanitarian disaster, according to an official Palestinian official. and UN

The message published on the official page of Anadolu Agency is a summary of a part of the message shown to subscribers via the News Streaming System (HAS). To register with the agency, please contact the following link.

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Martyrs and Injured in Israeli Attacks on Gaza After the End of the Ceasefire | news



Martyrs and Injured in Israeli Attacks on Gaza After the End of the Ceasefire |  news


4 Palestinians were killed and several others injured in attacks by the Israeli occupation army in different areas of Gaza.Clashes erupted on multiple axes in the area minutes after the end of a week-long humanitarian ceasefire. And its extension has not been announced.

Al Jazeera’s correspondent in Gaza reported martyrs and wounded as a result of an Israeli attack targeting a house in central Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip.

The 4-day ceasefire that started last Friday was extended twice and ended today at 7 am local time.

The Israeli military said it had resumed operations against the Palestinian Islamist movement (Hamas) in Gaza, accusing the movement of violating ceasefire terms and firing into Israel. Gaza

The Israeli military confirmed that its warplanes were bombing all areas of the Gaza Strip, and military radio quoted a senior political source as saying, “We are back to fighting with full force and no negotiations have been held to release the abductees.”

Al Jazeera’s correspondent monitored the Israeli offensive in the northwest of the Gaza Strip and artillery attacks targeting various parts of Gaza City. He confirmed that clashes broke out between the opposition and occupation forces in more than one area in Gaza City and the northern Gaza Strip. He said the Israeli strike targeted a site near Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis, south of the Gaza Strip.

The reporter confirmed that casualties were reported as a result of Israeli strikes and artillery fire in various parts of Gaza.

The government media office in Gaza announced a series of raids targeting the south of the Strip, while Gaza’s Interior Ministry confirmed that Israeli aircraft had targeted the town of Abasan east of Khan Yunis and a house in the Abu Iskandar area in the northwest. of Gaza City.

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The seven-day ceasefire allowed for the exchange of prisoners from occupied prisons to Palestinian prisoners in Gaza, and facilitated the entry of humanitarian aid into the Strip.

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Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court visits Israel



Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court visits Israel

Hack – AFP

The International Criminal Court announced Thursday that public prosecutor Karim Khan traveled to Israel “at the request and invitation” of survivors and families of victims of the October 7 Hamas attack.

The court explained through the “X” site that the visit was “not investigative in nature” but it “represented an important opportunity to express sympathy and initiate dialogue for all the victims.”

Khan is scheduled to travel to Ramallah in the West Bank, where he will meet with senior Palestinian officials, the court said.

Since October 7, Israel has launched a military campaign in the Gaza Strip, killing more than 15,000 people, including more than 6,000 children.

The International Criminal Court, established in 2002 to prosecute the world’s worst atrocities, began investigating possible war crimes in the Palestinian territories in 2021, including possible crimes committed by Israeli forces, Hamas and other armed Palestinian factions.

Khan announced that his mandate would include crimes committed during the current war. But the tribunal’s teams could not enter Gaza and were not allowed to conduct trials in Israel, which is not a member of the tribunal.

The five signatories to the International Criminal Court’s founding treaty requested an inquiry into the “situation of the State of Palestine,” Khan announced, explaining that he had gathered “a large amount of information.” Both sides could face war crimes charges, legal experts said.

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