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Why did the West agree to remove “condemnation of Russian aggression against Ukraine” from the G20 report?



Why did the West agree to remove “condemnation of Russian aggression against Ukraine” from the G20 report?

The newspaper reportedFinancial TimesBritish officials attending the G20 summit in India said in a final statement that talks on the Ukrainian crisis “needed until midnight on Friday before a compromise could be reached”.

The newspaper said, “After 5 days of difficult discussions, Western delegations agreed to the deal, described by some observers as a blatant concession.”

The United States agreed with the European Union and other Western allies to remove Russian President Vladimir Putin’s “condemnation of war” against Ukraine from the summit statement in exchange for pledges by all G20 nations, including Russia and China, to “respect Ukraine’s borders.” Honesty, and work towards a fair settlement.

“This settlement is a major setback,” said Sarang Sidor, director of the Global South Program at the Quincy Institute.

According to experts, “Despite the absence of Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin at the summit, the willingness of Western allies to reach a solution highlights the level of their interest in preserving the credibility of the gathering, which has come under severe pressure since Kremlin forces invaded Ukraine 18 months ago.”

A senior EU official said: “If we’re going to write the text, that’s a completely different matter. It’s a global consensus-building process, so if there’s a solution, we’ll do it.”

In the same vein, US Deputy National Security Adviser John Weiner said, “The world’s major economies, including Brazil, India and South Africa, are united in the need to uphold international law and Russia’s need to respect international law.”

Russia’s chief negotiator hailed the statement – which also calls for a return to the Black Sea grain deal Moscow withdrew from – as “balanced”.

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“It’s nothing to be proud of.” Ukraine has criticized the announcement of the G20 summit

Ukraine’s foreign ministry said on Saturday that the G20 summit’s joint declaration was “nothing to be proud of”, criticizing the speech for not mentioning Russia.

However, Ukraine on Saturday condemned the change in rhetoric, describing it as “nothing to be proud of”.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Oleg Nikolenko posted a photo of the joint declaration on Ukraine, with several parts of the text redacted with red crosses and words reflecting Kiev’s position of “victim of unprovoked Russian aggression”.

“It is clear that the participation of the Ukrainian side in the G20 meeting would have allowed the participants to better understand the situation,” Nikolenko wrote on Facebook.

Despite his disappointment with the G20 declaration in general, Nikolenko thanked Ukraine’s allies “for their role in pushing Kiev’s position on the report.”

“Ukraine thanks the partners who tried to include strong formulations in the text,” he added.

Surprised by Modi

According to experts and observers, after conceding that “they cannot force Putin alone to back down from the invasion,” the “New Delhi Declaration” “represents a far-reaching effort by Washington, the European Union and other Western capitals to create a common ground with the world’s most powerful developing economies.”

The report is an unexpected victory for Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who is gearing up for parliamentary elections next year.

Analysts explained, “Modi’s decision to turn the rotating chairmanship of the G20 into a year-long platform to promote India’s culture, achieve foreign political goals and position his country as a leader of the so-called developing countries of the South has borne fruit,” according to the newspaper.

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On the agenda of the G20 summit: 10 developing countries in the grip of debt problems

During the G20 summit in Delhi this month, the ongoing debt crisis facing many of the developing world and its consequences will be a major topic.

Sheetur said: “It is clear that Washington has gone the extra mile to ensure that its rich and close ally, India, is not embarrassed. Had the US insisted on condemning Putin, this would have been the first G20 summit without a joint declaration.”

Since India assumed the G20 presidency in December, working groups comprising central bank governors and ministers from education, health, tourism and other sectors have been trying to break the deadlock in reaching a joint declaration for this weekend’s leaders’ summit. Last November, Indonesia condemned Russian “aggression” against Ukraine.

Western diplomats expressed their desire to reach a compromise on “dropping references to Russian ‘aggression’, an agreement by China and others to stop attacks on infrastructure, a return to the ‘grains in the Black Sea’ initiative, and the preservation of regional integrity.”

“This settlement shows the great ability of both the Prime Minister and India to bring together all developing countries, all emerging markets, all developed countries, China and Russia to reach a consensus,” Amitabh Kant, India’s chief negotiator at the G20, told a news release. Conference on Sunday.

“All 83 paragraphs of the Joint Declaration were accepted 100 percent, including 8 paragraphs on geopolitical issues,” Kant warned.

India managed to “secure the African Union’s accession to the G20, with a commitment to multilateral banking reform, progress in regulating cryptocurrencies and debt restructuring of highly indebted countries”.

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For his part, French President Emmanuel Macron tried to downplay the resolution in the report, saying the G20 was “not an arena for political discussions”.

“We are here to talk mainly about economic issues and climate change,” Macron added to reporters after the summit.

He added: “We disagree on the Ukraine crisis, and Russia is a member of the G20. However, this is not the main place where this problem is resolved.”

On the other hand, other Western representatives insisted that “a written settlement would support their countries’ efforts to persuade developing countries to pressure Moscow to end the war.”

A senior EU official said: “This is not the end of the debate. But it is another starting point in the right direction,” the British newspaper reported.

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Only since the beginning of this year… has the UN been concerned about migrants trying to cross the “death trap”.



Only since the beginning of this year… has the UN been concerned about migrants trying to cross the “death trap”.

More than 2,500 migrants have died or gone missing trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Europe since the start of 2023, an official from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees announced on Thursday.

“As of September 24, more than 2,500 people are dead or missing,” said Rubin Menegtivela, director of the UNHCR office in New York, during a Security Council meeting dedicated to the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean. That represents a nearly 50 percent increase compared to “1,680” people during the same period in 2022.

“Without public opinion, lives are being lost on the ground,” he asserted.

He pointed out that “the journey to West or East Africa and the Horn of Africa and Libya and the starting points on the coast is one of the most dangerous journeys in the world.”

He added, “Refugees and migrants traveling overland from sub-Saharan Africa face the risk of death and serious human rights violations at every step.”

According to statistics announced by Ruffin Minisdiola, between the beginning of the year and September 24, 2023, a total of 186,000 migrants arrived in Southern Europe (Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Malta), including 130,000 for Italy, “an increase of 83 percent compared to the same period in 2022.

In terms of countries of departure, between the beginning of the year and August 2023, more than 102,000 migrants tried to cross the Mediterranean Sea from Tunisia, and 45,000 from Libya.

Of this number, 31,000 were rescued at sea or intercepted and disembarked in Tunisia, and 10,600 are in Libya.

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Referring to the recent influx of large numbers of migrants to the Italian island of Lampedusa, the official stressed that “Italy cannot respond alone to the needs” of these migrants.

UN refugee agency to “establish a regional mechanism for the evacuation and redistribution” of migrants arriving by sea. Menaktivela reiterated the High Commissioner’s call, which raises disagreements among EU member states.

For his part, Russian Ambassador to the United Nations Vasily Nebenzia, who requested the meeting, denounced the EU for its role in the “death trap” in the Mediterranean.

The ambassador said: “We have the impression that the European Union is waging an undeclared war against migrants because they have no other, safe route.”

“The European Union only cares about the migration issue when it comes to Ukrainians,” Nebenzia added, expressing her regret that other migrants do not enjoy “the same level of solidarity”.

As for French Ambassador Nicolas de Riviere, referring to Russian contributions to UNHCR’s budget, he said, “Russia is not, as always, when it comes to responding decisively to humanitarian crises.”

He added, “Wagner’s presence in the Sahel region contributes to the instability of the region, which fuels terrorism and leads to the migration of residents.”

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US punishes former Sudanese foreign minister



US punishes former Sudanese foreign minister

On Thursday, the United States imposed sanctions on former Sudanese foreign minister Ali Karti, one of which was based in Russia, and accused him of exacerbating instability in Sudan, where fighting has claimed thousands of lives and displaced millions of civilians. ..

The move is the latest round of sanctions imposed by Washington since fighting broke out in Sudan in mid-April between the military and Rapid Support Forces..

Brian Nelson, the Treasury Department’s undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, said in a statement that “the action will be held accountable for those who undermined efforts to find a peaceful and democratic solution in Sudan.”

He added: “We will continue to target those who work to perpetuate this conflict for personal gain.”

The Treasury Department said it targeted Karti, who was foreign minister under former President Omar al-Bashir, noting that Karti became head of the Sudanese Islamic Movement after al-Bashir was ousted in 2019..

Karti has been a prominent figure among the veterans and loyalists of Bashir’s regime since the Sudanese army seized power in 2021 and overthrew the civilian area..

The Treasury Department added: “(Karthi) and other Sudanese militants are actively obstructing efforts to reach a ceasefire to end the current war.”

Also sanctioned was Sudan-based GSK Advance, which the Treasury Department said was used as a procurement vehicle for Rapid Support Forces..

The company is said to be coordinating with Russia-based military supply company Avia Trade, which has been targeted by sanctions, to arrange for the purchase of spare parts and supplies for drones previously purchased by Rapid Support Forces. Training work..

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US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in a separate statement that Washington moved this week to impose visa restrictions on people it considers part of efforts to undermine the democratic transition in Sudan..

The new sanctions come after actions taken against the deputy commander of the Rapid Support Forces this month and sanctions imposed by the US in June on companies accused of fueling the conflict..

The measure freezes the assets of targeted individuals in the U.S., generally prevents Americans from doing business with them, and also exposes those who engage in certain transactions with them to economic sanctions..

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70 percent.. comments on the Kremlin’s huge increase in defense spending



70 percent.. comments on the Kremlin’s huge increase in defense spending

The Kremlin said on Thursday that a massive increase in defense spending planned for next year was “absolutely necessary” after a Russian Finance Ministry document released on Thursday said Moscow would increase its defense budget by about 70 percent by 2024. to pour more resources into its war on Ukraine.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said: “Since we are in a state of hybrid warfare, continuing a special military operation, it is clear that such an escalation is necessary and very necessary,” referring to Moscow’s extensive invasion of Ukraine. , “I refer to the hybrid war launched against us.” “.

Defense spending is expected to increase by more than 68 percent year-on-year to reach 10.8 trillion rubles ($111.15 billion), which is 6 percent of GDP and more than allocated spending. Social policy.

Agence France-Presse calculated that by 2024, defense spending is expected to be three times higher than spending on education, environmental protection and health care.

“The focus of economic policy is shifting from an anti-crisis agenda to promoting national development goals,” the finance ministry said in the document.

The increase in defense spending comes as the central bank warned that economic growth will slow in the second half of 2023, with inflation rising above the bank’s target of 4 percent.

It is a newspaperLe MondeAccording to the working sessions on the budget of the Russian Federation next year, Moscow is working to strengthen its financial resources, as the French previously indicated that next year’s Russian defense budget will reach 107 billion euros (over 112 billion dollars). or 6 percent. in gross domestic product.

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The newspaper described the nearly 70 percent increase as “astounding.”

“War of priority.” 36 Trillion Ruble Budget Exposes Putin’s Plans

Russia plans to increase government spending by more than 25 percent in the next fiscal year over the current year, amid expectations that the Kremlin will raise more money to support an invasion of Ukraine by Kremlin forces, according to a report in the British newspaper “Financial Times.”

The newspaper confirmed that defense spending in the war budget for 2023 was 63 billion euros ($66 billion), or 3.9 percent of Russia’s GDP, while military spending was the same in 2021, based on figures from the Bloomberg agency. 2.7 percent of GDP.

It is a newspaperFinancial TimesA British newspaper reported last week that Russia plans to increase government spending by more than 25 percent in the next fiscal year over the current year.

The 36.6 trillion ruble ($383 billion) budget presented by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin lists “strengthening the country’s defense capabilities” as a top priority, as well as supporting the “unification of new territories” illegally annexed last time from Ukraine. year.

The plans also highlight “social support for the most vulnerable groups,” a sign that the Kremlin wants to boost spending on pensions and social security ahead of presidential elections next March.

According to experts, Vladimir Putin, who has ruled Russia for 24 years as president or prime minister, is trying to win these elections to extend his rule until at least 2030.

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