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7 Healthy Foods Between Foods That Promote Weight Loss



7 Healthy Foods Between Foods That Promote Weight Loss

Although 3 years have passed since the “Covid-19” pandemic spread across the world since late 2019; According to the World Health Organization, 288,631,129 confirmed cases have been reported worldwide, including 5,458,545 deaths, with massive post-pandemic consequences among the general population, particularly vulnerable groups.

There are many reasons associated with the epidemic, in particular: high disease prevalence and death rate, unknown and unpredictable nature of the disease, lack of effective medical treatment (at the beginning of the epidemic), conflicting messages, stigma, home quarantine, restriction of travel and contact with friends and relatives, widespread prohibition, and fear of financial losses and contagion.

Awareness campaign, based on several studies (Pareega et al., 2021; Bueno-Notivole et al., 2021; Forte et al., 2020; Huremovic 2019.), there is evidence that high-risk groups such as the elderly, obese individuals. , smokers and pregnant women with HIV and patients with comorbidities including cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, rheumatoid arthritis, hormonal and various types of cancer are more likely to experience “post-infectious” effects.

Last Monday, under the umbrella of the Saudi Society for Family and Community Medicine in collaboration with “Saudi Pfizer”, an awareness campaign on “post-epidemic management of (Covid-19) among high-risk groups of patients” was launched. Company. A press conference was held under the chairmanship of Dr. Hani Al-Hashemi, Medical Director, Internal Medicine, Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplant Consultant at “Saudi Pfizer”. The objectives of this campaign are to define the dimensions of coexistence in the post-epidemic phase, including prevention of diseases, practicing as normal a life as possible, enjoying quality of life and attaining a state of perfect health and complete wellness, physical, psychological and spiritual.

A panel of consultants with expertise in the field participated in the conference. We present a summary of the most important topics discussed at the conference.


> Coexistence of patients with chronic diseases: Dr. Ashraf Amir, Consultant Family Medicine, Vice President, Saudi Society for Family and Community Medicine, participated in the conference. In the post-epidemic phase.” He emphasized that the world will not return to the way it did after the “Covid-19” pandemic.

He said that the “corona” epidemic is not over yet, but we are living in a phase where we are living with the epidemic. We must continue to apply safety requirements and protect at-risk groups, while finding safe ways and preventive measures that give them the opportunity to enjoy life without injury and quality of life and well-being.

Society should be aware of groups at risk of contracting the “Covid-19” virus, namely: the elderly, patients with chronic diseases (respiratory diseases, heart diseases, diabetes and obesity) and oncology patients undergoing chemotherapy and immunosuppression. Medicines.

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It is also necessary to diagnose and provide treatment and psychological and social support for mental disorders caused by the disease of the elderly during epidemics, emphasizing the importance of “Covid-19” and other vaccines. Ministry of Health to ensure comprehensive protection for individuals and society.

Dr. Amir added that the severity of symptoms of Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19) varies greatly from person to person. Mild cases account for 40 percent, moderate cases for 40 percent, severe cases for 15 percent, and critical cases for only 5 percent. Also patients suffering from chronic diseases that can be affected by “Covid-19” virus are chest diseases, high blood pressure, immune diseases, kidney diseases, cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

Therefore, the reports of the World Health Organization indicate that the mortality rate of “Covid-19” infection, according to existing health problems, is as follows:

Cardiovascular diseases (10.5%) Diabetes (7.3%) Chronic respiratory diseases (6.3%) Hypertension (6%) Carcinomas (5.6%) No medical condition (0.9%)

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Preventive measures

> Importance of prevention for the elderly: Dr. Amir pointed out that the possibility of serious symptoms increases with age. The risk increases in this group especially when people over 75 years of age have other health problems due to the weakness of the immune system, lack of immune cells and slow immune response and the possibility of many chronic diseases. and poor functioning of vital systems in the elderly.

According to age groups, the mortality rate of “Covid-19” infection is as follows: over 80 years (14.8 percent), over 50-79 years (12.9 percent), 20-49 years (0.8 percent), 0-19 years (0.2 percent).

How to protect the elderly from the risk of infection caused by the “Covid-19” virus?

Avoid gatherings as much as possible.

Avoid close contact with someone who has symptoms of the emerging “corona” virus.

– Continue to wash your hands frequently with soap and water, use hand sanitizer after sneezing or coughing, and before cooking or eating.

– Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.

Continued preventive measures: Cover mouth and nose with a tissue or elbow when coughing or sneezing, and wash hands with soap and water for 40 seconds with soap and water or an alcohol-based sanitizer. Unavailable for 20 seconds.

– In case of chronic diseases, prescribed medicines should be taken regularly.

> Protection of respiratory patients: “Covid-19” virus targets the lungs. Therefore, a person is more likely to develop severe symptoms if they already have chronic lung disease: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – lung cancer – cystic fibrosis – pulmonary fibrosis – moderate to severe asthma attacks – pulmonary hypertension.

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> Prevention of heart patients: Many heart diseases aggravate the symptoms of “Covid-19” virus in the patient. These include: cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, heart failure and coronary artery disease.

> Prevention of diabetes and obesity: Diabetes and obesity generally increase the risk of infection, weaken the efficiency of the human immune system and reduce the ability to fight infections.

> Steps for Living with Chronic Illnesses After “Covid-19” Pandemic:

– Emphasis should be placed on the use of preventive measures, hand washing and disinfection, physical distancing and wearing masks.

Maintaining contact with children and parents.

Make sure they take their medications on time and stick to their treatment plan.

A commitment to follow up with the medical appointments they need.

Make sure they get enough rest.

Add fluids and fiber to their diet.

“Covid effects

> Effects of “Covid-19” on patients suffering from chronic diseases: Dr. Raja Muhammad Al-Radadi, Preventive Medicine Consultant, Associate Professor at King Abdulaziz University, Member of the Board of Directors of the Saudi Epidemiology Society and Director of the Society’s office in Jeddah, participated in the conference. He explained that chronic diseases are medical conditions that last for a year or more, require ongoing medical attention, and arise from a group of genetic, physiological, environmental, and behavioral factors. Four major chronic diseases:

Cardiovascular diseases (eg: heart attack and stroke).

– Crabs.

Chronic respiratory diseases (eg: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma).

Diabetes, high blood pressure.

“Covid-19” brings together chronic diseases and infectious diseases, which because infectious and chronic diseases interact, “Covid-19” patients are more likely to develop severe symptoms and have an increased risk of hospitalization. and death. Most of those who died from the “Covid-19” pandemic were suffering from previously diagnosed chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer.

Accordingly, the current risks of the “Covid-19” pandemic must be understood and understood, especially with regard to those most at risk due to chronic diseases that increase the risk of contracting “Covid-19”. The patient should go to the nearest hospital. Initiate treatment as soon as possible within 5 days of the onset of symptoms as recommended by the WHO-China Collaborative Work.

> Current Situation of “Covid-19”: Dr. Raja Al-Radadi cited a study conducted in Saudi Arabia that showed that about 80 percent of hospitalized “Covid-19” patients suffered from at least one chronic disease. disease The combined effects of chronic and infectious diseases highlight the need to vaccinate patients with chronic diseases and progress toward complete protection.

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He explained that the severity of symptoms of infection with the “Covid-19” virus has now become very different from one person to another. Some people may have no symptoms. Others are so ill that they need to be hospitalized and may become dependent on artificial respiration.

The risk of developing severe symptoms due to the “Covid-19” virus infection increases in the elderly. People of all ages may be at increased risk for other health problems such as heart disease, lung disease, weakened immune systems, obesity and diabetes. This is similar to what happens in other respiratory illnesses like the flu.

> “Covid-19” cycle:

– Symptoms appear after 5-6 days of infection, and with the use of medicines, the infected person recovers after 14 days.

– If the drug is not used, the symptoms will worsen and increase in intensity after 7 days, and this may correspond to recovery after 2-5 weeks or death after 42 days.

> Treatment of “Covid-19” in patients suffering from chronic diseases:

– Currently, there is a treatment available for “Covid-19” that is taken orally. If a patient suffering from chronic diseases experiences any symptoms, or the test result is positive for “Covid-19”, the patient should go to the nearest hospital. Hospital, and start treatment in the first place. 5 days after onset of symptoms.

– Ministry of Health guidelines recommend the use of oral “COVID-19” treatment for 5 days, for 5 days, for sick children under 12 years of age weighing ≥ 40 kilograms. Severe “Covid-19” virus. A moderate risk of disease progression is high.

– The Ministry of Health was keen to strengthen and support all health care facilities, impose infection control measures, monitor the skills and abilities of health workers, monitor isolation beds and medical supplies.

– It also worked on developing a diagnostic and treatment protocol for “Covid-19” patients, and provided necessary support to health facilities by securing all requirements for providing high-quality health care, regardless of eligibility for treatment. The Ministry of Health continues vaccination activities with doses of the “Covid-19” vaccine, and emphasizes the importance of vaccination for patients who are most vulnerable to infection.

Community Medical Consultant

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5 thousand infections…a disease in the Red Sea terrorizing the citizens



5 thousand infections…a disease in the Red Sea terrorizing the citizens

In the Red Sea state of Sudan, following the recent outbreak of dengue fever, there is panic among adults and children, especially children, the elderly and pregnant women. Doctors Syndicate in the country revealed the number of victims. So far 3 to 5 thousand people have been affected by this disease.

Sirin Abdel Monim, a member of the Sudan Medical Syndicate, said that the number of dengue fever infections in Port Sudan, the capital of the Red Sea state, and in the state in general, was high, with the majority among children. , the elderly and pregnant women, “The number of infections in the Red Sea State is not less than three thousand to five thousand, and in Sudan there are about a thousand cases, most of them children.” The Arab World News Agency said:

A member of the doctors’ syndicate added, “About two thousand children have been infected with fever in Port Sudan city, and at least 600 of them have been confirmed to be infected with dengue fever.” It comes from medical sources and medical assistants. Several states in Sudan have warned of the risk of dengue and cholera outbreaks.

Dengue fever is spreading in Sudan

Last August, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees issued a statement expressing concern over the poor sanitary conditions in Sudan’s refugee camps, border entry points and temporary reception centers in neighboring countries.

Dengue fever has been spreading for more than 5 months in the fighting between the Sudanese army and rapid support forces on the fifteenth of April. Problems hindering the provision of services to patients until the outbreak of war.

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What does science say about “Carrot Claws”.. “Tik Tok Challenge”?



What does science say about “Carrot Claws”.. “Tik Tok Challenge”?

A beauty trend called “carrot tanning” is gaining popularity on the TikTok app. It claims that eating three carrots a day will give you a “natural tan”. What is the truth in this? Is it healthy?

Why does carrot affect skin tone?

Carotenoids are natural pigments that give fruits and vegetables their red, orange, and yellow colors.Scientific alert“.

Contains many carotenoids including lutein, lycopene, alpha carotene and beta carotene.

Beta-carotene is responsible for the orange color of carotene.

Once food containing beta-carotene is digested, special cells in the gut break it down into two molecules of retinol (also known as vitamin A).

Vitamin A is then used in many vital body functions such as vision, reproduction, immunity and growth.

The body regulates the conversion of beta-carotene to vitamin A based on what it needs.

Any excess beta-carotene is stored in the liver and adipose tissue, excreted through the feces, or removed through the sweat glands in the outer layer of the skin.

This can cause an orange “tanning” of the skin, which is medically known as “tanning”.Carotenoderma“.

Carotinoderma gives your skin a yellow/orange color that is different from the same color it turns from sunlight.

Tanning is concentrated on the palms, soles and smile lines near the nose.

Can carrots change skin color?

Eating large amounts of carrots for several days is unlikely to cause skin discoloration.

But there is evidence that caroteroderma appears when blood levels rise above 250-500 µg/dL.

“revealed”Previous course“Eating three kilograms of carrots a week, which is equivalent to about seven large carrots a day, causes changes in skin color.

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Other experts recommend that you eat at least ten carrots a day for at least a few weeks to see color changes, according to the website.Cleveland Clinic“.

Is there a risk?

There is some evidence for taking supplementsBeta caroteneIn high doses (20 mg or more per day) it increases the risk of lung cancer in cigarette smokers or smokers.

Hence, it is recommendedCancer CouncilAvoid high-dose beta-carotene supplements (more than 20 mg per day), especially if you smoke.

But it’s not about whole foods, so smokers should eat fruits and vegetables that contain beta-carotene.

And you can use food to look good without focusing on eating carrots.

Including lots of colorful vegetables in your diet, especially those rich in carotenoids, can promote a natural glow and smooth improvement in skin tone.

A variety of fresh vegetables provide a variety of nutrients, and some may lack in others.

Hence, it is important to follow a balanced diet that does not depend on one type of vegetable.

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For women… a device that tracks your fertility through sweat



For women… a device that tracks your fertility through sweat

Back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the world in general, and the most common in the United States. Anyone can suffer from back pain and almost everyone will suffer from back pain at some point in their life.

back pain

Back pain is the most common physical pain of all. Every day, about two percent of people are disabled by back pain, which makes them unable to perform daily tasks. In the United States alone, 80 to 90 percent of people suffer from back pain at some point in their lives.

Back pain can start mild and cause some discomfort, or it can become so bad that it interferes with normal life and can make you unable to go to work.

There are many possible causes of back pain, and it is wise to see a healthcare provider to find the cause and seek treatment instead of guessing and self-diagnosing. It may have common causes such as muscle cramps or an underlying condition such as kidney stones, a herniated disc or inflammation of the lining of the back.In women, the uterus.

Treatment varies depending on the cause and symptoms, and there are many factors involved. However, there are steps you can take to improve your health and reduce your chances of developing chronic or long-term back pain.

According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), back pain is the second most common reason for visits to health care providers (after the common cold).

Prof. Mohamed Melhem Arouz

Types of back pain

According to the Cleveland Clinic, back pain is classified by medical professionals in several ways. Depending on the location of the pain, you may describe back pain as: pain in the left, middle, upper, middle or lower back, or right side. Different types of pain may be identified by the health care provider, such as mild, moderate, or severe pain. The pain may be like a sharp stab or a specific ache.

Back pain can also be classified by how long it lasts. Back pain can last for a day, a few weeks, months, or a lifetime. It can be either an acute attack (in the form of a sudden and short attack, often associated with an injury) or chronic/persistent pain, meaning pain lasting between 3 and 6 months.

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Injury risk factors

Who is at risk for back pain? There are several factors that increase the risk of developing back pain, and they may include:

* Fitness level: Back pain is more common in people who are not physically fit. For example, weak back and abdominal muscles may not support the spine properly (core strength). Back pain can be exacerbated by prolonged inactivity (excessive) exercise.

* Weight gain: A diet high in calories and fat, combined with an inactive lifestyle, can lead to obesity, which can put more strain on the back.

*Work-related risk factors: Jobs that involve lifting, pushing, pulling or twisting heavy objects can lead to back injury. A desk job can also play a role, especially if you have poor posture or sit in an uncomfortable chair all day.

* Stress condition: If you suffer from poor sleep, chronic depression or anxiety, back pain can be frequent and severe.

* Genetics: Genetics play a role in some disorders that cause back pain.

* Age: The older you get, the more likely you are to suffer from back pain, especially after the age of 45. A person is at high risk if:

– He doesn’t exercise.

– You already have arthritis or a type of cancer.

– He is overweight.

– Lifts heavy objects using the back instead of the legs.

– He suffers from anxiety or depression.

– Smoking or using other tobacco products.

Local and diffuse pain

What causes back pain? Back pain can be localized, such as pain in the spine, muscles, and other tissues in the back, or diffuse, such as pain caused by a problem in an organ that radiates or feels like it is in the back. It contains Examples of both include:

* Localized back pain: The cause may be in the spine, for example:

Herniated disc or herniated nucleus pulposus (disc) – Degenerative spondylolisthesis – Intervertebral disc degeneration – Radiculopathy – Arthritis – Sacroiliac joint dysfunction – Intervertebral disc degeneration – Spinal stenosis – Spondylolisthesis – Muscle stiffness – Muscle stiffness – Muscle spasm / Muscle stiffness.

* Common back pain, for example: aneurysms of blood vessels, abdominal aortic aneurysms – appendicitis – cancer (very rare) – fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndrome – infections (very rare) – cholecystitis – kidney infections and kidney stones – liver problems – inflammation of the pancreas – pelvis Inflammatory diseases (sexually transmitted diseases) – Perforated stomach ulcers – Urinary tract infections.

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* In women, common causes of back pain are: endometriosis – pregnancy – uterine fibroids.

* Among those assigned male at birth (AMAB), presenting with back pain may be due to testicular injury or torsion.

Slip disc

A herniated disc is one of the causes of back pain. What are its causes? And its symptoms? And treatment methods? Can it be avoided or prevented?

Professor Mohamed Melhem Arouz, senior consultant in neurosurgery, spine surgery and minimally invasive surgery and senior consultant in chronic pain management, spoke to “Your Health” and he initially provided a simple overview of the anatomy of the spine. Of the 33 vertebrae: 7 cervical vertebrae. That is, between each vertebra and the other, there is a cartilage called “disc”.

The function of this “disc” is to act as a cushion between the vertebrae, protecting the spine by absorbing shocks from it. Cartilage, or the disc, consists of a gelatinous substance surrounded by an outer fibrous belt that prevents the disc from moving or slipping out of place.

Causes of disc pain:

*Unspecified causes; This results in pain where:

– Lack of movement and weakness of trunk muscles.

– Muscle tension as a result of incorrect and excessive continuous loads.

– Long and long hours of sitting without movement (sitting in front of the computer), driving for long periods of time.

– Overweight and obesity.

– Hard physical labor on the one hand.

– Stress and stress such as stress in work and studies.

– Changes in pain perception and genetic predisposition.

– Family and financial problems, constant anxiety and self-doubt.

* Back pain due to identifiable physical causes, for example:

– Acute herniated disc.

– Vertebral fractures for various reasons, including: accidents – osteoporosis – metastases and tumors – infections – spinal canal stenosis (central, peripheral, lateral, central and peripheral).

– Inflammatory diseases of the spine.

– Inflammatory rheumatic diseases (Pekterov’s syndrome).

Nucleus pulposus herniation occurs at all ages and peaks between 40 and 50. 70 percent male and 30 percent female. waist; About 90 percent, cervical vertebrae about 10 percent, and thoracic vertebrae about one percent.

Symptoms and diagnosis

* Symptoms of Herniated Disc:

– Pain in back and lower back.

– Pain extending to knee and leg or forearm and hand with tingling, numbness, loss of sensation in leg or arm, or paralysis-like sensation. In advanced cases, there are problems with urination and excretion.

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* How is a herniated disc diagnosed?

Professor Muhammad Melhem Aras emphasizes the importance of arriving early and on time for the final diagnosis, which leads to a good outcome and gives the patient a greater chance to avoid further harm, and the diagnosis depends on:

– Medical history of the injured person and his family.

– Medical diagnosis.

– General examinations and blood tests.

– Radiography (computed tomography – magnetic resonance imaging).

– Nerve planning.

After diagnosing the disease, a treatment plan is drawn up, specifying that each patient needs his own treatment plan consistent with his symptoms and clinical and radiological status.

The fourth and fifth steps are usually the last resort when the patient is in critical condition due to paralysis, urinary incontinence, defecation problems, foot drop etc.

Herniated disc treatment

Treatment options for a herniated disc are divided into 5 categories:

* Conservative treatments, including: physical therapy – ultrasound therapy – electrotherapy – heat and cryotherapy – magnetic field therapy – swimming.

* Drug treatments, including: first-class analgesics (ibuprofen, Ticlac) – second-class analgesics with moderate morphine (tilidine, tramadol) – third-class analgesics with high concentrations of morphine.

* Minimal treatments without surgery:

– Injection of nerves and nerve roots directed through the CT system.

– Epidural directed injection (medullary membranes).

– Catheter directed to the affected disc.

– Endoscopic catheter directed to disc.

– Laser guided therapy (rays).

– Plasma guided therapy (PRP).

– Radiofrequency guided therapy (radio-frequency).

– Stem cell targeted therapy (under trial).

* Various micro surgeries.

* Final treatments for postoperative pain (final rate).


When should back pain be admitted to the emergency department?

When it happens:

– Sudden and severe pain.

– Pain with nausea, fever or vomiting and lack of bowel or urinary control.

– The pain is so severe that it interferes with daily activities.

The Cleveland Clinic offers the following advice: Back pain can be very frustrating and interfere with everyday life. But remember that there are many treatment options available to treat back pain and return to normal daily activities.

See your healthcare providers to discuss your options. They are here to help you.

* Community Medical Consultant

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