Monday, July 15, 2024

Algerian gas turbines await global experience.. What’s the story?


Algerian gas turbines await results of global trials that could revolutionize markets. It decarbonises the energy sector and supports the country’s efforts to achieve carbon neutrality targets.

The European Hyflexpower consortium – which includes French companies Engie, German Siemens Energy and British Centrax – has succeeded in testing the first hydrogen-powered gas turbine at a paper factory site near the French city of Limoges.

As the Special Energy Platform decided in connection with this test, it could open the door for Algerian gas turbines – manufactured locally through a partnership between Sonalgas and General Electric – to switch to hydrogen, expanding its production in Algeria and exporting it. It is abroad.

Algeria aims to become a regional and international leader in the production and marketing of hydrogen and its renewable and clean derivatives; It wants to leverage its technological capabilities and competitive advantage to produce and export 30 to 40 terawatt hours of gaseous and liquid hydrogen and its derivatives, and by 2040 it wants to supply around 10% to the European market. Competitive selling price. It brings in $10 billion a year.

European market

Algerian gas turbines are positioning the European market as one of the most important markets for expansion, having succeeded in exporting several exports in the previous period.

According to data seen by the specialized energy site, in 2022, Algeria succeeded in exporting 4 gas turbines, 3 of which were acquired by Europe.

Central Europe plans to achieve carbon neutrality and move away from fossil fuel sources (coal, oil and gas) in electricity generation; Keeping pace with the growth of gas turbines and converting them to run on hydrogen will be on Algeria’s list of concerns.

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A European experiment has succeeded in achieving the first global record of producing electricity by injecting 100% hydrogen into a gas turbine. In the long term, it aims to replace existing turbine complexes with minor modifications.

The test was conducted using Siemens Energy’s model SGT-400 gas turbine, and its combustion system was adapted to use hydrogen, replacing the carburetor (a device that mixes air with fuel before injecting the mixture into the internal combustion engine). In a thermal car engine.

Inside an Algerian gas turbine – photo by Sonalgas

Gas Turbine Market

Algerian gas turbines – according to data monitored by the specialized energy platform – have made their way to global markets since 2021, and have succeeded in exporting many exports to many destinations. Among them are European, African and Middle Eastern countries.

The gas turbine market has seen rapid growth over the past few years. This technology relies on reducing carbon emissions from electricity generation activities. It plays an important role in sustainable economic development efforts.

A recent report published by technology research firm Technavio expects the gas turbine market to grow to $3.357 billion at a CAGR of 3.05% during the period 2022 to 2027.

The idea of ​​gas turbines depends on heating a mixture of air and fuel to a very high temperature. What causes turbine blades to rotate; A rotating turbine drives a generator, which produces electric current.

Unlike the commonly used gas; Hydrogen burns “fast” and has a “hot” flame, and safety control is more difficult; Thus, European experience worked to address challenges in terms of material resistance and combustion chamber packaging, as well as the need to find “special systems” to control combustion.

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Power generation solutions

Algerian gas turbines are one of the solutions offered by Sonelgaz in conjunction with the increasing demand for this type of equipment, as it is one of the solutions for generating electricity from natural gas, which is considered to be less expensive compared to other oil derivatives. Being a low-emissions fuel, many countries rely on it… playing a key role in energy transition projects.

Gas turbine exports are one of the strategic goals of Sonelgaz aiming to expand its projects to achieve leadership, as it is one of the most important energy companies in the Arab world and Africa.

The Algerian gas turbine manufacturing process aims to reduce import tariffs and achieve export revenue for the country, which is working to expand the production of industrial equipment and improve its capabilities in the oil and gas sectors.

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Nadia Barnett
Nadia Barnett
"Award-winning beer geek. Extreme coffeeaholic. Introvert. Avid travel specialist. Hipster-friendly communicator."

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