September 29, 2022

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علماء الفلك يكتشفون بقايا كواكب صغيرة ابتلعها المشترى

Astronomers have discovered the remains of small planets swallowed by Jupiter

Scientists have discovered that the interior of Buyer It contains remnants of smaller planets, which during its expansion became as they are today, and the results came from the first visible view under the cloudy outer atmosphere of the planet.

According to RT, despite being the largest planet in the solar system, Jupiter has revealed very little about its inner structure. Telescopes have taken thousands of images of rotating clouds in the atmosphere above the gas giant, but these vortex storms, like Van Gogh’s paintings, act as a barrier to our view of what lies below.

In a new study, scientists were finally able to view Jupiter’s gas overview using gravity data collected from NASA’s Juno space probe.

This data helped the team to map the rock objects at the center of the giant planet, which revealed surprisingly numerous heavier elements, which Jupiter considers small planets or mini-planets (solid bodies inhabiting orbiting planets, disks), to grow to their current size.

Jupiter began its life with the force of gravity, which pulls rocks and gases from a great distance. It was mostly hydrogen and helium left over from the Sun’s birth, which created the largest gas-filled atmosphere.

The results of the study support the proposed theory that the center of Jupiter was formed by the absorption of many small planets and large space rocks that stretch for miles.

If left unchecked, these space rocks could evolve into rocky planets such as Earth or Mars.

“Since we can not directly observe how Jupiter formed, we need to combine the pieces with the information we have today,” Yamila Miguel, the study’s lead researcher, told LiveScience.

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“Here on Earth, we use seismic maps to study the interior of the planet using earthquakes,” Miguel explained.

But since Jupiter has no surface to place such devices, scientists have integrated data collected by sensors into vehicles such as Juno and Galileo to create computer models of Jupiter’s interior.

The sensors measured the planet’s gravitational field at various points around its orbit, and this data helped the team determine subtle differences in the planet’s gravitational force, which helped to locate the rock inside the planet.

“The Juno spacecraft provided very accurate gravity data, which helped control the distribution of objects inside Jupiter,” Miguel revealed.

Research shows that Jupiter contains 11 to 30 Earth-heavy elements (3% to 9% of Jupiter’s mass), which is higher than expected.

Jupiter only swallows small planets, Miguel said, explaining this high concentration of heavier elements.

New discoveries could change theories about the origin of other planets in the solar system, such as Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.