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Camp David summit between Japan and South Korea… Biden’s greatest achievement



Camp David summit between Japan and South Korea… Biden’s greatest achievement

Max Pat* So Me Terry*

It is difficult to overstate the importance of last Friday’s Camp David summit between US President Joe Biden, South Korean President Yun Chok-yul and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida.

A summit like this was unthinkable almost two years ago. Much of this summit must go to the courageous South Korean president and pragmatic Japanese prime minister for their ability to transcend their historical grievances, but the Biden administration also deserves great credit for helping to bring about this reconciliation.

Former German chancellor Otto von Bismarck said: “Politics is the art of the possible, the situation the art of the next.” That goes for foreign policy, and for Biden, who has decades of experience in both domestic and foreign policy. Compared to what former President Donald Trump did when he entered his first government office in 2016 when he was elected president, there is a sense of certainty about what can realistically be accomplished.

Trump achieved a major diplomatic achievement, the Abrahamic Accords, which led to the normalization of three Arab states with Israel, but his ability to dismantle international structures (withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal and the Paris climate agreement) far outweighed the possibility of creation. New contracts. His most daring diplomatic achievement was his participation in a summit meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un that failed to achieve the unrealistic goal of denuclearizing North Korea.

Views of the Pacific Ocean

The summit with Yul and Kishida was another big achievement, given how difficult it has been in the past to get the two heads of state in the same room. It was the culmination of a process that began when Biden entered the White House and was led by Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, National Security Adviser Jack Sullivan and the National Security Council’s coordinator for Indo-Pacific relations. , Kurt Campbell.

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The turning point that made such a meeting possible came in March, when Juul — with the encouragement and support of the Biden administration — made a bold decision to offer reparations to those forced to work in the war with Japan, without contributions or apologies. From Japan. In Tokyo’s view, it undoes the damage caused by the 2018 Korean court ruling, even though the issue was settled decades ago. Japan’s response to this was anger, and it imposed restrictions on the export of advanced technologies to South Korea, and South Korea withdrew from the Joint Intelligence Agreement between the two sides, imposing restrictions on its exports to Japan and relations between the two countries. Parties are largely degenerate.

But relations began to improve following Yule’s decision to offer compensation to forced laborers, and he later traveled to Tokyo to meet Kishida in the first official visit between the two countries since 2011. among them.

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Now the Camp David meeting could take the new tripartite alliance “to a new level,” as the three leaders promised at the G-7 summit in Hiroshima last May. The informal atmosphere at the Camp David presidential retreat deepened ties between the three leaders.

Expanding the range of military exercises and sharing intelligence on North Korean missile launches are priorities for the three leaders, while making it clear that their countries’ common security is closely intertwined. The ultimate, long-term goal should be to link Japanese and South Korean missile systems directly rather than using the United States as an intermediary, and it is important that both countries expand cooperation on North Korea’s cyber threats.

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Boosting the economy and military security were on the agenda for the trilateral summit, and Japan and South Korea felt unfair as a result of provisions of the 2022 Inflation Reduction Act that exempted electric cars made only in North America. The recovery of trade relations between Seoul and Tokyo, following the lifting of export restrictions, has paved the way for stronger cooperation between the three countries in the chip industry, making the three countries more resilient in the face of the industry’s challenges.

But major challenges remain as Yul and Kishida’s approval ratings in public opinion polls struggle and Yul faces opposition from the opposition Democratic Party to his efforts to improve relations with Japan. According to a Gallup poll conducted last March, 64% of South Koreans said their country should not rush into its reconciliation without a change in Japan’s stance, and 8% of South Koreans said the Japanese government regretted its colonial past. .

A top is not enough

This dynamic shows just how important the Camp David meeting is, as Liul and Kishida can bid for America’s support to move forward on the dangerous path of their friendship.

Of course, there are limits to what even the most accomplished female diplomat can achieve. South Korea does not want to lose its relationship with China, its largest trading partner, and the same applies to Japan and the United States.

Indeed, repairing damaged relations between South Korea and Japan will require more than one summit, no matter how successful. That is why it is very important for the three leaders to commit to regular meetings and to establish three hot lines between them. Despite the vicissitudes that characterize US-Japanese and South Korean politics, Biden believes that by institutionalizing the trilateral process, relations cannot be returned to their previous state.

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It’s an ambitious goal, and whether or not it can be achieved remains to be seen, but Biden deserves great credit for devoting precious diplomatic capital to taking the trilateral relationship to such an advanced stage.

• * Writer for the Washington Post

• * Former CIA analyst

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Robert Kennedy Jr. decided to run as an independent in the US presidential election



Robert Kennedy Jr. decided to run as an independent in the US presidential election

US presidential candidate Robert Kennedy Jr. will announce his candidacy as an independent instead of continuing his long-running bid to defeat President Joe Biden as the Democratic nominee, complicating next year’s presidential election.

Kennedy, an anti-vaccination activist and member of a famous American political family, posted a video on YouTube on Friday asking Americans to join him in a “major announcement” in Philadelphia on October 9.

He said he would talk about a radical change in American policy.

Kennedy is the nephew of former President John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated in 1963, and the son of former U.S. Senator Robert Kennedy, who was assassinated during his 1968 presidential bid.

In April, Kennedy said he would challenge Biden to run for the Democratic nomination against the expected Republican nominee, former President Donald Trump.

Since then, Kennedy has complained that the Democratic Party has “basically blended together” with the Biden campaign, which has cost him a fair chance in the nomination race.

Many polls have Biden ahead of Kennedy.

Kennedy’s plan to run as an independent was first reported on the political website Mediaite.

In response to an emailed question from Reuters about the report, the Kennedy campaign responded by sending out its own video.

Democrats worried that any effort by a third party could shift votes away from Biden.

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Only since the beginning of this year… has the UN been concerned about migrants trying to cross the “death trap”.



Only since the beginning of this year… has the UN been concerned about migrants trying to cross the “death trap”.

More than 2,500 migrants have died or gone missing trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Europe since the start of 2023, an official from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees announced on Thursday.

“As of September 24, more than 2,500 people are dead or missing,” said Rubin Menegtivela, director of the UNHCR office in New York, during a Security Council meeting dedicated to the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean. That represents a nearly 50 percent increase compared to “1,680” people during the same period in 2022.

“Without public opinion, lives are being lost on the ground,” he asserted.

He pointed out that “the journey to West or East Africa and the Horn of Africa and Libya and the starting points on the coast is one of the most dangerous journeys in the world.”

He added, “Refugees and migrants traveling overland from sub-Saharan Africa face the risk of death and serious human rights violations at every step.”

According to statistics announced by Ruffin Minisdiola, between the beginning of the year and September 24, 2023, a total of 186,000 migrants arrived in Southern Europe (Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Malta), including 130,000 for Italy, “an increase of 83 percent compared to the same period in 2022.

In terms of countries of departure, between the beginning of the year and August 2023, more than 102,000 migrants tried to cross the Mediterranean Sea from Tunisia, and 45,000 from Libya.

Of this number, 31,000 were rescued at sea or intercepted and disembarked in Tunisia, and 10,600 are in Libya.

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Referring to the recent influx of large numbers of migrants to the Italian island of Lampedusa, the official stressed that “Italy cannot respond alone to the needs” of these migrants.

UN refugee agency to “establish a regional mechanism for the evacuation and redistribution” of migrants arriving by sea. Menaktivela reiterated the High Commissioner’s call, which raises disagreements among EU member states.

For his part, Russian Ambassador to the United Nations Vasily Nebenzia, who requested the meeting, denounced the EU for its role in the “death trap” in the Mediterranean.

The ambassador said: “We have the impression that the European Union is waging an undeclared war against migrants because they have no other, safe route.”

“The European Union only cares about the migration issue when it comes to Ukrainians,” Nebenzia added, expressing her regret that other migrants do not enjoy “the same level of solidarity”.

As for French Ambassador Nicolas de Riviere, referring to Russian contributions to UNHCR’s budget, he said, “Russia is not, as always, when it comes to responding decisively to humanitarian crises.”

He added, “Wagner’s presence in the Sahel region contributes to the instability of the region, which fuels terrorism and leads to the migration of residents.”

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US punishes former Sudanese foreign minister



US punishes former Sudanese foreign minister

On Thursday, the United States imposed sanctions on former Sudanese foreign minister Ali Karti, one of which was based in Russia, and accused him of exacerbating instability in Sudan, where fighting has claimed thousands of lives and displaced millions of civilians. ..

The move is the latest round of sanctions imposed by Washington since fighting broke out in Sudan in mid-April between the military and Rapid Support Forces..

Brian Nelson, the Treasury Department’s undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, said in a statement that “the action will be held accountable for those who undermined efforts to find a peaceful and democratic solution in Sudan.”

He added: “We will continue to target those who work to perpetuate this conflict for personal gain.”

The Treasury Department said it targeted Karti, who was foreign minister under former President Omar al-Bashir, noting that Karti became head of the Sudanese Islamic Movement after al-Bashir was ousted in 2019..

Karti has been a prominent figure among the veterans and loyalists of Bashir’s regime since the Sudanese army seized power in 2021 and overthrew the civilian area..

The Treasury Department added: “(Karthi) and other Sudanese militants are actively obstructing efforts to reach a ceasefire to end the current war.”

Also sanctioned was Sudan-based GSK Advance, which the Treasury Department said was used as a procurement vehicle for Rapid Support Forces..

The company is said to be coordinating with Russia-based military supply company Avia Trade, which has been targeted by sanctions, to arrange for the purchase of spare parts and supplies for drones previously purchased by Rapid Support Forces. Training work..

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US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in a separate statement that Washington moved this week to impose visa restrictions on people it considers part of efforts to undermine the democratic transition in Sudan..

The new sanctions come after actions taken against the deputy commander of the Rapid Support Forces this month and sanctions imposed by the US in June on companies accused of fueling the conflict..

The measure freezes the assets of targeted individuals in the U.S., generally prevents Americans from doing business with them, and also exposes those who engage in certain transactions with them to economic sanctions..

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