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Emirates News Agency – UN climate change chief for COP28 discusses impacts of Amazon deforestation with indigenous leaders in Brazil



Emirates News Agency – UN climate change chief for COP28 discusses impacts of Amazon deforestation with indigenous leaders in Brazil

Belém – Brazil, August 10 / WAM / At the COP28 Conference of the Parties, UN Climate Change Secretary-General Razan Al Mubarak, President of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, emphasized the need to engage indigenous peoples on climate change. Action campaigns, especially efforts to protect the possibility of meeting the goal of avoiding temperature rise. The Earth is at 1.5 ° C, because forest dwellers are its best guardians.

This came when he participated in the Amazon Summit and Cooperation for Sustainable Development (ACTO) in Belem, Brazil as part of the COP28 Presidency delegation, where he held bilateral meetings with several Heads of State, Ministers, Governors and Leaders. Tribal communities.

The Amazon Summit and Cooperation on Sustainable Development (ACTO) is expected to set an ambitious and integrated policy to protect the world’s largest rainforest.

During his meeting with the leaders of the indigenous peoples, His Excellency spoke about the role of indigenous peoples in protecting the environment: “About half of the remaining virgin forests in the world are located in the areas of the Amazon indigenous peoples. Therefore, their pioneering and historic role in protecting nature and climate should be appreciated, especially every year in August 9 on the occasion of the International Day of Indigenous Peoples.

His Excellency invited the leaders of the indigenous communities to present their work plan at the COP28 Conference of the Parties to be held in the United Arab Emirates next November.

The average rate of deforestation in the territories of indigenous and indigenous peoples of Latin America is lower than in other forests, because in many of these areas deforestation is prevented at the same level as in protected areas, or in some cases better, for example, between 2006 and 2011, deforestation in the Amazon in Peru decreased in protected areas with similar environmental conditions. During Razan Al Mubarak’s meeting with Brazilian environmentalist Alessandra Korab, the task of protecting rainforests and protecting their traditional livelihoods from increasing economic pressures was discussed, a difficult and often dangerous task. I am delighted to meet with local leaders to discuss the best ways to protect the Amazon region, ensuring everyone is included and putting their views and opinions at the forefront of the COP28 agenda.

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His Highness Razan Al Mubarak called on financial institutions and companies to refrain from activities that destroy nature, while facilitating the access of indigenous communities to formal financial systems.

It is noteworthy that the Amazon region is one of the warmest and most important regions for biodiversity, and one of the natural carbon stores that absorb large amounts of greenhouse gases that have a significant impact on climate change. It’s alarming, prompting scientists to warn last year that the gradual death of large-scale trees could lead to the conversion of rainforests to dry grassy plains, and deforestation would destroy the livelihoods and lifestyles of indigenous communities in the Amazon region.

He became al-Husayn / Ahmad al-Nu’imi

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Robert Kennedy Jr. decided to run as an independent in the US presidential election



Robert Kennedy Jr. decided to run as an independent in the US presidential election

US presidential candidate Robert Kennedy Jr. will announce his candidacy as an independent instead of continuing his long-running bid to defeat President Joe Biden as the Democratic nominee, complicating next year’s presidential election.

Kennedy, an anti-vaccination activist and member of a famous American political family, posted a video on YouTube on Friday asking Americans to join him in a “major announcement” in Philadelphia on October 9.

He said he would talk about a radical change in American policy.

Kennedy is the nephew of former President John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated in 1963, and the son of former U.S. Senator Robert Kennedy, who was assassinated during his 1968 presidential bid.

In April, Kennedy said he would challenge Biden to run for the Democratic nomination against the expected Republican nominee, former President Donald Trump.

Since then, Kennedy has complained that the Democratic Party has “basically blended together” with the Biden campaign, which has cost him a fair chance in the nomination race.

Many polls have Biden ahead of Kennedy.

Kennedy’s plan to run as an independent was first reported on the political website Mediaite.

In response to an emailed question from Reuters about the report, the Kennedy campaign responded by sending out its own video.

Democrats worried that any effort by a third party could shift votes away from Biden.

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Only since the beginning of this year… has the UN been concerned about migrants trying to cross the “death trap”.



Only since the beginning of this year… has the UN been concerned about migrants trying to cross the “death trap”.

More than 2,500 migrants have died or gone missing trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea to Europe since the start of 2023, an official from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees announced on Thursday.

“As of September 24, more than 2,500 people are dead or missing,” said Rubin Menegtivela, director of the UNHCR office in New York, during a Security Council meeting dedicated to the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean. That represents a nearly 50 percent increase compared to “1,680” people during the same period in 2022.

“Without public opinion, lives are being lost on the ground,” he asserted.

He pointed out that “the journey to West or East Africa and the Horn of Africa and Libya and the starting points on the coast is one of the most dangerous journeys in the world.”

He added, “Refugees and migrants traveling overland from sub-Saharan Africa face the risk of death and serious human rights violations at every step.”

According to statistics announced by Ruffin Minisdiola, between the beginning of the year and September 24, 2023, a total of 186,000 migrants arrived in Southern Europe (Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Malta), including 130,000 for Italy, “an increase of 83 percent compared to the same period in 2022.

In terms of countries of departure, between the beginning of the year and August 2023, more than 102,000 migrants tried to cross the Mediterranean Sea from Tunisia, and 45,000 from Libya.

Of this number, 31,000 were rescued at sea or intercepted and disembarked in Tunisia, and 10,600 are in Libya.

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Referring to the recent influx of large numbers of migrants to the Italian island of Lampedusa, the official stressed that “Italy cannot respond alone to the needs” of these migrants.

UN refugee agency to “establish a regional mechanism for the evacuation and redistribution” of migrants arriving by sea. Menaktivela reiterated the High Commissioner’s call, which raises disagreements among EU member states.

For his part, Russian Ambassador to the United Nations Vasily Nebenzia, who requested the meeting, denounced the EU for its role in the “death trap” in the Mediterranean.

The ambassador said: “We have the impression that the European Union is waging an undeclared war against migrants because they have no other, safe route.”

“The European Union only cares about the migration issue when it comes to Ukrainians,” Nebenzia added, expressing her regret that other migrants do not enjoy “the same level of solidarity”.

As for French Ambassador Nicolas de Riviere, referring to Russian contributions to UNHCR’s budget, he said, “Russia is not, as always, when it comes to responding decisively to humanitarian crises.”

He added, “Wagner’s presence in the Sahel region contributes to the instability of the region, which fuels terrorism and leads to the migration of residents.”

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US punishes former Sudanese foreign minister



US punishes former Sudanese foreign minister

On Thursday, the United States imposed sanctions on former Sudanese foreign minister Ali Karti, one of which was based in Russia, and accused him of exacerbating instability in Sudan, where fighting has claimed thousands of lives and displaced millions of civilians. ..

The move is the latest round of sanctions imposed by Washington since fighting broke out in Sudan in mid-April between the military and Rapid Support Forces..

Brian Nelson, the Treasury Department’s undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, said in a statement that “the action will be held accountable for those who undermined efforts to find a peaceful and democratic solution in Sudan.”

He added: “We will continue to target those who work to perpetuate this conflict for personal gain.”

The Treasury Department said it targeted Karti, who was foreign minister under former President Omar al-Bashir, noting that Karti became head of the Sudanese Islamic Movement after al-Bashir was ousted in 2019..

Karti has been a prominent figure among the veterans and loyalists of Bashir’s regime since the Sudanese army seized power in 2021 and overthrew the civilian area..

The Treasury Department added: “(Karthi) and other Sudanese militants are actively obstructing efforts to reach a ceasefire to end the current war.”

Also sanctioned was Sudan-based GSK Advance, which the Treasury Department said was used as a procurement vehicle for Rapid Support Forces..

The company is said to be coordinating with Russia-based military supply company Avia Trade, which has been targeted by sanctions, to arrange for the purchase of spare parts and supplies for drones previously purchased by Rapid Support Forces. Training work..

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US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in a separate statement that Washington moved this week to impose visa restrictions on people it considers part of efforts to undermine the democratic transition in Sudan..

The new sanctions come after actions taken against the deputy commander of the Rapid Support Forces this month and sanctions imposed by the US in June on companies accused of fueling the conflict..

The measure freezes the assets of targeted individuals in the U.S., generally prevents Americans from doing business with them, and also exposes those who engage in certain transactions with them to economic sanctions..

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