Wednesday, April 24, 2024

From Abdel Nasser to Gabon… the number of military coups in Africa and the secret to their recurrence

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Many political science professors characterize the July 23, 1952 move by a group of Egyptian military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser to overthrow the monarchy as the first military coup in modern history, especially on the African continent in the middle of the last century. With the rise of liberation movements from colonialism.

Since 1950, the world has seen around 486 military coup attempts, including 214 in Africa alone, making the African continent the top continent in terms of the number of coup attempts at 44%.

Of these attempts, 242 attempts worldwide succeeded in bringing military coup leaders to power, including 106 in Africa alone, according to a study prepared by Jonathan Powell and Clayton Thain, researchers at the University of Kentucky in the United States. In the states.

45 African countries out of 54 countries on the continent have witnessed at least one military coup attempt, and Sudan leads the continent with 17 coup attempts, 6 of which were successful.

In the last 3 years (August 2020 – August 2023), Africa witnessed 18 military coup attempts, 9 of which were successful, including 4 coups in just two countries: 2 in Mali (August 2020 and May 2021) and Burkina Faso (January 2022 and September 2022). .

9 coups in 7 countries: Mali, Sudan, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Chad, Niger and Gabon. Six other countries except Sudan were French colonies.

Scenarios and causes of coups in Africa. Their circumstances vary from country to country, but common factors, according to political science experts, revolve around poverty, corruption, mismanagement, weak democracy and human rights violations. The “domino effect” and foreign interventions are sometimes real and other times not. Allegations to justify conspiracy.

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Rolf Colon
Rolf Colon
"Creator. Award-winning problem solver. Music evangelist. Incurable introvert."

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