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Hurricanes Daniel, Great Miami, Sandy and Julia… Why are hurricanes and storms given male and female names? When do storms get names? How are storm names chosen, especially Atlantic hurricanes?



Hurricanes Daniel, Great Miami, Sandy and Julia… Why are hurricanes and storms given male and female names? When do storms get names? How are storm names chosen, especially Atlantic hurricanes?


Sunday, September 10, 2023 at 09:00 p.m

Daniel Storm Egyptian authorities have warned of the risk of storm Daniel entering the country after it arrived on the Libyan coast from Greece. The Egyptian Meteorological Center reached the Libyan coast a few hours ago. , in addition to thunderstorms and high wind speeds. Waves are more than 4 meters high.

He said that Libya is facing a difficult day due to this storm, a state of emergency and warning has been issued in all affected cities, and that the remnants of the storm will reach western Egypt tomorrow, Monday, and rains will follow after that. lost its strength..

In addition, storm Daniel left Greece, leaving heavy damages and huge losses as a result of heavy rains and massive floods, and then moved towards the Libyan territory, so that Libya will be on date with heavy rains, and since the activity of wind speed and a large surge of waves are expected, there are great opportunities for the formation of torrents..

He said the storm has started rotating around the center of the low pressure zone and is forming a closed eye, which may have acquired tropical characteristics and is expected to make landfall in a short period of time..

Egyptian Meteorology also explains that there is still a clear difference between the outputs of the numerical models to accurately predict the path of the storm, because these models differ among themselves, where the path of the center of pressure will be, whether it is in the direction of Benghazi, Ajdabiya or Sirte..

In all cases, he said, the Libyan coast and some inland areas would be affected by the storm, but there was doubt in identifying the areas associated with the most violent rains..

Meteorologists confirmed that a storm with subtropical characteristics in September was a rare event, as Hurricane “Daniel” swept across Greece and caused a 3-day rainstorm in the center of the country..

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But why are these names chosen for hurricanes? Why do people (especially female names) name them? Before meteorologists and scientists decided to name hurricanes after people, different names were given to avoid confusion and confusion, especially in certain areas where tropical cyclones are common. .

Why are hurricanes and storms named?

The practice of naming tropical storms and hurricanes began years ago to help quickly identify storms in warning messages, with many arguing that names are easier to remember than numbers and technical terms. Hurricanes in the media, and raising the level of interest in warnings. It increases community preparedness.


Experience has shown that the use of short, unique names in oral and written messages is faster and reduces the possibility of error compared to complex identification methods. These advantages are especially evident in the context of exchanging detailed information about hundreds of stations, coastal sites, storms. And ships at sea spread over scattered parts of the world.

When will the storm be named?

Tropical storms are named when wind speeds reach 63 km/h while moving in a circular pattern.Tropical storms develop into hurricanes when wind speeds reach 119 km/h.

Naming Hurricanes

Earlier, hurricanes were named after some saint, such as “St. Paul” hurricane, “St. Louis” or “Santa Maria”.

Or the names of the years in which it occurred, such as the 1898 hurricane that struck the United States from the state of Georgia.

Or according to the place where it originated or the main area where it struck, such as the Great Miami Hurricane of 1926, the Galveston Hurricane that completely destroyed the city of the same name, or the New England Hurricane. This part.

Naming hurricanes and storms after people

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Female names

During World War II, meteorologists started naming hurricanes after their wives and daughters, and if the storms turned violent, they were called the hated people, and that’s where this tradition came from. The names were highly resonant and memorable, but the naming was random at this point.


In 1950, they decided to abandon this idea after they developed a more complete naming system, naming storms according to phonetic alphabets such as “Able, Baker, and Charley,” and the names used for each hurricane season were the same. In other words, the first hurricane of the season was always called “Able”, the second “Baker”, etc.

The system lasted for 3 years, and in 1953 it was recognized as problematic because people had already become accustomed to female names and refused to accept the innovation. To avoid re-using names, the system was revised so that storms were given female names. Tropical Storm Alice was the first storm to receive names and a female name.

Male and female names

Beginning in late 1978, the system was revised again to include alternate hurricane names with male and female names. Hurricane “Bob” was the hurricane that struck the United States’ Gulf Coast in 1979.

How are the names of storms and hurricanes chosen?

Naming rules around the world vary from one region to another. The World Meteorological Organization divides the naming rules for tropical cyclones into 10 regions. Each region has lists prepared a certain time in advance and an agreed order of names with some regions having names in the Greek alphabet, others according to common local names.

How are Atlantic hurricanes named?

Experts assign names to hurricanes according to a list of official names approved before the start of each hurricane season. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) publishes a set of six lists each year for use in the Atlantic Ocean. There are 21 names in the list. The letters, “Q.” “U” excluding the letters,

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Six years later, naming begins again with the first list. For example, the first tropical storm in the Atlantic Ocean for 2019 was named “Andrea,” and this name will be the first hurricane in 2025.

How are cyclones named in East Asia and Arabian Sea countries?

Cyclones forming in the North Indian Ocean are named by the Special Regional Meteorological Center located in India – New Delhi on behalf of the member countries of the International Meteorological Organization for the Asia and Pacific region. A group of Arab countries in the group are: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and the Sultanate of Yemen.


To name tropical storms in the North Indian Ocean, Sea of ​​Oman or Bay of Bengal, the name given in the table of names previously maintained by the group is used in descending order from top to bottom. Each member of this committee is assigned to choose a name for the storm, provided the name is easy to pronounce and does not exclude any meaning, usage, politics, religion, race or ethnicity, and then the full names are presented to the committee for consideration and approval, to be placed on a list ready for use in the order.

When is a hurricane named?

When a hurricane is exceptionally devastating, considering the feelings of its victims, it would be inappropriate to resume its name for another storm in the future, so it is dropped from the list of hurricane names and an alternate name is chosen. During meetings of the Committees of the International Meteorological Organization.

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Finding the genetic causes of a rare cancer affecting the kidney



Finding the genetic causes of a rare cancer affecting the kidney

An international team led by researchers at the British Wellcome Sanger Institute has revealed a new drug target that could act as an alternative treatment for kidney cancer if doctors don’t recommend surgery. According to the results of a study published in the journal Nature Communications (Monday), this rare cancerous form of kidney tumor is called Renin tumor, and its complete genetic code has been understood for the first time.

Reninoma is one of the rarest cancers in humans, with only about 100 cases reported worldwide. Although it can usually be treated with surgery, it can cause severe high blood pressure and develop into malignant tumors that can spread.

There are still no medical treatments for kidney tumors, as treatment management only involves surgery. Before the results of the latest study came out, it was not known what genetic error caused these types of tumors.

Reninoma is one of the rarest cancerous tumors in humans (Public Domain).

According to the study’s co-principal investigator, Dr. Sam Bagadi, Wellcome Senior Research Fellow at the Wellcome Sanger Institute: “The significance of our results is that we have succeeded in discovering the essence of this type of tumor. Based on the fact that it is so rare, there have been no previous studies on it.

He added to Asharq Al-Awsat: “Not only have we been able to understand the genetic code of a kidney tumor, but we have also shown that drugs can counteract what triggers it, and this may be important for patients whose tumors cannot be removed. through surgery.”

Researchers have identified a specific error in the genetic code of a known cancer gene called NOTCH1, which is behind the development of this rare cancer.

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“This is the first time we have identified the causes of kidney tumors, and we believe our work will continue to pave the way for new treatments,” said lead study author Taryn Trescher at the Wellcome Sanger Institute.

The team has already studied two cancer samples, one from a young adult and the other from a child, using advanced genetic techniques. Their findings suggest that existing drugs that actually target this gene could be used as a potential solution for treating kidney tumors in patients for whom surgery is not a viable option.

Dr Tansina Chowdhury, lead researcher on the study at Great Ormond Street Hospital in the UK, explained: “Rare forms of kidney cancer known as renal tumors do not respond to traditional anti-cancer treatments. “Currently the only known treatment is surgery.” She added: “There is a specific, well-known gene that drives this rare cancer. Our study shows that the studied gene has “If we use drugs that are already known to affect this gene, we can deal with it without the need for invasive medical technology like surgery.”

Here Bahjati said: “Rare cancers are a huge challenge for research and analysis. Patients with other types of tumors may not benefit from them. “But here is a powerful example of cutting-edge science that is changing our understanding of an extremely rare type of tumor: a discovery that could have immediate clinical benefits for patients.” He added: “We will continue to study these extremely rare tumors to understand their genetic code, which we hope will reveal more new therapeutic approaches.”

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Climate change: Saudi Arabia warns against rush to abandon traditional fuels – Financial Times



Climate change: Saudi Arabia warns against rush to abandon traditional fuels – Financial Times

image source, Good pictures

We begin our tour of British newspapers with Amy Williams in New York and Miles McCormick in Calgary at the Financial Times on what they describe as deep tensions and divisions over the oil and gas industry’s role in combating climate change. Recent events in New York, US and Calgary, Canada this week cast doubt on the likelihood of an agreement at the upcoming United Nations COP28 conference.

According to the article, when world leaders and senior officials meet in New York in ten weeks ahead of the United Nations’ COP28 climate summit, there is a deep divide between those who support and those who urge the expansion of fossil fuel use. Stopping all forms of growth and expansion is critical to achieving stability in the world.

In December, the UN The authors quoted Dan Jorgensen, Denmark’s minister for development cooperation and global climate policy, who is leading discussions on new climate targets that could be agreed at the climate change conference COP28, as saying: “Countries agree that we must move. Move forward on this issue.” “But the bad news is that we’re far from reaching an agreement. We need to address the larger problem of burning fossil fuels.”

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What are the most common symptoms of breast cancer in men?



What are the most common symptoms of breast cancer in men?

Breast cancer is a disease that affects women, especially with a high number of infections, but in fact it affects men as well, and many believe that it leads to death among them.

she explained NHS The NHS in England says that 85 men die each year in Britain from breast cancer, and that the malignancy affects around 400 men annually.

The charity Breast Cancer Now also reports that “at least one person is diagnosed with the disease every day”.

According to the website “Mayo ClinicMedically, male breast cancer is “a rare cancer that begins with the growth of cells in the breast tissue of men.”

Breast cancer cells disrupt the immune system

Australian researchers announced Monday that breast cancer cells have powerfully destroyed the body’s immune system, allowing the disease to invade patients’ bones.

“Breast cancer in men usually affects older people, but it can occur at any age,” he pointed out.

Those diagnosed with “male breast cancer” at an early stage have a good chance of recovery.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of this disease are as follows:

A painless lump or thickening of breast tissue and changes in the skin of the breast, such as sagging, wrinkling, redness or peeling.
Changes in the nipples, such as redness or peeling, or one of the nipples turning inward.

The causes of these malignant tumors are still unclear, but doctors define “male breast cancer” as occurring when “some breast cells divide faster than healthy cells.”

Accumulated cells form a tumor, which can spread (metastasize) to nearby tissues, lymph nodes, or other parts of the body.

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According to the website “Web MedicineThe disease can be diagnosed through a clinical examination, which is done by feeling the chest area of ​​the person in search of any tumors or changes in the chest tissue, and the doctor evaluates the size, structure and depth of the tumors present.

It can be diagnosed with radiographic imaging such as X-rays or ultrasound to create clear images of the breast tissue.

Only a biopsy is used to “confirm” a diagnosis of breast cancer in men. This is done by taking a sample of the tumor tissue and examining it to confirm whether the tumor is cancerous or benign.

Treatment usually involves surgery to remove as much of the visible tumor as possible, along with some of the surrounding healthy tissue.

Other treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be recommended depending on the condition.

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