The half of the moon that faces Earth is completely dark This science article will identify a specific phase of the moon, including simplified and detailed research on the Earth’s moon, including a list of the most popular and important information about the moon, and identifying all its phases. the moon A quick overview of each step, knowing that it often comes in the form of a question teachers ask middle and high school students in geography or physics.
Information about the Moon
Before deciding on the name of the half of the moon that faces Earth, it is completely dark. It is worth noting that the Moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth and is characterized by:
- It is the fifth largest natural satellite in the solar system.
- The Moon is the largest natural satellite in the Solar System relative to Earth’s size.
- Despite its dark surface, it is classified as the brightest object in the galaxy after the Sun.
- Its phases are used in the lunar calendar, and gravitational influence causes tides.
- The Moon is the only celestial body humans have landed on with their feet through NASA’s Apollo program.
- Most scientists believe that the Moon formed about 4.5 billion years ago, and was blown up after a massive impact.
- The Moon has an iron core, a rocky mantle of iron and magnesium, and a thin surface crust.
The half of the moon that faces Earth is completely dark
The half of the moon that faces Earth is completely dark The near side of the moonor in English “the nearer side”, it is divided into areas with lighter colors called the Highlands of the Moon, or in English “Highlands of the Moon”, while the lower and darker areas are called Maria, or in English “Maria”, and the Sun, Moon and Earth in a line. It is worth noting that when the angle between the Sun and the Moon becomes equal to 0 degrees, the side of the Moon facing the Sun is fully illuminated. and the side facing the Earth. dark, which is called phenomenological period.f
Phases of the Moon
At the end of the article, after figuring out which half of the Moon faces the Earth, everything is dark. It is necessary to stop at the phases and phases of the moon, which are as follows:
- Backward: Or in English, “New Moon”, and is characterized by the fact that the corresponding part of the moon is not illuminated by the sun, and the moon cannot be seen in the sky.
- Growing Crescent: In English, it is called a “crescent crescent” because the moon can be seen low in the sky, especially after sunset.
- First Square: Or in English, “first quarter”, the moon reaches this phase seven days after new phase, during which half of its surface is illuminated exclusively during the first half of the night.
- Growing cone: It is called “Waxing Gibbous” in English because most of the moon’s surface is visible to earthlings.
- Full Moon: Or in English, “full moon”, the side of the moon opposite Earth fully illuminated by the sun’s rays, appearing immediately after sunset and disappearing below the western horizon at sunrise the next day.
- Reducing Humpback: It is called “Waning Gibbous” in English and the moon is known to be visible from late night to early morning.
- Last box: Or “last quarter” in English, half of the moon’s surface reflects solar radiation, and the moon can be seen early in the morning and during the day.
- Crescent Decline: It is called “Waning Crescent” in English, and it is the last phase of the moon, where a small part of the moon’s surface shines from the earth’s surface or in the early morning.
The half of the moon that faces Earth is completely dark The near side or waning position of the moon, knowing that the orbit of the moon in planetary motion around the earth is equal to its rotation around the earth, it will show the same face as it faces the earth, so the side of the moon that cannot be seen from the surface of the earth is called the far side of the moon or “far side” in English. , which does not include the previously mentioned Maria regions.