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The “universe is a simulation” hypothesis receives new physical support | Science



The “universe is a simulation” hypothesis receives new physical support |  Science

A physicist at Britain’s University of Portmouth says the “second law of information,” a new law of physics first developed based on the study of virus mutations, is surprisingly consistent with the simulation hypothesis, which assumes that the physical universe resembles a giant computer. Simulation.

The second law of information dynamics was proposed and put forward in 2022 by University of Portmouth researcher Melvin Fobson, in a study published in the journal AIB Advances, which he believes is a physical quantity that can mass and store information. , is compressed in computers, just as it is processed, destroyed, deleted and stored in physical systems.

Roughly, we can give an example, for example, the universe is lined with electrons, and we know that each electron has many properties, such as charge, mass, etc., but the strange thing is that all electrons in the universe are exactly the same, so an electron in your body is a distant galaxy. How do we know the properties of another electron in the band? Here, Phoebeson’s hypothesis sees information about the properties of electrons as being somehow embedded in the electrons themselves, and it’s like a physical guide for the electrons to adopt those properties, and it’s a guide that each has mass. We have mass when we stand on a scale.

This law states that the information entropy (the amount of disorder) of systems with information states must remain constant or decrease over time. This means that information systems become more organized and less random over time, contradicting the second law. Thermodynamics. , suggests that physical systems become more disordered and chaotic over time.

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Because of its generality, the second law of information science is believed to have many implications for various fields of science and technology, such as information theory, computation, genetics, and cosmology, and may help explain how new mutations occur in DNA sequences.

What is simulation hypothesis?

According to a new study published in the same previous issue, the same scientist extends the lines directly with respect to the second law of information dynamics by observing the scientific consequences of the new law in many physical systems, including biology and nuclear physics. , and cosmology opens the door to implying that the universe we live in is a 3D simulation.

The simulation hypothesis began to enter the public domain about 20 years ago (Shutterstock).

The simulation hypothesis began to enter the public domain about 20 years ago, when Oxford University philosophy professor Nick Bostrom suggested that it is more likely than we think that we are not living in the real world, but rather in a computer. -Designed simulation.

In physics, a similar picture emerges from the simulation hypothesis, which suggests that the universe may actually be a hologram. In his book The War of the Black Holes, British physicist Leonard Susskind suggests that the three-dimensional world is all-encompassing. Our everyday experiences in it and the galaxies, stars and planets in it are a three-dimensional image of reality encoded on a distant two-dimensional surface.

In this case, it is like putting a three-dimensional movie on a CD. The image is encoded in the form of information on the CD, and when the CD is inserted into the computer, the image is displayed on the screen. Similarly, from the point of view of this hypothesis, the universe is a large display screen and what we give it.

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In this case, it’s like putting a 3D movie on a CD (Shutterstock).

Are we really living in a simulation?

But despite the above, the simulation hypothesis faces many problems, as it does not explain anything about how “consciousness” can be simulated, a phenomenon that has remained an intriguing mystery in neuroscience and computational science until now.

On the other hand, a study published several years ago in the journal Science Advances pointed out that no simulation could be created that would reveal the laws of quantum physics with any advanced technology we know or can imagine. Communication between a few hundred electrons requires a computer. Larger than the size of the known universe.

A study published in the European Physical Journal A in 2014 showed that there is no method that replicates the laws of Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity.

However, Fobson believes that his new theory can solve these problems. The second law of information dynamics changes everything, and its future applications could completely change the way scientists view the physical world.

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Head of State: We are interested in international cooperation to achieve the success of the goals of “COP28”.



Head of State: We are interested in international cooperation to achieve the success of the goals of “COP28”.

The Head of State Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan attended some of the “Group of 77 and China” meetings held during the proceedings of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations. Framework Conference on Climate Change (COP28), which is taking place at Expo City Dubai.

While attending the meeting, he welcomed the participating leaders and emphasized the importance of cooperation among developing countries to promote their common interests and to ensure their presence in international affairs, embodied in the meetings of the group.

His Highness emphasized the UAE’s interest in strengthening international cooperation to achieve the success of the goals of the 28th session of the Conference of the Parties in accelerating the transition towards a sustainable, low-carbon, high-growth economic model through effective detection. Action-based solutions to the climate crisis facing the world.

For their part, participants appreciated the UAE’s hosting of the first-ever group meetings at COP conferences, noting that the meetings provided an opportunity to discuss areas of common interest, identify common challenges and propose measures to address them. Confront team members while emphasizing the importance of teamwork and cooperation.

During the World Climate Action Summit, the leaders also appreciated the announcement of the President of the State, emphasizing the importance of this initiative in supporting the path of sustainable development and promoting sustainable development globally. Based on international cooperation.

They also emphasized the importance of the “COP28” agenda, which aims to catalyze collective action to protect ecosystems and food systems that are resilient to climate change, empowering the most affected communities by investing in practical solutions to improve lives and livelihoods. .

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Muhammad bin Saeed:

• Finding effective solutions to the global climate crisis.

• Accelerating the transition towards a sustainable economic model.

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Amiri Diwan confirms stability of Kuwait Emir’s health… And prosecution threatens to prosecute those who spread rumors about “the arrangement of the ruling house”.



Amiri Diwan confirms stability of Kuwait Emir’s health… And prosecution threatens to prosecute those who spread rumors about “the arrangement of the ruling house”.

United Arab Emirates (CNN) — Kuwaiti Emir Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah’s health condition was confirmed on Saturday by the Minister of Emirati Diwan Affairs, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Abdullah Al-Sabah. It is stable, thanks to God Almighty,” Kuwait News Agency reported. “Kona.”

The minister added: “We pray to the Almighty God for a speedy recovery to the Emir of the country and to grant him good health and complete well-being.”

The Minister of Amiri Diwan Affairs said on Wednesday that the health of the Emir of Kuwait is stable and he is still receiving the necessary treatment.

Earlier, the Amiri Diwan minister said the Kuwaiti emir “entered the hospital to receive treatment and undergo a medical examination following a health condition”.

For its part, the Kuwaiti Public Prosecution warned in a statement on Saturday against “taking decisive action and filing criminal charges against every individual, group, platform, media, radio station or any organization that publishes or addresses anything related to the health of the Emir or the arrangement of the ruling house.”

The Kuwait Public Prosecution added: “We have been monitoring many false reports and shocking lies in the media, and by individuals on visual, audio and print media platforms, about the health of the Emir of the country or the arrangements of the ruling house. According to Kuna.

Rumor mongers have used the word as a weapon to spread poison in the society using flimsy pretexts of freedom of expression, good intentions and fear, forgetting the harmful effects of rumours. According to the Kuwaiti Agency, there is more than a raging plague.

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After trying it…new anti-obesity drug alert



After trying it…new anti-obesity drug alert

However, Pfizer announced its intention to develop a modified version of the drug “Danoglipron”.

This drug belongs to a new class of successful treatments based on a component such as the gastrointestinal hormone glucagon or GLP-1 (GLP-1).GLP-1This leads to a feeling of fullness and weight loss.

“Danoglibron” differs from competing drugs already on the market in that it is not given by injection, but is given orally in the form of tablets.

During the clinical trial, Pfizer tested taking these pills twice a day, but said it wanted to focus on a new once-a-day formulation.

The clinical trial included a few hundred obese participants without type 2 diabetes.

Pfizer explained that the side effects in this trial were similar to those that can occur with this type of drug, but “it is noteworthy that their rates were high” because “cases of nausea reached 73 percent, vomiting reached 47 percent, and diarrhea reached 25 percent.”

More than half of the participants who received this drug discontinued treatment.

However, “Danoglipro” has been shown to lead to weight loss between 8 percent and 13 percent over 32 weeks or between 5 percent and 9.5 percent over 26 weeks.

A report quoted Pfizer senior executive Michael Tolston as confirming that “an improved once-daily formulation of tanoglipron could play an important role in the treatment of obesity.”

The highly lucrative anti-obesity drug market is currently dominated by the Danish “Novo Nordisk” group with its drug “Vecovi” and the American “Eli Lilly” company “Zebound”. America last month.

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