Saturday, April 20, 2024

100,000 years ago … Olives were first used by humans in caves in Morocco Discovery | Science


The Moroccan research team, along with its French counterpart, plans to continue archeological research into the behavior of Atri humans in caves in the suburbs of Rafat.

An international research team has discovered that the first use of olive fruits and trees by Homo sapiens during the last ice age was discovered 100,000 years ago in the suburbs of the capital, Makarat and El Harhura 2. Rabat on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. Results “Natural Plants” magazine on March 22.

The research team – Morocco, France, Germany and Austria – where they discovered coal samples from both sites dating back to pre-medieval times, and the research was funded by the National Institute. Ministry of Archeology and Culture in Morocco and later the Museum of History. National in Paris.

“Man sought these types of plants provided by nature, and the importance of this current discovery is revealed in the discovery of their nutritional value to trigger fire 100,000 years ago.

The research team that completed the scientific study includes researchers from Morocco, France, Germany and Austria (Al-Jazeera).

The first use of olives in Africa

This study was the first to discover that olives were first used in the Mediterranean and on the African continent. In this regard, al-Hajrawi says, “This important invention shows the ability of the man of that time to be rooted in the foot, and he has the ability to be creative, inventive, innovative and thoughtful. We have no right to call him old and irresponsible in more than one station.”

He added, “There is no doubt that this person used olive twigs to light a fire and maintain it for a long time, and also used fruit oils to protect against fire for a long time.

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Al-Hajrawi said, “About 9,000 years ago, after moving from a nomadic state to a state of stability, man began to raise and maintain livestock, while at the same time he discovered agriculture and some of its bases.

Al-Adri is considered to be one of the foremost sculptors and ornaments (al-Jazeera).

The historical context of this discovery

Al-Hijrawi explains in his speech to al-Jazeera Net that he was the first to use olives in two of Rabat’s caves: Coming closer, how he lived, how he thought, what his daily behavior was.

He further says of the Atri man, “He lived in the Maghreb area 160,000 to 80,000 years ago, and the person of the city of Temara was the first to exploit and exploit the benefits of the olive trees in Africa. We also find a site for Manasra, kidnappers and Harhura in the Temara area.

He is also considered to be one of the foremost masters and sculptors of modifying various materials (stones and bones) to obtain tools of various shapes and sizes. .

Excavations at these caves have revealed the presence of numerous archaeological remains (al-Jazeera).

Excavations at the caves have uncovered more than 350 artefacts, including sea shell jewelery, more than 350 pieces, and remains of red dye. The skin was discovered, which is considered to be the oldest in the world.

Al-Hajrawi explains, “Atri observed the appearance and appearance of the man adorning himself, dressing, adorning with ornaments, dyeing. Thus, it is. Will lose value. “

He added, “This kind of communication is the highest level of communication between humans to date, and dyeing is the mixing of two different raw materials to achieve a completely different third substance by mixing natural clay and water. In ancient times, he was able to cultivate and subdue fire and deal with certain natural phenomena.

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The skull of an Atari man found in the Thar al-Sultan cave on the outskirts of the city of Rabat (al-Jazeera).

Important results

During the research, the study team faced major challenges related to the time factor, and al-Hajrawi explained, “Therefore, we need an excavation process to reach the remains and remains of our predecessors, but at the same time, it is considered a demolition process because no artifact has its Disposed of and removed from its original place, almost 100 years ago, man could not be returned to him, so all necessary precautionary measures must be taken during the excavation.This process requires a lot of time, alertness and effort so as not to lose any information that we may need and fix in the future.

The Moroccan research team, along with its French counterpart, plans to continue archeological research into the behavior of Atri man in the caves of the city of Rabat, including the cave of “Lemonasra” and al-Harhura 2. “The caves are within the framework of the new agreement.

Nadia Barnett
Nadia Barnett
"Award-winning beer geek. Extreme coffeeaholic. Introvert. Avid travel specialist. Hipster-friendly communicator."

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