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18 facts about the rights of mentally ill people under the law. Know them



18 facts about the rights of mentally ill people under the law. Know them

The Mental Patient Care Act specifies procedures and guarantees for the protection and care of the patient. It also defines the rights of the mental patient and stipulates that the mental patient shall enjoy the following rights:

1. Receive appropriate care in a safe and clean environment.

2. Prohibition to restrict his liberty contrary to the provisions of this Act.

3. Noting the name and status of all members of the treatment team caring for him at the facility.

4. Refusing to be interviewed or treated by anyone on the treatment team, if he responds to this right within the limits of available abilities.

5. He received complete information about the diagnosis given for his condition, the proposed treatment plan and possible improvements in his condition.

6. The treatment given to him should be in accordance with established medical standards recognized in scientific circles.

7. Necessity of obtaining Scientific Research Ethics Committee approval before undergoing any clinical research.

8 – If he agrees to undergo experiments and scientific research, if he is prohibited from conducting experiments on patients subject to compulsory admission and treatment decisions, he must receive a full explanation of the purpose of the experiment.

9 – To protect the confidentiality of information related to him and his medical file and not to disclose that information for purposes other than therapeutic purposes except in the following cases:

– Requesting information from a judicial officer.

– There is a strong possibility of serious harm or serious injury to the patient or others.

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– Cases of child abuse or suspected abuse.

– Section 7 of this Act Section No. 4 The right of the National Council for Mental Health to create a technical committee of specialist doctors entitled to review patient records in accordance with s.

10 – Protection of his privacy, personal belongings and residence in the facility.

11 – Obtaining a complete medical report on his psychological condition and all the tests and treatments conducted on him during his treatment in the hospital, if he wants to scan the entire file, he can seek it. The competent Council for Mental Health may temporarily suspend this right for therapeutic reasons and the patient may complain against the practice in accordance with the provisions of this Act and its administrative regulations.

12 – Complaint against any action in accordance with the rules and procedures prescribed by the administrative regulations of this Act.

13 – Refusal to meet visitors unless interviews or interviews conflict with the treatment plan.

14- Helping him meet his lawyer.

15 – Taking medical leave as per treatment plan drawn up for him.

16 – Requesting his family members to leave the facility unaccompanied at the end of his period of compulsory admission, after having a post-discharge psychological care plan in view of his social concern.

17 – Protection from economic and sexual exploitation, physical and psychological abuse and degrading treatment.

18 – Receiving internal and external communication services in accordance with the established treatment plan in cases of voluntary treatment:

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A. Obtain the information necessary to give open, free and informed consent to each treatment proposed by the treatment team.

B. He refused the treatment offered to him and was informed of the effect this refusal would have on his health.

D. He had a say in all decisions regarding his treatment and discharge and received his treatment and discharge plan in writing from facility management.

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Why not keep your toothbrush in the bathroom?



Why not keep your toothbrush in the bathroom?


We all know that maintaining oral hygiene is very important and the most important step to do this is to brush your teeth twice a day with mouthwash and floss.

But according to experts, you could be putting your oral hygiene at risk by storing your toothbrush in the bathroom.

“Storing your toothbrush in the bathroom can expose you to a variety of health problems, but the level of risk varies depending on the bathroom environment and your specific habits,” explains Dr. Payal Bhalla, principal dentist and medical director of Quest Dental.

Dr. Balla says that aerosolized bacteria can pose a problem because “when you flush the toilet, especially when the lid is open, small droplets containing bacteria and other microorganisms can splash out and settle on nearby surfaces, including your toothbrush.”

When your toothbrush is near the toilet, it’s “more likely to come into contact with airborne particles and water splashes” that “lead to contamination.”

Bathrooms can also be a humid environment, which can encourage the growth of bacteria and mold on your toothbrush.

In shared bathrooms, “there is a greater potential for cross-contamination as multiple people use the space and touch different surfaces.”

As for faecal particles, which can be on your toothbrush, Dr. Bhalla explains: “It’s possible to have faecal particles in the bathroom environment, including surfaces like your toothbrush. This can happen when toilets are cleaned. Not closing the lid, and brushing can release small droplets of faecal bacteria and other microbes into the air. .To reduce the risk of faecal particles coming into contact with your toothbrush, you can follow hygiene tips such as rinsing your toothbrush before using it, storing it upright, covering it with the toothbrush, and closing the toilet lid when washing.

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She also recommends “rinsing your toothbrush thoroughly under tap water before using it” because it “will help remove any potential contaminants. Also place your toothbrush upright in a toothbrush cup and allow it to air dry. Make sure it doesn’t touch other toothbrushes. ” To prevent cross contamination.

Dr. Bhalla emphasized the importance of changing toothbrushes “every three to four months or so” to keep them healthy and effective.

He added: “To reduce the spread of airborne particles, close the toilet lid before cleaning, use a breathable toothbrush cover to protect your toothbrush from bathroom contaminants, and regularly clean the toothbrush holder or cup to prevent bacteria and mold build-up. “

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The Day of the Big Clash… NASA on Historic Mission to Save Earth (Photos)



The Day of the Big Clash… NASA on Historic Mission to Save Earth (Photos)

02:35 PM

Wednesday, September 20, 2023

Scientists believe that September 24, 2182 marks the date that the asteroid “Bennu” will hit the Earth, so the American space agency NASA is preparing to undertake a dangerous mission to prevent a collision and save our planet from destruction.

According to NASA, this space rock passes close to our planet every 6 years, but it will have a very close encounter with Earth after another 159 years, and if it collides with us, its force will be equal to 22 nuclear bombs.

Although the odds of a cataclysmic impact are estimated at 1 in 2,700, NASA sent a spacecraft to Bennu 7 years ago to collect samples from it. They hope the data will help them prepare for an asteroid deflection mission similar to NASA’s DART mission, which successfully changed the orbit of the small asteroid moon Temorphos last year.

The asteroid samples will reach Earth this week, landing in the Utah desert on September 24.

“We’re now in the final stages of this seven-year mission,” Rich Burns, OSIRIS-REx program manager at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, told the Sunday Telegraph.

Bennu is about 492 meters wide (about half the size of the asteroid that killed the dinosaurs), so it wasn’t big enough to cause global extinction.

NASA estimated that it could have an impact 9 kilometers wide and cause devastation in a radius of about 1,000 kilometers from the crash site.

Between now and 2300 the chance of Bennu colliding with Earth is 1750.

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“The raw materials from asteroid Bennu will help shed light on how our solar system formed 4.5 billion years ago and how life began on Earth,” said Nicola Fox, associate administrator of NASA’s Science Operations Directorate in Washington.

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Hurricane Daniel: No Evidence of Epidemic Spread in Terna by Accumulated Bodies – World Health



Hurricane Daniel: No Evidence of Epidemic Spread in Terna by Accumulated Bodies – World Health

image source, Emergency Medicine and Support Center

Comment on photo,

Rescue teams face obstacles due to the rugged topography of mountains and valleys in Terna city.

  • author, Zainab is a hyena
  • stock, BBC News

Although the bodies of those killed by Hurricane Daniel were decomposing, the organization had no evidence that they had serious infectious diseases, said Dr. Ahmed Suidan, the World Health Organization’s representative in Libya.

“This could happen if the death is associated with an infectious disease like cholera or Ebola,” Zoiden added in an interview with the BBC.

The reports came as fears began to loom on the horizon that the piles of bodies could fuel the spread of disease in Derna, one of the Libyan cities worst hit by the cyclone.

In this regard, he said that any diseases or epidemics are spread only through contaminated water, adding that “there is an urgent need to provide safe drinking water and sanitation to people to avoid spreading any diseases through water or food.”

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