The Relief, Recovery and Peace Day will focus on accelerating adaptation and addressing loss and damage, including in fragile and conflict-affected environments that face severe barriers to accessing climate finance and catalyzing action.
Health and the extent to which it affects and is affected by various climate extreme events is one of the most important issues to be discussed at the Conference of the Parties (COP28).
Increase in death toll
About 250,000 people could die from 2030 to 2050 due to malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress, according to the World Health Organization.
Infectious diseases will also increase their prevalence due to climate change. According to researchers, these diseases such as malaria have increased their prevalence in recent years in many parts of the world affected by climate change.
This phenomenon has led to an unprecedented rise in temperature, and this has a direct impact on human health and increases the stress on those suffering from certain chronic diseases, especially heart and respiratory diseases such as sun stroke in summer. and mental health.
Water and air pollution
Water and air are basic resources for human health, but increasing their pollution can have serious consequences on human health and lead to the spread of food, water and other vector-borne diseases. Fossil fuel emissions are a major contributor to water and air pollution.
Good food is a very important factor in maintaining human health, but changes in its quality due to climate change, whether agricultural or animal, can have a negative impact on public health.
The risks of climate change affect the health of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, including women, children, the elderly, poor communities and individuals suffering from difficult health conditions, and increasing pressures on the health services sector due to the abundance of diseases.
Despite the risks of climate change to public health, the global response to these challenges remains, according to many, equitable. Immediate action is needed to save millions of lives, especially reducing emissions and accelerating the transition to clean energy.
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