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Do not split a pill for these reasons health



Do not split a pill for these reasons health

Can a pill be split or crushed, when does it spoil, and what makes the medicine spoil? What is a chewable tablet? Can the capsule be separated? How long does a pill last in the stomach?

The Chamber of Pharmacists in the German state of Hesse warned of the risk of splitting a prescription pill for this purpose, which could lead to serious consequences such as loss of effect, overdose or increased side effects. .

Chamber added that just because there is a notch in the middle of the pill does not mean that it can be split. Perhaps the significance of this spot is to easily distinguish the drugs from others.

If it is difficult to take the drug pill due to its large size, you can consult a doctor or pharmacist about the possibility of changing it to another drug with the same effect and in a smaller amount.

Not with a kitchen knife

On the other hand, the German Chamber cautioned against splitting pharmaceutical tablets with a kitchen knife, as this could result in the loss of the active ingredient and the breaking of parts of the tablet if not split properly. A very suitable option for splitting the drug pill.

In general, take the divided pill immediately to avoid losing its effect.

Can tablets be crushed?

Do not crush or open oral tablets. As drug delivery systems become increasingly complex, tablets and capsules may have special coatings, for example, ‘sugar-coated’, ‘film-coated’ or ‘enteric-coated’, or may be designed to modify the rate of drug release. Body.

When does a pill go bad?

Medicines can deteriorate if stored in inappropriate conditions, for example in hot environments, water leaks or humidity.

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According to the US Food and Drug Administration, you should pay attention to the expiration date as expired medicinal products may be less effective or dangerous due to a change in the chemical composition or a decrease in the effectiveness of the product.

Some outdated medications are at risk for bacterial overgrowth, and less effective antibiotics may fail to treat infections, leading to more severe disease and antibiotic resistance. Once the expiration date has passed, there is no guarantee that the drug will be safe and effective. If your medicine has expired, do not use it.

What is a chewable tablet?

Chewable tablets are an oral dose that is chewed and then swallowed by the patient instead of being swallowed whole. According to the US Food and Drug Administration, they should be palatable and designed to be easy to chew and swallow.

When does the tablet dissolve?

Generally, it takes about 30 minutes for most medications to dissolve in the stomach. If the drug is coated with a special coating — which helps protect the drug from stomach acids — the treatment may take longer to reach the bloodstream.

Can the capsule be separated?

As with tablets, capsules should never be crushed, opened, chewed or swallowed.

Examples of unopened or uncrushed capsules and tablets include:

Controlled release

  • Enteric coated
  • Long acting
  • Modified release
  • Prolonged action
  • Sustained release
  • Extended release

Drinks that nullify the effect of the drug

According to the Mayo Clinic, certain foods and beverages can interact with many types of medications.

Problems arise because natural chemicals or nutrients found in foods or drinks can interfere with the drug, making it less effective or having a stronger effect. Foods or drinks can also affect the enzymes in your body that break down or metabolize the drug. As a result, the drug may stay in your body for a very short or a very long time.

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A drug that breaks down too quickly may not have time to work. On the other hand, a drug that remains in the body for a long time can reach a dangerous level.

Some of these interactions can cause serious health problems. High blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, muscle weakness and bleeding are common and serious side effects.

Common foods and drinks that can cause problems with your medications include:

  • Some fruits like grapefruit, orange, pomelo and cranberry and their juices.
  • Some vegetables rich in vitamin K, such as cabbage, spinach and kale, and other foods such as soybeans, broccoli, carrot juice and pomegranate.
  • Tyramine is an amino acid found in fermented cheese, pickles and fermented foods such as sauerkraut and kimchi, processed meats such as sausages and shrimp, or certain sauces such as soy sauce.
  • Licorice or licorice extract in candy or tea.
  • Milk and milk products.
  • Alcohol (alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages) and caffeinated beverages such as coffee, tea or soda.

Time for the effect of the drug to expire

Medicines gradually deteriorate as a result of many activities, even when they are stored under appropriate conditions, according to Doctors Without Borders.

The organization adds, “In most countries, laws oblige manufacturers to test the stability of their products under standard conditions to ensure a minimum shelf life. The expiration date specified by the manufacturer indicates that the therapeutic effect of the drug has not changed up to this date. (The presence of at least 90% of the active ingredient in the drug and No significant increase in toxicity of the drug).

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The expiration date stated on the packaging is based on the shelf life of the medicine in its original, unopened container. Common warranty periods are between 3 and 5 years, and some less standard products are warranted for 1 or 2 years.

Expiration dates should be indicated on packages along with any safety and storage requirements.

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How to inquire about health card number in Qatar



How to inquire about health card number in Qatar

Qatar Health Card is considered as one of the most important services provided to all Qatari citizens by the Government of Qatar, eager to serve the citizen and provide him with all his basic needs. So, you can now apply for a health card after fulfilling all the necessary conditions on the official website of the “We take care of you” application. This is what we will discuss in this article. Follow us.

Health Card Qatar

There are several ways in which you can apply for a health card in Qatar, as stated by the Government of Qatar through its official website through a few simple steps:

  • First, you need to login to the government website Here.
  • Log in to the national authentication system using your Qatari ID number.
  • Then you need to enter your password.
  • Click on Service to get Qatar Health Card.
  • Enter all the required data from you in the space provided for it and attach all the necessary documents and documents.
  • Finally, click the Send Request icon.

read more: How to check health card validity date in Qatar

Investigation of health card in Qatar

Health Card Qatar

Now that we know about the process of applying for a health card in Qatar, we will now discuss how to inquire about a health card in Qatar to ensure the validity of your health card and enjoy the health care provided. Through the following:

  • You need to login to the official website of my government Here.
  • Click on the Electronic Services tab.
  • Several options will appear. Select the Electronic Health Card Services tab.
  • Click on Health Card Update option.
  • Write all the required data from you in the space provided.
  • Souq will show you all the health card data so you can check the validity of the card.

read more: How to renew health card in Qatar and renewal fees.

Qatar Health Card No

If you want to know your Qatar Health Card number, there are some simple steps you can take through the Hukoomi website. So, here are the steps to verify the card number as follows:

  • Log in to the official Hukoomi website Here.
  • Enter the ID card number in the space provided.
  • Click on the check expiration date icon.
  • After completing the previous steps, click on the Continue icon to display your Qatar Health Card number.

How much does health insurance cost in Qatar?

The cost of health insurance in Qatar is approximately four hundred ninety five Qatari Riyals.

How do I get a health card number?

Qatar Health Card number can be obtained through inquiry service on Hukoomi website.

How do I get a health card in Qatar?

A Qatar Health Card can be obtained by paying a fee of one hundred Qatari Riyals.

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Artificial intelligence raises concerns for Britain.. The Guardian: Concerns include the development of biological weapons, terrorist uses and causing havoc. Extinction is science fiction



Artificial intelligence raises concerns for Britain.. The Guardian: Concerns include the development of biological weapons, terrorist uses and causing havoc.  Extinction is science fiction

By: Nihal Abu Al-Saud

Tuesday, September 26, 2023 at 05:00 AM

Concerns about the power of the next generation of controversial artificial intelligence technology are growing in Britain, between its supporters and detractors, from criminals and terrorists using the technology to achieve their goals, to frequent scenes in sci-fi movies. About a machine escaping human control.

The UK is hosting a summit on AI security in November, and British officials are touring the world ahead of the summit.

According to The Guardian, fears are widespread that criminals or terrorists could use artificial intelligence to accomplish their extremist goals and cause mass death, and some around British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak worry that the technology will soon become powerful enough to help. Individuals develop biological weapons that are out of bounds.

“The purpose is to warn against this,” said a person familiar with the summit talks Artificial Intelligence Risks“Downing Street is paying attention at the moment.”

Frontier AI is a term used to refer to models of artificial intelligence that are dangerous enough to endanger human life, the newspaper noted.

Sunak warned months ago about the dangers posed by artificial intelligence and urged the international community to adopt safeguards to prevent its misuse.

Recent developments in artificial intelligence technology have raised fears among officials. Last year, an artificial intelligence tool was able to suggest 40,000 different potentially lethal biomolecules, some of which were similar to VX, in just 6 hours. .

Earlier this year, researchers found that ChatGPT can lie to a human to achieve a specific goal. The AI-powered chatbot convinced a person to solve a “captcha” tool designed to take down online bots after telling them to a human. Visually impaired and needs help accessing the website.

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Government sources fear that a criminal or terrorist could use artificial intelligence to help prepare the components of a biological weapon before sending them to a lab, where they can be mixed and shipped without any human supervision, a risk some believe will soon increase dramatically. , companies are already spending hundreds of millions of pounds. Sterling is looking for more powerful processors to train the next generation of AI tools.

Another concern is the emergence of “artificial general intelligence,” which refers to an artificially intelligent system capable of autonomously performing any task at or above human level—and which could pose an existential threat to humans in years to come.

On the other hand, the existential risk approach to general AI has been criticized by AI experts, who argue that the threat is overstated. Last week, a senior tech executive told US lawmakers that the notion of uncontrollable public AI was… “fiction”.

Several world leaders, including Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and French President Emmanuel Macron, are expected to attend the summit. The UK has invited China to participate.

The British government confirmed that the summit would focus on risks such as the misuse of artificial intelligence to develop biological weapons or electronic attacks, and the emergence of advanced systems that escape human control.

He said in a statement: “There are two areas that the summit will focus on in particular: the risks of misuse, for example when new AI capabilities help a bad actor in biological or cyber attacks, and the risks of losing control. The risks may arise from the advanced systems we want to “counter it”.

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Sunak warned months ago about the dangers posed by artificial intelligence and urged the international community to adopt safeguards to prevent its misuse.

Downing Street is reportedly spending £100m on a new artificial intelligence team. The United Kingdom to evaluate them before using them more widely. .

A Downing Street spokesman said AI has “huge potential to transform every aspect of life and the Frontier AI Taskforce has been established to ensure technology is developed safely and responsibly”. Potential risks.

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Finding the genetic causes of a rare cancer affecting the kidney



Finding the genetic causes of a rare cancer affecting the kidney

An international team led by researchers at the British Wellcome Sanger Institute has revealed a new drug target that could act as an alternative treatment for kidney cancer if doctors don’t recommend surgery. According to the results of a study published in the journal Nature Communications (Monday), this rare cancerous form of kidney tumor is called Renin tumor, and its complete genetic code has been understood for the first time.

Reninoma is one of the rarest cancers in humans, with only about 100 cases reported worldwide. Although it can usually be treated with surgery, it can cause severe high blood pressure and develop into malignant tumors that can spread.

There are still no medical treatments for kidney tumors, as treatment management only involves surgery. Before the results of the latest study came out, it was not known what genetic error caused these types of tumors.

Reninoma is one of the rarest cancerous tumors in humans (Public Domain).

According to the study’s co-principal investigator, Dr. Sam Bagadi, Wellcome Senior Research Fellow at the Wellcome Sanger Institute: “The significance of our results is that we have succeeded in discovering the essence of this type of tumor. Based on the fact that it is so rare, there have been no previous studies on it.

He added to Asharq Al-Awsat: “Not only have we been able to understand the genetic code of a kidney tumor, but we have also shown that drugs can counteract what triggers it, and this may be important for patients whose tumors cannot be removed. through surgery.”

Researchers have identified a specific error in the genetic code of a known cancer gene called NOTCH1, which is behind the development of this rare cancer.

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“This is the first time we have identified the causes of kidney tumors, and we believe our work will continue to pave the way for new treatments,” said lead study author Taryn Trescher at the Wellcome Sanger Institute.

The team has already studied two cancer samples, one from a young adult and the other from a child, using advanced genetic techniques. Their findings suggest that existing drugs that actually target this gene could be used as a potential solution for treating kidney tumors in patients for whom surgery is not a viable option.

Dr Tansina Chowdhury, lead researcher on the study at Great Ormond Street Hospital in the UK, explained: “Rare forms of kidney cancer known as renal tumors do not respond to traditional anti-cancer treatments. “Currently the only known treatment is surgery.” She added: “There is a specific, well-known gene that drives this rare cancer. Our study shows that the studied gene has “If we use drugs that are already known to affect this gene, we can deal with it without the need for invasive medical technology like surgery.”

Here Bahjati said: “Rare cancers are a huge challenge for research and analysis. Patients with other types of tumors may not benefit from them. “But here is a powerful example of cutting-edge science that is changing our understanding of an extremely rare type of tumor: a discovery that could have immediate clinical benefits for patients.” He added: “We will continue to study these extremely rare tumors to understand their genetic code, which we hope will reveal more new therapeutic approaches.”

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