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Is two minutes of brushing enough? Here is what the evidence proves



هل يكفي تنظيف أسنانك لمدة دقيقتين في كل مرة؟ .. إليك ما تثبته الأدلة

Many people know that to keep your teeth and mouth healthy, you need to brush your teeth at least twice a day for at least two minutes at a time.

Some people overestimate how long it takes to brush your teeth, however, there is some evidence that even a two minute brushing may not be enough.

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According to research, the best results for removing dental plaque as much as possible (also known as microbial plaque, oral biofilm, dental biofilm, also known as dental plaque biofilm or bacterial plaque biofilm) can be achieved in three to four minutes.

Does this mean we have to double the brushing time?

Dentists began to recommend brushing teeth for two minutes in the 1970s, followed by the use of a soft bristle brush. However, today’s consensus is largely based on studies published since the 1990s that looked at the timing and techniques of brushing and the type of toothbrushing.

These studies show that two-minute brushing leads to better (but not better) plaque reduction. But while brushing for more than two minutes removes excess plaque, there is still a lack of research to examine whether brushing for more than two minutes is associated with long-term oral health.

Based on what we know about the damage caused by microbial plaque, removing it every time we brush is associated with better oral health.

The lack of this evidence is significant due to the difficulty in conducting long-term studies.

When we brush our teeth, we do it with the main goal of removing the germs called tooth plaque from the surface of the teeth. This plaque is an accumulation of bacteria, fungi and viruses that live together in a community called microbial biofilm. Biomass is very viscous and can only be removed with a brush.

Many things facilitate the growth of these germs, such as the rough areas on the tooth surface (such as some fillings), the inability to reach certain areas with the toothbrush (such as the gaps between the teeth) or the use of braces.

In fact, plaque biofilms develop on our teeth within a few hours of brushing, which is why we recommend brushing twice a day.

Failure to brush our teeth properly or for a long period of time can lead to large amounts of plaque, which can eventually activate the body’s immune system and eventually lead to conditions such as gingivitis.

The infection is usually painless, but there is bleeding gums and sometimes bad breath when brushing teeth. Biofilms can also cause tooth decay.

The right technique

The goal of brushing teeth is to minimize microbial plaque on each tooth as much as possible.

Current evidence suggests that spending more than four minutes brushing each time will clean your teeth.

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Why not crush the ice with your teeth and how to get rid of this habit?

If this is the long brushing time, we can reach the most effective and difficult places for brushing teeth.

But be careful not to brush too much (more than twice a day) and avoid brushing vigorously or using abrasive toothpastes and brushes as this can damage our teeth and gums, especially when using toothpaste or abrasive toothpaste with hard bristles.

There are various brushing techniques you can use to brush your teeth properly. One of the most recommended techniques is to brush below and below the gum line, as plaque will first form and cause swelling.

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Also to avoid damaging the soft and hard tissues in the mouth, always brush your teeth using a soft brush.

Many factors can affect the technique you use, the type of brush, toothpaste or floss. For example, those who have damaged the surface of their teeth due to drinking highly acidic beverages may have weaker teeth.

This may mean that they are more likely to have further tooth damage if they use abrasive toothpaste and hard bristles on their toothbrush. Therefore, it is recommended to consult a dentist to find out what you should use to clean your teeth.

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British expert: Do not brush your teeth after breakfast!

Studies have shown that flossing can reduce tooth decay and gingivitis, so interdental cleaning is recommended in addition to brushing teeth, which most of us know as flossing.

The best method of flossing is to move the floss between the gums and teeth, holding it firmly on the tooth, gently rubbing the surface of the tooth up and down, and slowly advancing. Under the gum line.

Although we are accustomed to the advice to brush our teeth twice a day for two minutes at a time, it is important to focus on using the right technique to ensure that we brush our teeth well and correctly.

Source: Metro

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Lung Diseases in Winter… 5 Tips to Maintain Health in Elderly



Lung Diseases in Winter… 5 Tips to Maintain Health in Elderly

By Anas al-Banna

Thursday, 7 December, 2023 10:29 AM

Winter marks the best time for the development of many viruses that are active during cold weather and affect many organs of the body, among them the most important ones Lungs Especially among certain groups.

According to my website Health site“, and this” Lung base“Older people and children are prone to lung diseases when the temperature drops, so the following tips should be followed to avoid lung problems in winter.

Monitor indoor air quality

As older adults spend a significant amount of time indoors, indoor air quality should be maintained as well as possible, and studies have shown that improving indoor air quality can significantly benefit respiratory health. Practical measures such as regular ventilation and use of air purifiers show promising reductions. Up to 30% of respiratory-related hospitalizations among the elderly

Take precautions

Emphasis should be placed on adopting multiple preventive measures to improve protection, such as masks, during outbreaks, and their use as a preventive measure to protect against airborne viruses should be encouraged.

Get vaccinated

Taking steps to protect yourself from respiratory infections like influenza, pneumonia, and corona is especially important if you have lung disease or are elderly, because vaccination is one of the most effective ways to maintain your health and reduce the severity of viruses. Problems with your health.

Maintain healthy habits

It is important to follow a balanced diet and exercise regularly to strengthen your immune system and increase efficiency. However, in winter you may face difficulties in regular exercise, but you should encourage yourself to improve lung health. The food you eat provides. A body with the nutrients and energy it needs to breathe. Choose light meals. Nutritious.

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Adherence to treatment

Patients with lung disease should not stop taking regular medications without consulting a doctor.

A lung exam is performed

Doctors recommend regular lung health screening, especially for people with a family history of lung disease, smokers and people living in polluted areas.

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“Health” improves national framework on climate change



“Health” improves national framework on climate change

The Ministry of Health and Social Security has announced the update of the UAE National Framework on Climate Change and its Impact on Health as part of efforts to combat climate change and the effects of air pollution on health.

The framework launched by the Ministry, in collaboration with the World Health Organization and in collaboration with relevant government agencies at the state level, aims to address the impact of climate change on health and ensure the well-being of community members.

This happened during a session organized by the ministry as part of the proceedings of the twenty-eighth session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28) hosted by the United Arab Emirates at Expo City Dubai.

The national framework focuses on several axes: governance, policies and participation to protect health from climate change and resilient health systems to address climate change through robust monitoring, early warning and response. In addition to mobilizing support for improving the public health response to climate change.

Dr Hussain Abdul Rahman Al-Rand, Assistant Undersecretary for Public Health at the Ministry of Health and Social Security, said: “A proactive response to climate change in the health sector in the UAE is one of the government’s priorities. The Ministry of Health and Social Security recognizes that having tools to monitor, control and predict disease is a pillar. “This is essential in achieving the declaration of establishing a world-leading health system and renewing the UAE’s national framework. Climate change and its impact on health is part of its efforts and interest to implement effective measures to prevent the impact of climate change and air pollution on health.

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Al-Rand added: “The Ministry worked with its partners to update the national framework by benefiting from its previous experiences when it was launched in 2019, as this update keeps pace with climate changes and changes occurring globally, and helps. Anticipate the consequences of this issue and its implications for changing disease patterns in order to protect the health and well-being of community members.


Head of the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Ministry of Health and Social Protection, Dr. Maysoun Al-Shali and Dr Mazen Malkawi, representative of the World Health Organization, participated in a discussion session following the announcement. National framework, health and environmental policy makers, in the presence of an elite group of experts and health professionals, and climate change, a group of researchers and people interested in climate issues.

The session saw discussions on the importance of the UAE National Framework on Climate Change and Health as it has a strategic response to the public health challenges posed by climate change and ensures its effectiveness and continuity in line with global best practices. Health challenges associated with climate change.

The session focused on addressing current policies on climate change and health, how to integrate climate change into health policies and strategies, improve community participation, raise awareness of the health impacts of climate change, and improve intergovernmental collaboration. , the private sector and international organizations discuss the importance of establishing robust monitoring systems to monitor impacts and climate-related health.


Dr. Maysoun Al-Shali stressed that expert discussions of health and environmental policymakers and climate change experts will improve the effectiveness of this framework and contribute to the development of evidence-based policies and strategies that address the health effects of climate change. To transform and ensure the well-being of populations, the exchange of knowledge, experiences and best practices among participants leads to increased awareness and capacity building of climate change and its impact on health.

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It is noteworthy that the Ministry of Health and Social Security, as part of its efforts to update the UAE National Framework on Climate Change and its Impact on Health, organized training workshops on measuring and assessing the impacts of climate change. It was discussed, in collaboration with the World Health Organization Regional Office and relevant government agencies in the country, that these workshops included methods and ways to assess the risks of air pollution on health, and implementation of more. Group exercises to measure and assess health vulnerability to climate change and evaluate existing response and adaptation options in the health sector.

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What do you know about “psychological cough”? How to remove it and when do you need a doctor?



What do you know about “psychological cough”?  How to remove it and when do you need a doctor?

By Fatima Yasser

Wednesday, December 6, 2023 at 04:00 PM

Dr. Ibrahim Rashid, Consultant Psychiatrist at Qasr Al-Aini Faculty of Medicine, said that some people, when exposed to psychological stress, tension, anxiety and insomnia, CoughIt is basically the body’s reaction as a result of controlling negative emotions.

The psychological consultant also said that psychological cough is a non-pathological symptom, which means that the person is not sick with a disease like cold or flu, the reason why it is called psychological cough is due to a psychological factor and not pathological.

Rashid pointed out that psychological cough occurs in the form of repeated attacks and increases when a person is stressed and anxious, and is accompanied by certain symptoms such as itching at the back of the throat and inability to breathe normally. In addition to the urge to cough, these symptoms cause insomnia in a person. And if the psychological cause leading to the cough is not controlled and treated, things can get worse.

The mental health consultant explained that dealing with the psychological factors that lead to coughing is one of the most important tips to get rid of it. You can practice yoga as it helps in managing and coping with cough. Tactics that contribute to psychological relaxation and a sense of peace, so don’t hesitate.

If the symptoms get worse, he should consult a psychiatrist to get rid of the stress and anxiety causing the cough, he said, adding that all this happens only after confirming that the person has no other cause. Appearance of cough.

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