Back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the world in general, and the most common in the United States. Anyone can suffer from back pain and almost everyone will suffer from back pain at some point in their life.
Back pain is the most common physical pain of all. Every day, about two percent of people are disabled by back pain, which makes them unable to perform daily tasks. In the United States alone, 80 to 90 percent of people suffer from back pain at some point in their lives.
Back pain can start mild and cause some discomfort, or it can become so bad that it interferes with normal life and can make you unable to go to work.
There are many possible causes of back pain, and it is wise to see a healthcare provider to find the cause and seek treatment instead of guessing and self-diagnosing. It may have common causes such as muscle cramps or an underlying condition such as kidney stones, a herniated disc or inflammation of the lining of the back.In women, the uterus.
Treatment varies depending on the cause and symptoms, and there are many factors involved. However, there are steps you can take to improve your health and reduce your chances of developing chronic or long-term back pain.
According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), back pain is the second most common reason for visits to health care providers (after the common cold).
Types of back pain
According to the Cleveland Clinic, back pain is classified by medical professionals in several ways. Depending on the location of the pain, you may describe back pain as: pain in the left, middle, upper, middle or lower back, or right side. Different types of pain may be identified by the health care provider, such as mild, moderate, or severe pain. The pain may be like a sharp stab or a specific ache.
Back pain can also be classified by how long it lasts. Back pain can last for a day, a few weeks, months, or a lifetime. It can be either an acute attack (in the form of a sudden and short attack, often associated with an injury) or chronic/persistent pain, meaning pain lasting between 3 and 6 months.
Who is at risk for back pain? There are several factors that increase the risk of developing back pain, and they may include:
* Fitness level: Back pain is more common in people who are not physically fit. For example, weak back and abdominal muscles may not support the spine properly (core strength). Back pain can be exacerbated by prolonged inactivity (excessive) exercise.
* Weight gain: A diet high in calories and fat, combined with an inactive lifestyle, can lead to obesity, which can put more strain on the back.
*Work-related risk factors: Jobs that involve lifting, pushing, pulling or twisting heavy objects can lead to back injury. A desk job can also play a role, especially if you have poor posture or sit in an uncomfortable chair all day.
* Stress condition: If you suffer from poor sleep, chronic depression or anxiety, back pain can be frequent and severe.
* Genetics: Genetics play a role in some disorders that cause back pain.
* Age: The older you get, the more likely you are to suffer from back pain, especially after the age of 45. A person is at high risk if:
– He doesn’t exercise.
– You already have arthritis or a type of cancer.
– He is overweight.
– Lifts heavy objects using the back instead of the legs.
– He suffers from anxiety or depression.
– Smoking or using other tobacco products.
Local and diffuse pain
What causes back pain? Back pain can be localized, such as pain in the spine, muscles, and other tissues in the back, or diffuse, such as pain caused by a problem in an organ that radiates or feels like it is in the back. It contains Examples of both include:
* Localized back pain: The cause may be in the spine, for example:
* In women, common causes of back pain are: endometriosis – pregnancy – uterine fibroids.
* Among those assigned male at birth (AMAB), presenting with back pain may be due to testicular injury or torsion.
A herniated disc is one of the causes of back pain. What are its causes? And its symptoms? And treatment methods? Can it be avoided or prevented?
Professor Mohamed Melhem Arouz, senior consultant in neurosurgery, spine surgery and minimally invasive surgery and senior consultant in chronic pain management, spoke to “Your Health” and he initially provided a simple overview of the anatomy of the spine. Of the 33 vertebrae: 7 cervical vertebrae. That is, between each vertebra and the other, there is a cartilage called “disc”.
The function of this “disc” is to act as a cushion between the vertebrae, protecting the spine by absorbing shocks from it. Cartilage, or the disc, consists of a gelatinous substance surrounded by an outer fibrous belt that prevents the disc from moving or slipping out of place.
Causes of disc pain:
*Unspecified causes; This results in pain where:
– Lack of movement and weakness of trunk muscles.
– Muscle tension as a result of incorrect and excessive continuous loads.
– Long and long hours of sitting without movement (sitting in front of the computer), driving for long periods of time.
– Overweight and obesity.
– Hard physical labor on the one hand.
– Stress and stress such as stress in work and studies.
– Changes in pain perception and genetic predisposition.
– Family and financial problems, constant anxiety and self-doubt.
* Back pain due to identifiable physical causes, for example:
– Acute herniated disc.
– Vertebral fractures for various reasons, including: accidents – osteoporosis – metastases and tumors – infections – spinal canal stenosis (central, peripheral, lateral, central and peripheral).
Nucleus pulposus herniation occurs at all ages and peaks between 40 and 50. 70 percent male and 30 percent female. waist; About 90 percent, cervical vertebrae about 10 percent, and thoracic vertebrae about one percent.
Symptoms and diagnosis
* Symptoms of Herniated Disc:
– Pain in back and lower back.
– Pain extending to knee and leg or forearm and hand with tingling, numbness, loss of sensation in leg or arm, or paralysis-like sensation. In advanced cases, there are problems with urination and excretion.
Professor Muhammad Melhem Aras emphasizes the importance of arriving early and on time for the final diagnosis, which leads to a good outcome and gives the patient a greater chance to avoid further harm, and the diagnosis depends on:
– Medical history of the injured person and his family.
– Medical diagnosis.
– General examinations and blood tests.
– Radiography (computed tomography – magnetic resonance imaging).
– Nerve planning.
After diagnosing the disease, a treatment plan is drawn up, specifying that each patient needs his own treatment plan consistent with his symptoms and clinical and radiological status.
The fourth and fifth steps are usually the last resort when the patient is in critical condition due to paralysis, urinary incontinence, defecation problems, foot drop etc.
Herniated disc treatment
Treatment options for a herniated disc are divided into 5 categories:
* Conservative treatments, including: physical therapy – ultrasound therapy – electrotherapy – heat and cryotherapy – magnetic field therapy – swimming.
* Drug treatments, including: first-class analgesics (ibuprofen, Ticlac) – second-class analgesics with moderate morphine (tilidine, tramadol) – third-class analgesics with high concentrations of morphine.
* Minimal treatments without surgery:
– Injection of nerves and nerve roots directed through the CT system.
* Final treatments for postoperative pain (final rate).
When should back pain be admitted to the emergency department?
When it happens:
– Sudden and severe pain.
– Pain with nausea, fever or vomiting and lack of bowel or urinary control.
– The pain is so severe that it interferes with daily activities.
The Cleveland Clinic offers the following advice: Back pain can be very frustrating and interfere with everyday life. But remember that there are many treatment options available to treat back pain and return to normal daily activities.
See your healthcare providers to discuss your options. They are here to help you.
The International Information Network has a foreign worker examination service. Foreigners can book a medical examination to complete the residency transaction. Through this service, foreigners can also set up an appointment with a doctor. The service is to reschedule the date of medical examination and the center where the examination is conducted should be a government centre.
Examination of migrant workers
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Workers can use the Expatriate Worker Screening Service by accessing the website of the Ministry of Health located in Kuwait. This service requires providing necessary information about foreigners and those requesting this service, so we will explain how to use this service. The following are:
Open the Ministry of Health website from here Here.
Select a box that says “Electronic Services.”
Select a box that says Request an appointment.
Put the civil number in your place.
Email reference is in place.
Write the mobile number.
Put your name, gender and your sponsor’s name in the designated box.
Write the serial number of the civil card.
I accept all terms and conditions.
Select the box marked Send.
read more: Link to transfer passport and residence data from one passport to another in Kuwait.
Requirements for reservation of medical examination appointment for overseas workers
The Ministry of Health, located in Kuwait, has clarified the documents and papers required for successful screening of expatriate workers. Therefore, we will explain these papers and documents as follows:
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The application should be submitted on the Ministry’s website.
Preparation of visa including foreigner’s Aadhaar number.
Acceptance of the Terms and Conditions of Use of the Meeting Service.
Submit all documents related to the client, as well as to the sponsor.
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Inquire about medical screening for domestic workers and expatriates
After the expatriate has made the migrant worker selection, he needs to inquire about it, so to do this, we will explain some important steps to be followed below:
Open the Ministry of Health website from here Here.
Select the box that says Clinical Test Result.
Put the reference code in the appropriate place.
Select a box that says “Submit.”
Thus, all the information about the list of overseas workers will appear in front of you.
How do I get the results of the medical test?
The Ministry of Health of the Government of Kuwait sends the examination results to an approved electronic program called Effada launched by the Passport Department.
What are residency screening tests?
The foreigner undergoes a comprehensive medical examination, chest x-ray examination and tests for acquired immunity and tests for hepatitis C virus and syphilis.
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How long does the medical examination take?
The clinical examination takes several hours and may take more than a day.
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The first study of the skin burrowing microbiome (the microbiome is the sum of human or other organisms living on the skin or in the gut) reveals how sudden perturbations such as burrowing can trigger fundamental ecological change. Increases biodiversity, lays the foundation for the development of burrows. A model for understanding how communities respond to rapid environmental change.
From the perspective of the bacteria, eukaryotes, and other microscopic organisms that call the skin home, a puncture is as catastrophic and terrifying an event as a giant earthquake or meteorite strike, and this has been demonstrated in microbial analysis.
Self-engineering of the ecological landscape
In a study conducted by a team from Canada’s McGill University, researchers for the first time introduced science to an unexpected environment, a tattoo parlor. In this first characterization of the human borehole microbiome, the unique human cultural practice of the borehole serves as a model system to better understand how biological communities reassemble after environmental disturbances.
The piercing process usually starts by disinfecting the skin and removing the microbes from it, then creating a new environment for the piercing, which is different from previously unpierced skin, and acts as a “clean slate” for colonization of new microbes. Social.
Charles Shaw, a doctoral student in biology who led the study, said in a press release from the university. Piercing the skin also represents an accidental act. “From Self-Engineering to Environmental Landscape in Human Skin.”
From October 2019 to March 2020, researchers recruited 28 people who had their ears pierced at a specific location in Montreal. Then, skin swab samples were collected before the participants got their ears pierced and several times during the two weeks after the piercings.
Understanding the biological effects of environmental phenomena
The results of the study, published in the journal Royal Society B, highlight how a sudden event like piercing can radically change the skin microbiome. Compared to unpunctured control cases, the puncture site showed an increase in the number of unique DNA sequences and species, indicating an increasingly diverse and ecologically complex microbiome at the puncture site, dominated by two opposite types of bacteria.
With this new understanding of the microbe that penetrates the skin, the study lays the groundwork for further research into the prevention and control of other types of piercing, tattoo microbe and skin infections, says Xu.
Looking beyond the human body, Shaw’s supervisor Professor Rowan Barrett said such studies could help understand the biological consequences of large-scale catastrophic environmental events.
“The hole represents a good model that can be followed to better understand the general processes associated with community assembly after environmental change,” he adds.
Did you know that certain foods can cause anxiety and stress? While caffeine and sugar are known to affect our moods, many unexpected factors can exacerbate these feelings. In this report, we’ll critically examine 10 food triggers, explain why this effect exists, and suggest alternatives. Healthy to help you maintain a balanced and calm state of mind, according to the website “Onegreenplanet”.
1. Processed foods
It often contains Processed foods High amounts of refined carbohydrates, unhealthy fats and additives can cause your blood sugar to spike and crash, causing mood swings and increased anxiety. Choose whole, unprocessed foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
2. Artificial sweeteners
Artificial sweeteners like aspartame and sucralose have been linked to increased anxiety symptoms.Choose natural sweeteners like honey or enjoy the sweetness of natural fruit.
3. Fried foods
Fried foods are often high in unhealthy trans fats, which contribute to inflammation in the body and affect brain health. Instead, opt for baked or grilled alternatives for a healthier option.
4. High fructose corn syrup
High-fructose corn syrup, commonly found in sugary drinks and processed snacks, can increase inflammation and oxidative stress, which can worsen anxiety symptoms. Choose water, herbal teas, or homemade fruit juices instead.
5. Too much salt
Consuming too much salt can upset the balance of electrolytes in the body, leading to dehydration and stress. Instead use herbs, spices or citrus juices to enhance the flavor of your food.
Fast food is usually high in unhealthy fats, sodium and additives. These substances can negatively affect mood and contribute to feelings of anxiety. Choose home-cooked meals using fresh ingredients whenever possible.
7. Dairy products
Some individuals may be sensitive to dairy products, which can cause digestive problems and inflammation, which can affect mood and increase anxiety. Consider alternatives such as almond milk, coconut milk, or dairy-free yogurt.
8. Refined grains
Refined grains such as white bread, white rice, and pasta have a high glycemic index, causing rapid rises and falls in blood sugar levels. This can contribute to mood swings and feelings of anxiety. Choose quinoa, brown rice, and whole grains. Wheat bread instead.
9. Red meat
Consuming high amounts of red meat has been linked to higher levels of anxiety and depression. Try to include lean protein sources like fish, chicken or legumes in your diet.
10. Artificial food coloring
Artificial food coloring, commonly found in processed snacks and beverages, has been linked to hyperactivity and increased anxiety in some individuals, especially children. Choose natural food colors or snacks without artificial colors.