March 23, 2023

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أطروحة دكتوراه مغربية تحقق في الأغلفة الجوية للكواكب الخارجية

Moroccan doctoral dissertation on the atmosphere of exoplanets

This week, the Semlalia Faculty of Science in Marrakech saw a discussion of a doctoral dissertation by student researcher Jamila Shawkar on studying the atmospheres of exoplanets and their reliability.

Chowker discussed his dissertation in front of an arbitral tribunal of ten Moroccan and foreign professors: “Detection and characterization of extraterrestrial atmospheres with JWST”.

This most honorable study was concerned with understanding the properties of the atmospheres visible on extraterrestrial objects, which are the targets of space and terrain observations.

Sugar reports to Hesper that the discovery of numerous exoplanets to date has entered the scientific community into an era of profound interpretation of these worlds.

According to the researcher, “Observations of these planets have shown a great deal of diversity among the discovered planets, the so-called” super-stress “since the discovery of the hot Jupiter and the smaller planets Neptune are unparalleled planets in our solar system.”

“Observations of these planets show the diversity of their physical properties, and great progress has been made in understanding and differentiating them, and in these aspects, we find the atmosphere to be the most interesting feature,” Sugar pointed out. The nature of the atmospheres of these planets is very important, revealing the origin and nature of these distant worlds and their ability to conduct any kind of life.

Moroccan researcher James Webb worked to study the capabilities of the space telescope, which was launched late last year and is the result of a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency to monitor various atmospheres. Chemical components, as he explained the atmosphere of small extraterrestrials, will become more accurate in the coming years with the development of analytical knowledge and technology and the advent of new generation space and ground based telescopes.

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Shoker said his simulations show the telescope’s ability to observe everything vital to life, including methane, water and carbon, and hydrogen, in a very short period of time, and with great accuracy.

A spokesman said the telescope, which was launched last December on a hefty budget, could cause an astronomical revolution as it can observe large telescopes and distant and small objects. Will start sending first information next June.

For his part, Zuhair Pencaltoon, a professor of astronomy at Gaddy Aid University in Marrakesh, who oversees his doctoral research, said Jamila Zucker’s research focuses on tracking the biomarkers of exoplanets.

Benkhaldoun said the student researcher conducted a simulation that could predict key atmospheric features of some of the exoplanets placed in its observation program by the space telescope’s supervisory team “James Webb”.

Benkhaldoun, director of the Oukaimeden Astronomical Observatory, who has contributed to many scientific discoveries in astronomy, said the study was the third and foremost study of the atmosphere in Morocco in relation to the study of extraterrestrials. These planets.