Being late for exams in high school and college has become a natural part of the educational process. But researchers at Brown University and the Reagan Center for Japanese Brain Science have found that the practice is more of a barrier to the learning process, citing the Journal of Neuroscience, Medical News Today.
Researchers have found evidence that sleep helps a person absorb what they have learned while awake through a process that focuses on learning, i.e. the more time a person sleeps, the more time their brain needs to process the knowledge and skills they have acquired. Are awake.
According to Dr. Yuga Sasaki, a leading author of the study of cognitive, linguistic and psychological sciences in the graduate program in neurology at Brown University, sleep facilitates learning. But the researchers had conflicting models to explain how to do this — the application-based model and the learning-based model.
The application-based model states that how much a person learns during sleep is a result of how the brain functions when he is awake. On the other hand, the learning-based model suggests that a person’s sleep during sleep is directly related to a neurological process related to learning.
Two test groups
Dr. Sasaki and his team were trying to figure out what model could help with learning. The researchers used two experimental groups of male and female volunteers.
During the first experiment, participants learned a visual perception (VPL) task called Tissue Discrimination Task (TDT). VPL work enables the brain’s ability to understand what the eye sees, as well as visual and sequential memory, the ability to distinguish one object from another, and various visual perception capabilities such as visual-spatial relationships.
Participants in the first group were subjected to pre-training, DDT training and post-training testing. After the second test they took 90 minutes of sleep. A third test session was conducted after sleep to see how much learning participants retained.
In the second group, participants were also taught TDT work and tested before and after 90 minutes of sleep. But the researchers designed the experiment differently so that the learning process overlapped.
Best results after a nap
The researchers concluded that sleep facilitates learning using a learning-based model. In particular, the research team found that participants in the first test group showed improvement in their understanding of VPL function after 90 min of sleep.
In contrast, those in the second test group showed little or no improvement due to overlap in their training. Furthermore, while examining participants’ brain waves during sleep, the researchers identified two types of brain signals – rapid eye movement (REM) theta function during sleep and sigma activity, which is a reliable source during non-REM sleep. Learning based process.
Theta activity in the brain is associated with learning and working memory. The sigma function, also known as ‘sleep spindles’, plays an important role in integrating long-term memories.
Learning is a different approach
Dr. Sasaki hopes the research findings will encourage changes in how learning occurs in schools: “Research suggests that learning after sleep may be helpful in strengthening and safeguarding. There will be, but it would be a great move if the school time could be changed so that the children get more sleep at night.
Get to bed early
Stella Banus, a neuropsychologist at the Pacific Neuroscience Institute at the Providence St. John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California, and director of the Department of Neuroscience, believes the study results suggest a different learning approach than is the norm for high school and college students. When they study academic material for a test, they may be late or awake all night, in fact it is[ஆய்வு]Indicates that going to bed earlier will help you learn and remember information.