The team of scientists has found that black holes emit light like ‘burbs’ when they inhale the gas and stars around them, and this change in brightness is directly related to their magnitude.
Millions to billions of times more massive black holes (SMBHs) than the Sun are commonly found at the center of the galaxy, at the center of the Milky Way, called Sagittarius A *.
And when they are asleep, the largest black holes often do not emit much light. However, at the dawn of the universe and when they consume all known objects, the radiation they emit is sometimes higher than the galaxies in which they live, ranging from several hours to decades of observations.
“There are many studies that have explored the possible relationships between visible luminosity and the mass of the largest black hole, but the results are endless and sometimes controversial,” said Colin Burke, the study’s lead author, in a statement.
The supermassive black hole swallows a large amount of matter. When this object starts to move at a high speed due to the gravitational force of the black hole, it releases intense energy, which pushes the surrounding object outwards. This is how the galaxy air is formed.
It is not yet clear why blinking occurs due to “yet to be understood bodily processes”.
To see how the pattern changes and whether it is related to the mass of the supermassive black hole, the researchers looked at several properties, including the duration.
Lucy Reading-Ikanda / Simons Foundation
They looked at the results of the accumulation of white dwarfs and the remains of sun-like stars, and found that although white dwarfs were much smaller than black holes, there was a correlation between time mass.
Small supermassive black holes have a short duration, in contrast, large supermassive black holes have a long duration.
“These results suggest that the luminous processes during aggregation are global, with the central object being a miraculous black hole or a very light white dwarf,” said Yu Shen, co-author of the study at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
“Establishing a well-established link between the brightness of the observed light and the basic properties of the composition will certainly help to better understand the accumulation processes,” said Yan Fei Jiang, co-author of the study.
Not only can this glowing light help determine the size of high-velocity black holes and white dwarfs, but they can also help researchers detect intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) that are 100,000 to 100,000 times the mass of the Sun.
“Now there is a correlation between the flickering pattern and the mass of the central accretion object, which can be used to predict what the luminous signal from the miraculous black holes will look like,” Burke added.
Source: Daily Mail
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