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For the first time in its history, the Mauloa River in Morocco failed to reach the “Mediterranean”.



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The waters of the Mauloa River, one of Morocco’s largest rivers, have dried up beyond reach in the Mediterranean, “for the first time in its history”, according to environmentalist Mohamed Benata, threatening agriculture. Lands and biodiversity in the region.

As the retired expert explains when photographing the estuary near the northeastern tourist city of Saidia, the “reason for this tragic event is the river near the border with Algeria due to reduced river flow due to excessive consumption of the river”.

The severity of the drought disturbed the balance of nature in this agricultural area, occupying up to 15 km “of salt river water course, forcing farmers on its banks to abandon farming on their lands. Its effect on soil.

On one of those farms on the left bank of the river, watermelons appear pale yellow and decomposed with dried stalks, “even the pigs were rescued,” sighed Ahmed Hadivi, a farm owner in the area.

The 46-year-old farmer spent about $ 33,000 to plant in his fields this year, and two water pumps to irrigate the watermelons “but all have evaporated due to the lack of air, especially the salinity of the river water.” According to “Monte Carlo” the salinity reaches seven grams per liter, while the salinity of fresh water is assumed not to exceed 0.5 grams per liter.

Morocco, whose economy is a major sector, has been hit by a series of droughts in recent years. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, the situation is expected to worsen on the horizon by 2050 due to declining rainfall (-11 per cent) and rising temperatures (+1.3 degrees).

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“Knock Down”

Similarly, Hadivi’s cousin, who had grown herbs in a nearby field, lost the greenery and was frustrated to harvest the resulting pods, saying, “Due to lack of water, he avoided tasting the sweetness of the irrigation water for two months. The river uses water and its salinity destroys the soil for many years, ”said his owner Mustafa. Mustafa left the teaching profession to work in agriculture before being forced to abandon two-thirds of his 57-hectare land due to drought.

In addition to the harsh nature, Hadioui and most of the farmers who spoke to the AFP also pointed to the “mismanagement” of the river water and its over-exploitation by two pumping stations and three dams in the area. Although the second pumping station did not become operational until six months ago, Hadioui says, “This is a fatal blow to farmers in the lower Mauloa Basin.”

Fruiting farms far from the river front are preferred for irrigation water, which, according to farmer Abdul Rahim Jagnini (61), represents an “unequal section” and he too was forced to stop cultivating his family garden of 200 hectares. However, the regional director of the Ministry of Agriculture, Mohamed Bosfu, explains that watering the trees is a priority “because we live in exceptional circumstances.” It is much harder to revive a dead tree than it is to replace a vegetable field.

He added that drought and salinity were the main reasons for the river water shortage. “As for the two pumping stations, they did not have a significant impact on its flow, and surveys were conducted before they were installed to avoid any imbalances in the river.”

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“Worse than bad”

Further, the Ministry of Agriculture’s forecasts that the drought will lead to a reduction in the availability of irrigation water to “25 per cent” nationally by 2050. Farmers in the Mallavia region fear the impact of these environmental changes on their living conditions. Zakini feels hopeless about the future, saying, “What saddens me the most is that even though our land is ours, my children will have to work in other gardens.”

The situation is not much better on the right bank of the Mauloa River, which stretches for about 500 km from the Central Atlas Mountains. “We are plowing this land very hard, but today the situation is getting worse,” said farmer Samir Shodna. The young farmer adds, “Young people in the area are currently thinking only of emigration.”

On the other hand, environmental activist Mohamed Benata warns of an environmental catastrophe threatening the natural reserves of the most important river in the eastern region, saying “wildlife and plants will not go unharmed.” . “


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“Military Order” From Putin To Army In Retaliation To NATO Actions



“Military Order” From Putin To Army In Retaliation To NATO Actions

The order comes as both Ukraine and Russia seek to make gains on the ground and regroup their forces in a conflict that has seen little change on the front lines in recent months.

This brings the total number of Russian military personnel to about 2,200,000, including 1,320,000 soldiers.

This is the second such military deployment since 2018. This previous reinforcement of 137,000 soldiers, ordered by Putin in August 2022, puts the army at around two million personnel and an estimated 1,150,000 soldiers.

“The Army’s standing force increase is due to the increasing threats to our country associated with special military operations and the continued expansion of NATO,” the military statement said.

He said the number of troops in service would increase by around 170,000, which he said would be an “appropriate” response to the “hostile activity of the NATO camp”.

The report indicated there were no plans to make changes to recruitment rules or organize another mobilization campaign, an unpopular move that saw a mass flight of men from Russia last year.

Instead, in recent months the military has focused on recruitment campaigns with promises of lucrative financial rewards, particularly in remote areas.

But Kremlin critics saw the move as a “disguised” mobilization, as recruitment into the army continues unabated.

What are NATO’s movements?

  • NATO joint forces are being formed near Russia’s borders, and additional air defense systems and offensive weapons are being deployed.
  • NATO’s tactical nuclear capabilities are increasing, the statement said.
  • The ministry added that the Russian troop build-up was an appropriate response to NATO’s “aggressive actions”.
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Israeli bombing of Gaza after cease-fire ends



Israeli bombing of Gaza after cease-fire ends

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On Friday, the Gaza Strip was subjected to a violent Israeli bombardment that claimed dozens of lives in a single day, ending a week-long ceasefire between Hamas and Israel, which had once again vowed to eliminate the Palestinian movement.

International calls to resume the ceasefire continue, warning of the consequences of resuming fighting on civilians in the Gaza Strip, where the humanitarian crisis is worsening.

Shells and missiles lit up the Gaza sky after evening rain, while thick clouds of black smoke rose throughout the day from several targeted areas in the besieged region.

For their part, Palestinian factions fired missiles at Israel and sounded sirens in several areas around the Gaza Strip.

The Hamas Health Ministry announced that “the death toll from the Israeli occupation from this morning to today is 178 martyrs and 589 wounded, most of them children and women.”

The Israeli military reported bombing more than 200 targets in the Strip.

A cease-fire between Hamas and Israel came into effect on November 24 at 5:00 PM GMT.

As the strikes began, thousands of residents of the Gaza Strip began returning to hospitals and schools, as Agence France-Presse reporters in the besieged area witnessed.

Israeli government spokesman Elon Levy said “Hamas will now receive a fatal blow”, accusing the movement of not handing over a new list of hostages for release. He added, “Unfortunately, Hamas decided to end the ceasefire by not releasing all the kidnapped women.”

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed his “deep regret” over the resumption of fighting, “expressing his hope that the ceasefire will be renewed. The resumption of military operations shows the importance of achieving an effective humanitarian ceasefire.”

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Despite the resumption of fighting, Qatar’s foreign ministry confirmed in a statement on Friday that “negotiations between the Palestinian and Israeli sides continue with the aim of returning to a ceasefire” and called on the international community to “move quickly”. The fighting must stop.”

The White House also confirmed on Friday that the United States was continuing to work to extend the humanitarian ceasefire.

A National Security Council spokesman said, “We continue to work with Israel, Egypt and Qatar on efforts to extend the humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza.”

The seven-day ceasefire was observed after Israeli bombardment of the Gaza Strip in response to an unprecedented and bloody attack on Israeli territory by the Hamas movement on October 7.

The Israeli military estimates the number of people detained and held hostage in the Gaza Strip in the October 7 attack was around 240.

The ceasefire allowed the release of 80 Israeli hostages and 240 Palestinian prisoners. Most Thai expatriates working in Israel were released outside the framework of the cease-fire agreement.

The Israeli military announced on Friday that it had confirmed the deaths of five hostages held in the Gaza Strip, notified their families, and recovered the body of one of them in a security operation.

Hamas had earlier announced that an Israeli bombardment of Gaza had killed nearly sixty hostages.

– “Exclusion” Zones –

On Friday, the Israeli military released a map of the so-called “exit zones” in the Gaza Strip, after an international call for Gaza residents to leave, the establishment of safe zones and a US plea to refrain from killing civilians. .

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The map, written in Arabic, divides the Gaza Strip into hundreds of numbered sections and is available on the Israeli military’s website.

The military said the goal of the map was to enable residents to “evacuate specific locations for their safety if necessary.”

Warnings were sent through short text messages to residents of several parts of the Gaza Strip on Friday, warning that the army would launch a crushing military offensive on your residential area on Friday.

The message urged people to take immediate action.

The Palestinian Authority, through presidential spokesman Nabil Abu Rudayna, condemned what it described as “the continuation of the crime of ethnic cleansing and genocide, and attempts to displace and dissolve the Palestinian cause.”

The Hamas government media office announced on Friday that three Palestinian journalists had been killed in Israeli strikes in the Gaza Strip.

read more:

Israeli bombing of Gaza after cease-fire ends

White House: Israel to allow aid trucks into Gaza

The Israeli army has confirmed the killing of 5 hostages in the Gaza Strip and informed their families

Egypt condemns the collapse of the ceasefire and Israel’s renewed violent bombing of the Gaza Strip

The Israeli army has confirmed the killing of 5 hostages in the Gaza Strip and informed their families

The Ministry of Health in Gaza reports that 178 Palestinians have been killed and 500 injured in Israeli bombardment since the end of the ceasefire.


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The Gaza war will last more than a few weeks



The Gaza war will last more than a few weeks

Jerusalem / Abdel Raoub Arnaud / Anatolia

Hebrew newspaper Maariv said on Friday that Israeli army chief Herzey Halevy informed US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken on Thursday that the war in Gaza would take more than a few weeks.

Halevy’s words came in response to Blinken’s question on the matter, the newspaper quoted two Israeli sources familiar with Thursday’s meeting with the Israeli military cabinet in West Jerusalem.

He said: “Blinken raised the issue on his own initiative, and how long the Israeli army’s operation in Gaza is expected to continue in its current scope, which includes very large ground forces.”

According to the newspaper: “Blinken explained that (US President Joe) Biden’s administration is concerned that continued Israeli military action in Gaza, especially with the scale and intensity it is currently taking, will significantly increase international pressure. On Israel and America.”

He continued: “According to the sources, Blinken asked Israel to take additional measures to ensure that the operation in the southern Gaza Strip does not cause serious harm to civilians.”

It reported that Halevy responded that “the IDF’s operation in Gaza, including in the southern region, is expected to continue for more than a few weeks.”

Maariv pointed out that the Biden administration “has yet to call for a cease-fire in the Gaza Strip, or demand that Israel cease military action.”

He added: “But there is deep concern in Washington about the resumption of military action in the Gaza Strip after the (temporary) ceasefire that ended on Friday morning, especially about the (anticipated) Israeli military action in the south of the Gaza Strip, home to two million Palestinians.

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He added: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Defense Minister Yoav Gallant and Levy told Blinken that ground operations in southern Gaza would be less harmful to civilians than airstrikes.”

On Friday morning, a temporary cease-fire in the Gaza Strip ended on November 24 with Qatari-Egyptian mediation and lasted for 7 days, during which prisoners were exchanged and humanitarian aid brought into the enclave of about 2.3 million people. Palestinians.

During the pre-ceasefire round, the Israeli military repeated its messages, which asked residents of the northern Gaza Strip to move to the southern Gaza Strip, but targeted the displaced in areas and roads it said were “safe”. It committed documented massacres, which met with international and international condemnation.

Since last October 7, Israel has been waging a devastating war in the Gaza Strip that has caused massive infrastructural destruction and tens of thousands of civilian casualties, most of them children and women, in addition to an unprecedented humanitarian disaster, according to an official Palestinian official. and UN

The message published on the official page of Anadolu Agency is a summary of a part of the message shown to subscribers via the News Streaming System (HAS). To register with the agency, please contact the following link.

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