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Gut bacteria can trigger rheumatoid arthritis before its symptoms appear



Gut bacteria can trigger rheumatoid arthritis before its symptoms appear

5 Nobel Peace Prize winners were in prison when they won

Iranian human rights activist Nargus Mohammadi, who has been in prison for the past two decades, has become the fifth person to win the Nobel Peace Prize while in prison, according to a report by Agence France-Presse.

The 51-year-old journalist, who launched a campaign against the mandatory hijab and the death penalty, was rewarded on Friday for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran.

He is the vice president of the Center for Human Rights Defenders, founded by human rights lawyer Shirin Ebadi, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2003.

Here are the other four winners who were in jail when announced:

– 1935 Carl von Ositzky, Germany:

Journalist and peace activist Carl von Osietsky was in a Nazi prison camp when it was announced that he had won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1935 and was unable to travel to Oslo to receive it.

Carl von Ositzky (AP)

Von Ossietsky, who was arrested three years ago in a raid on Adolf Hitler’s enemies after a fire in the Reichstag (headquarters of the German parliament), is the first dissident of a regime anywhere in the world to win this prestigious award.

Adolf Hitler, enraged by the Norwegian Nobel Committee’s decision, banned all German citizens from accepting Nobel Prizes in any form.

While Osiatsky was unable to receive the certificate and the Nobel Gold Medal, a German lawyer allowed his family to trick him into collecting the prize money. Osiatsky died in captivity in 1938.

– 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar:

Myanmar’s ousted pro-democracy leader won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 while under house arrest as part of the country’s military authorities’ crackdown on pro-democracy opposition.

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Aung San Suu Kyi (Reuters)

Suu Kyi was rewarded for her “non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights” and feared she would not be allowed to return to Myanmar if she traveled to Oslo.

Her sons and husband attended the award ceremony in 1991 and received the award on her behalf. In a symbolic gesture, an empty chair was placed on the stage.

After her release in 2010, Suu Kyi delivered her Nobel Lecture in 2012. He later assumed the leadership of the country.

But he was arrested again after the generals took power in February 2021. In 2022, he was sentenced to up to 33 years in prison, and military chief Min Aung Hlaing later partially commuted the sentence.

– 2010 Liu Xiaobo, China:

The Chinese dissident won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2010. He was serving an 11-year sentence for conspiracy.

Liu Xiaobo (Reuters)

He was rewarded for his “long and non-violent struggle for basic human rights in China”. His seat was left vacant and no award was given.

His wife Liu Xia was placed under house arrest after he was declared the winner, and his three brothers were banned from leaving China.

He died of liver cancer in 2017 at the age of 61 in a Chinese hospital after being transferred from prison, becoming the second Nobel laureate to die in prison.

– 2022 Alice Bialiatsky, Belarus:

Belarusian human rights activist Ales Bialiatsky was jailed in July 2021. In 2022, he won the Nobel Prize in collaboration with the Russian Memorial Committee and the Ukrainian Center for Civil Rights for documenting war crimes and human rights abuses.

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Alice Bialiatsky (AP)

The head of the Vyasna Center, a prominent human rights group, has been at the forefront of those seeking to document abuses by Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko’s regime.

After months of mass protests against Lukashenko’s rule, Bialatsky was arrested on charges of tax evasion, a move opponents saw as a veiled attempt to silence him. He was represented by his wife Natalia Pinchuk.

He was sentenced to 10 years in prison in March. Other members of Vyasna were also sentenced to imprisonment.

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Amiri Diwan confirms stability of Kuwait Emir’s health… And prosecution threatens to prosecute those who spread rumors about “the arrangement of the ruling house”.



Amiri Diwan confirms stability of Kuwait Emir’s health… And prosecution threatens to prosecute those who spread rumors about “the arrangement of the ruling house”.

United Arab Emirates (CNN) — Kuwaiti Emir Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah’s health condition was confirmed on Saturday by the Minister of Emirati Diwan Affairs, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Abdullah Al-Sabah. It is stable, thanks to God Almighty,” Kuwait News Agency reported. “Kona.”

The minister added: “We pray to the Almighty God for a speedy recovery to the Emir of the country and to grant him good health and complete well-being.”

The Minister of Amiri Diwan Affairs said on Wednesday that the health of the Emir of Kuwait is stable and he is still receiving the necessary treatment.

Earlier, the Amiri Diwan minister said the Kuwaiti emir “entered the hospital to receive treatment and undergo a medical examination following a health condition”.

For its part, the Kuwaiti Public Prosecution warned in a statement on Saturday against “taking decisive action and filing criminal charges against every individual, group, platform, media, radio station or any organization that publishes or addresses anything related to the health of the Emir or the arrangement of the ruling house.”

The Kuwait Public Prosecution added: “We have been monitoring many false reports and shocking lies in the media, and by individuals on visual, audio and print media platforms, about the health of the Emir of the country or the arrangements of the ruling house. According to Kuna.

Rumor mongers have used the word as a weapon to spread poison in the society using flimsy pretexts of freedom of expression, good intentions and fear, forgetting the harmful effects of rumours. According to the Kuwaiti Agency, there is more than a raging plague.

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After trying it…new anti-obesity drug alert



After trying it…new anti-obesity drug alert

However, Pfizer announced its intention to develop a modified version of the drug “Danoglipron”.

This drug belongs to a new class of successful treatments based on a component such as the gastrointestinal hormone glucagon or GLP-1 (GLP-1).GLP-1This leads to a feeling of fullness and weight loss.

“Danoglibron” differs from competing drugs already on the market in that it is not given by injection, but is given orally in the form of tablets.

During the clinical trial, Pfizer tested taking these pills twice a day, but said it wanted to focus on a new once-a-day formulation.

The clinical trial included a few hundred obese participants without type 2 diabetes.

Pfizer explained that the side effects in this trial were similar to those that can occur with this type of drug, but “it is noteworthy that their rates were high” because “cases of nausea reached 73 percent, vomiting reached 47 percent, and diarrhea reached 25 percent.”

More than half of the participants who received this drug discontinued treatment.

However, “Danoglipro” has been shown to lead to weight loss between 8 percent and 13 percent over 32 weeks or between 5 percent and 9.5 percent over 26 weeks.

A report quoted Pfizer senior executive Michael Tolston as confirming that “an improved once-daily formulation of tanoglipron could play an important role in the treatment of obesity.”

The highly lucrative anti-obesity drug market is currently dominated by the Danish “Novo Nordisk” group with its drug “Vecovi” and the American “Eli Lilly” company “Zebound”. America last month.

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5 Foods That Can Help You Stay Positive and Fight Depression, Especially Eggs



5 Foods That Can Help You Stay Positive and Fight Depression, Especially Eggs

By Anas al-Banna

Saturday, December 2, 2023 at 12:00 AM

With winter approaching and the seasons fluctuating, many are depressed, especially by things including rain and lack of sunrise, the website says “Health scenesWe show how diet can improve mental health and which foods can help manage it Depression By improving a person’s mood.

The connection between food and your mood

If you eat healthy, you will be healthy; Otherwise, you will have health problems, and when it comes to mental health, nutrition plays an important role.

Foods that help fight depression

Add these foods to your diet to fight depression:

1. Walnut

Walnuts are one of the most important nuts for brain health because they help improve cognitive health. Their high levels of antioxidants and vitamins improve mental alertness and fight depression..

2. Avocado

Avocados contain healthy fats that help improve cognitive function, memory, and concentration. Apart from that, avocados also contain tryptophan, which helps increase levels of serotonin, which is associated with the hormone of happiness.

3. Berry

The high levels of antioxidants in berries help protect the brain from stress, anxiety and depression, and have been shown to improve mood and cognition..

4. Broccoli

Broccoli helps keep the memory sharp due to its high amount of choline, and helps reduce depression and support a good mood. .

5. Eggs

Eggs are rich in choline, which is one of the most important neurotransmitters in managing stress and depression..

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