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Harmful and beneficial … while climate change pushes the Middle East closer



Harmful and beneficial ... while climate change pushes the Middle East closer


In the Middle East, where geo-strategic issues generally take precedence over environmental issues, climate turmoil has gained the upper hand in the course of relations between its countries, and the rules of the game are designed to change. Here, the countries of the region are trying to cooperate with each other to combat this phenomenon which is undermining all of their structures like never before.

The time for joint action and cooperation in the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East is in this context. Climate Summit (COP 26), opened earlier this week in the Scottish city of Glasgow, where world leaders need to focus on their efforts to fight. Global warming events It hit the whole planet.

The current climate turmoil in this turbulent part of the world has become increasingly acute, where many conflicts and persistent geo-strategic tensions have become accustomed to pushing environmental issues to the secondary level of government priorities. Its greenhouse gas emissions are now higher than comparable emissions in the EU.

The severity of the situation prompted Cyprus Environment Minister Costas Cadiz on Tuesday, November 2, to declare that “we must act collectively and decisively on the basis of scientific knowledge.” Speaking at a session held within the framework of the Climate Summit 26, Costas Cadiz announced that he was organizing a ministerial-level meeting for regional countries with the aim of approving the Action Plan for Climate Cooperation in February 2022. In the next ten years.

Later, the heads of state concerned are expected to meet in Cyprus in early autumn to approve the project’s management plan, Cadiz said. This latest step is the culmination of Cyprus’ efforts to launch a climate change initiative in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East launched in 2019.

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Nicosia also hosted an international conference on climate change in the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East in mid-October in Paphos. The results of the conference, which was attended by officials, delegates and scholars from Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan and Israel in particular, were presented at the Glasgow Conference last Tuesday.

Area at risk of climate change

The so-called policy and action framework for the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East climate crisis focuses on sustainable green development, biodiversity conservation and environmental development, research and technology. These are all important issues in the Middle East, classified by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as “Climate Change Risk”. The rise and fall of heat waves and rapid population growth made things worse and imposed its weight on already insignificant water resources. Temperatures in Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran hovered above 50 degrees Celsius this summer.

If these countries do not take decisive action, according to scientists, the situation could worsen rapidly, and nowhere else. In its first report, “Mediterranean Risk Assessment,” Mediterranean experts on climate and climate change released last year, “Most countries in the Middle East and North Africa are likely to face higher risks related to this. Climate and environmental change.” Compared to other areas in the Mediterranean basin, the ability to monitor or analyze risk for critical environmental parameters is very low. “

Diplomacy based on cooperation

Even Middle Eastern countries that have not signed the Paris climate agreement, such as Iraq, Iran and Yemen, which have been accused of neglecting environmental issues, have recently begun to take action in this regard. Especially in the Gulf, the economies of petroleum regimes are at the crossroads of criticism from environmental NGOs, and countries still rely heavily on the exploitation of hydrocarbon fuels. However, Saudi Arabia, which seeks to diversify its economy, announced last week that it aims to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. An action that is in line with the footsteps of the United Arab Emirates, which has so far begun the eco-strategy. The year is 2050. In particular, it aims to increase the share of clean energy from 25 to 50 percent and reduce the carbon footprint of electricity generation to 70 percent.

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It is also clear that other countries in the region have begun to rely on cooperation, in the hope that concerted and international efforts will have a greater impact on the region. A view translated into one of the forms of climate diplomacy already in place in the Middle East. In particular, between Israel and a few Arab countries with advanced technologies in this field.

Although the old repercussions have not changed, at the end of last July, the Israeli government postponed the implementation of a draft oil exchange agreement with the United Arab Emirates for environmental reasons after NGOs showed their teeth. Meanwhile, a few months ago, especially last June, the University of Tel Aviv, in collaboration with the United Arab Emirates – normalized its relationship with the Hebrew government in the summer of 2020 – is in the process of establishing a joint venture. Institute for Water Research.

Most recently, last October, Jordan, one of the world’s most water-scarce countries, signed an agreement to double the amount of water supplied to Israel, one of the world’s leading desalination countries. As part of this climate diplomacy, Israel could also provide Jordan with solar-powered green electricity.

The agreement “reflects a growing understanding that the climate crisis, which is already significantly affecting the region, will lead to greater cooperation,” said Kidan Bromberg, director of the Middle East Peace Environment Center for the Regional Environment Organization in Israel. In an article published by the British Guardian, he pointed out that “electricity has never crossed the Israeli border from its neighbors”, while calling for a “green deal” in the Middle East.

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Is tackling climate change a way to stave off future tensions?

However, this diplomacy is being used to prevent and protect against the effects of future water shortages and the rising temperatures that make some areas uninhabitable. There is already tension over the management of water resources, especially in the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

It is in this sense that Jeffrey Sox, head of the Solutions to the United Nations Sustainable Development Network (UNSDSN), recently warned, “This is already an arid region and it will become more and more arid, and therefore associated with the availability of insecurity. Water and human migration will increase day by day.

Last July, several cities in the southwestern province of Kuznetsov staged several strikes and demonstrations against water shortages for daily consumption or for agriculture and livestock. The protests were mercilessly suppressed by Iranian authorities.

But according to the Mediterranean Institute for Climate Change and Climate Change, the impact of climate change on future conflicts will be somewhat speculative. Recent historical events, however, show the potential for noticeable and rapid climate change to increase political instability in poorer parts of the Mediterranean, “said Mediterranean experts in the Middle East, which represent a further destabilizing factor in the Middle East.

French text: Marc Dou | Arabic text: Hussein Emara

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10 Foods That Cause Anxiety And Stress.. Know What To Eat Instead



10 Foods That Cause Anxiety And Stress.. Know What To Eat Instead

Written by Merwat Rashad

Sunday, December 10, 2023 at 07:00 AM

Did you know that certain foods can cause anxiety and stress? While caffeine and sugar are known to affect our moods, many unexpected factors can exacerbate these feelings. In this report, we’ll critically examine 10 food triggers, explain why this effect exists, and suggest alternatives. Healthy to help you maintain a balanced and calm state of mind, according to the website “Onegreenplanet”.

1. Processed foods

It often contains Processed foods High amounts of refined carbohydrates, unhealthy fats and additives can cause your blood sugar to spike and crash, causing mood swings and increased anxiety. Choose whole, unprocessed foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

2. Artificial sweeteners

Artificial sweeteners like aspartame and sucralose have been linked to increased anxiety symptoms.Choose natural sweeteners like honey or enjoy the sweetness of natural fruit.

3. Fried foods

Fried foods are often high in unhealthy trans fats, which contribute to inflammation in the body and affect brain health. Instead, opt for baked or grilled alternatives for a healthier option.

4. High fructose corn syrup

High-fructose corn syrup, commonly found in sugary drinks and processed snacks, can increase inflammation and oxidative stress, which can worsen anxiety symptoms. Choose water, herbal teas, or homemade fruit juices instead.

5. Too much salt

Consuming too much salt can upset the balance of electrolytes in the body, leading to dehydration and stress. Instead use herbs, spices or citrus juices to enhance the flavor of your food.

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6. Fast food

Fast food is usually high in unhealthy fats, sodium and additives. These substances can negatively affect mood and contribute to feelings of anxiety. Choose home-cooked meals using fresh ingredients whenever possible.

7. Dairy products

Some individuals may be sensitive to dairy products, which can cause digestive problems and inflammation, which can affect mood and increase anxiety. Consider alternatives such as almond milk, coconut milk, or dairy-free yogurt.

8. Refined grains

Refined grains such as white bread, white rice, and pasta have a high glycemic index, causing rapid rises and falls in blood sugar levels. This can contribute to mood swings and feelings of anxiety. Choose quinoa, brown rice, and whole grains. Wheat bread instead.

9. Red meat

Consuming high amounts of red meat has been linked to higher levels of anxiety and depression. Try to include lean protein sources like fish, chicken or legumes in your diet.

10. Artificial food coloring

Artificial food coloring, commonly found in processed snacks and beverages, has been linked to hyperactivity and increased anxiety in some individuals, especially children. Choose natural food colors or snacks without artificial colors.

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Maiara has called for increased funding for climate and energy change



Maiara has called for increased funding for climate and energy change

Hepa Press – and MA

Nam Mayara, Chairman of the Council of Advisors and President of the Mediterranean Parliament, stressed on Saturday that parliamentary diplomacy has a very important role to play in solving climate change crises.

In her speech during the high-level segment of the COP28 conference, Mayara explained that parliamentary diplomacy is thrusting itself into the international arena to contribute to resolving crises, particularly in relation to strengthening affirmative action and intensifying efforts to curb climate change.

He said during the second session of the Marrakesh Parliamentary Economic Forum for the Euro-Mediterranean and the Gulf region, to be hosted by Morocco in June next year, “work will be carried out to establish a parliamentary group in the Euro-Mediterranean region”. Gulf for the promotion of renewable energies, which was established in the Mediterranean Parliament.” Average year 2022.”

He pointed to the current climate emergency and its unprecedented effects on the Euro-Mediterranean region and the Gulf, such that temperatures in the Mediterranean Sea are rising 20 percent faster than the global average, while the Gulf Sea is the warmest in the world.

After applauding the decision to implement a “loss and damage” fund to compensate countries most affected by climate change, he called for intensified efforts and increased funding for climate and energy change.

During another meeting held within the framework of the COP28 conference, Maira emphasized Morocco’s commitment to effectively contribute to the continent’s dynamics to protect Africa from the dangers of the climate crisis and protect the rights of future generations to development and progress.

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He pointed out that Africa is at the heart of the scourge of climate change, noting that it is the continent that emits the least amount of greenhouse gas emissions that lead to global warming, which undermines the continent’s capacity for growth, progress and prosperity. Fundamental rights of millions of Africans.

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7 Perfect Snacks to Fight Nighttime Hunger Attacks | Life



7 Perfect Snacks to Fight Nighttime Hunger Attacks |  Life

A good night’s sleep is essential for health, as levels of leptin, a hormone responsible for feelings of fullness, rise during sleep, and ghrelin, a hormone that sends hunger signals, decreases at bedtime. Give the body a chance to sleep.

But the thing is, the feeling of hunger at night is not without pressure, which can spoil this equation, for reasons such as: eating the last meal too soon, tension and stress, blood sugar level fluctuations or vitamin D deficiency. A certified nutritionist said. , Katherine Metzeler, Well & Good.

His colleague Michelle Reker, a certified nutritionist, pointed out the effect that “the lack of food needed to get the calories the body needs during the day, especially after an intense evening workout, can lead to increased energy expenditure and nighttime hunger.”

If you’re hungry late at night, it’s okay to eat a nutritious snack under 200 calories (Shutterstock)

Fake or real hunger?

Certified nutritionist Barbara Ross told the US newspaper HuffPost, “Anxiety can wake us up in the middle of the night, and we confuse it with hunger.” In this case, he suggests drinking a cup of decaffeinated herbal tea. Calms the nerves.

To quench the flames of true hunger, Metzeler emphasizes the importance of going “no food during the day, no more than 4 to 5 hours at most,” and making sure to eat enough foods that include plenty of protein. healthy fats, vegetables, whole grains and complex carbohydrates; Keep energy levels high and feel energized and satisfied throughout the day.

Later in the night, the impact of hunger can be reduced, so many people rush to the kitchen and eat the candy, potato chips and gravy or leftover steak from lunch, which can be difficult for them. Go back to sleep and they start the next day feeling uncomfortable.This causes them health problems: weight gain.

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According to the Healthline website, there is growing scientific evidence that eating too late at night can make weight control more difficult.

The right foods

According to research published in 2015, “If you’re hungry late at night, it’s okay to eat a small, nutrient-dense snack under 200 calories.”

Here are 7 examples of these foods that a panel of certified nutritionists told HuffPost, “They’re great for fighting nighttime hunger pangs while helping you get back to sleep.”

  • Turkey breast slices

Certified nutritionist, Marissa Mechoulam looks at; Turkey breast is “a great way to satisfy an after-midnight hunger pang, whether eaten alone or stuffed into half a sandwich.”

Turkey breast pieces are known to “help you fall asleep, relax and go back to sleep because they are rich in the amino acid (L-tryptophan), which turns into the sleep hormone (melatonin); in addition. to their protein content, it is “enough to suppress the feeling of hunger until morning. “

  • Fiber-rich cheese and crackers

According to Mechoulam, “any snack we choose should include protein and fiber to keep us full throughout the night”; It’s found in protein-rich cottage cheese, which contains some sleep-aiding tryptophan and fiber-rich crackers. Mechulam recommends almond flour biscuits to ensure stable blood sugar levels.

According to Healthline, “Combining carbohydrate-rich foods (such as crackers) with a good source of tryptophan (such as cheese) helps increase tryptophan’s effectiveness in supporting sleep,” and serving 4 pieces of whole wheat crackers and one piece of cheddar cheese. Low fat, about 150 calories.

Any snack we choose should contain protein and fiber (pixels) to keep us full throughout the night.
  • A refreshing vegetable dish with hummus

It is a refreshing and crunchy vegetable dish; Like: baby carrots, cherry tomatoes, and cucumbers, with hummus, “The perfect quick and easy midnight snack,” says registered dietitian Amanda Frankini, “A couple tablespoons of hummus can be enough to provide protein, fiber, and complete satisfaction.”

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  • Banana and peanut butter

In one study, “melatonin levels in the blood increased 4-fold within two hours of eating two bananas.”

Bananas and nuts or peanut butter can be balanced snacks to maintain balanced blood sugar, which is essential for getting good sleep.

“Bananas contain potassium, which, in addition to complex carbohydrates, controls high blood sugar that can harm sleep,” says Prangini, adding that combining bananas with peanut butter at night is a healthy and satiating source of fat and tryptophan that can induce sleep.

For Metzeler, who recommends putting almond butter and bananas on whole-wheat bread, “combines protein, carbs and fat to beat a balanced snack before bed.”

Adding banana slices to your peanut butter meal at night is a healthy and satisfying source of fat and sleepy tryptophan (Pxels).
  • Cherry and pistachio

A number of studies conducted on sour cherries have shown that snacking on them in the middle of the night can lead to better sleep, as they naturally contain melatonin. It can be combined with pistachios, which combine fat and protein in addition to some melatonin.

  • Cereals and milk

As milk contains calcium, which helps the body produce melatonin, a cup of warm milk is ideal for falling asleep after waking up at night.

Low-sugar whole grains can be added to milk for a light, filling and balanced meal to help maintain blood sugar levels.

Whole grains can be added to milk (pixels) for a light, filling and balanced meal to maintain blood sugar levels.
  • Snacks from nuts

Frankini cautions against turning to chocolate or coffee as midnight snacks; Because they keep you awake longer, walnuts, almonds, and pistachios provide natural melatonin, protein, and magnesium to help you feel full and induce sleep.

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