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How do you know if you are contagious even after you recover?



How do you know if you are contagious even after you recover?

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (CNN) — How do you know if someone is a carrier of the infection? For viruses such as corona, influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, or the common cold, what is the average time it takes to spread the infection to others? What precautions should the affected person take at school, work and home?

That’s according to CNN medical expert Dr. Lena Wen, an emergency physician and professor of health policy and management at the George Washington University’s Milken Institute School of Public Health, who previously served as Baltimore City’s health commissioner.

CNN: Is there an easy way to find out if someone is infected after contracting the virus?

Dr. Lena Wen: Not really. For many viruses, an infected person can become infected before symptoms appear.

There are some tests that can tell if you have the virus, but they aren’t good enough after infection. The only exception is Covid-19. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a person whose symptoms improve and the result is negative after two at-home coronavirus tests within 48 hours can end the isolation.

One of the more complicating factors is that many people may continue to suffer from symptoms after the infectious period has ended, such as a cough, but these do not necessarily reflect ongoing infection or risk to others.

CNN: On average, if you have a common virus like the coronavirus, the flu, respiratory syncytial virus or the common cold, how long, on average, can you spread the virus to others?

Dr. Lena Wen: Let’s look at these one by one. The virus that causes Covid-19 (SARS-CoV-2) is spread by infected individuals who do not exhibit typical symptoms such as cough, fever, runny nose and sore throat. This person can be contagious just like the person with symptoms.

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Scientists estimate that the peak infectious period of SARS-CoV-2 is within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms and in the first five days thereafter. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that someone with Covid-19 self-isolate for five days and wear a high-quality, well-fitting mask when around others for the next five days. .

For influenza, asymptomatic transmission is less common. Although it can spread before symptoms appear, the period of maximum infectivity is thought to be three to four days after the onset of illness.

Respiratory syncytial virus has a long infectious period. People with RSV, the most common respiratory infection thought to affect nearly every child by age 2, are usually infectious for three to eight days after symptoms appear, and transmission is possible before symptoms appear, according to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Disease Control and Prevention. Some children and immunocompromised people can continue to spread the virus for up to four weeks after symptoms stop appearing.

As for the common cold, more than 200 viruses can cause it. The duration of infection depends on the virus and the health of the infected person, but generally follows a pattern similar to that of other viruses.

CNN: What precautions should people with cold-like symptoms take at school and in the workplace, given the potential for long-term infection?

Dr. Lena Wen: Schools and workplaces have long recognized that it’s unrealistic to ask people to stay home until the time they can spread the virus has passed. Although they have policies that require people to stay out of school or work for two to four weeks after symptoms disappear, asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic transmission can spread the virus.

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Since children experience an average of six viral respiratory infections per year, compared to two to four for adults, these types of policies can lead to many disabilities that affect children’s learning and development.

CNN: What can people do to reduce the spread to their neighbors?

Dr. Lena Wen: It’s tough. Parents of young children know that their children often get sick because it is very difficult to avoid infection when you are in close contact with them.

The key is to identify those in the household who are most at risk for serious consequences if infected with these viruses. If someone is elderly and has serious medical conditions, it makes sense to separate the affected person from that person. These two people should not eat together or stay in the same room for at least a week after symptoms appear.

It is very difficult to avoid this viral infection, but I want to emphasize that prevention methods work. Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer frequently. Make sure you get your vaccinations regularly, including the updated Covid-19 vaccine, the flu vaccine and the new RSV vaccine for people 60 and older. Importantly, these vaccines reduce the risk of serious illness and reduce your chance of contracting these specific viruses.

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Amiri Diwan confirms stability of Kuwait Emir’s health… And prosecution threatens to prosecute those who spread rumors about “the arrangement of the ruling house”.



Amiri Diwan confirms stability of Kuwait Emir’s health… And prosecution threatens to prosecute those who spread rumors about “the arrangement of the ruling house”.

United Arab Emirates (CNN) — Kuwaiti Emir Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah’s health condition was confirmed on Saturday by the Minister of Emirati Diwan Affairs, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Abdullah Al-Sabah. It is stable, thanks to God Almighty,” Kuwait News Agency reported. “Kona.”

The minister added: “We pray to the Almighty God for a speedy recovery to the Emir of the country and to grant him good health and complete well-being.”

The Minister of Amiri Diwan Affairs said on Wednesday that the health of the Emir of Kuwait is stable and he is still receiving the necessary treatment.

Earlier, the Amiri Diwan minister said the Kuwaiti emir “entered the hospital to receive treatment and undergo a medical examination following a health condition”.

For its part, the Kuwaiti Public Prosecution warned in a statement on Saturday against “taking decisive action and filing criminal charges against every individual, group, platform, media, radio station or any organization that publishes or addresses anything related to the health of the Emir or the arrangement of the ruling house.”

The Kuwait Public Prosecution added: “We have been monitoring many false reports and shocking lies in the media, and by individuals on visual, audio and print media platforms, about the health of the Emir of the country or the arrangements of the ruling house. According to Kuna.

Rumor mongers have used the word as a weapon to spread poison in the society using flimsy pretexts of freedom of expression, good intentions and fear, forgetting the harmful effects of rumours. According to the Kuwaiti Agency, there is more than a raging plague.

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After trying it…new anti-obesity drug alert



After trying it…new anti-obesity drug alert

However, Pfizer announced its intention to develop a modified version of the drug “Danoglipron”.

This drug belongs to a new class of successful treatments based on a component such as the gastrointestinal hormone glucagon or GLP-1 (GLP-1).GLP-1This leads to a feeling of fullness and weight loss.

“Danoglibron” differs from competing drugs already on the market in that it is not given by injection, but is given orally in the form of tablets.

During the clinical trial, Pfizer tested taking these pills twice a day, but said it wanted to focus on a new once-a-day formulation.

The clinical trial included a few hundred obese participants without type 2 diabetes.

Pfizer explained that the side effects in this trial were similar to those that can occur with this type of drug, but “it is noteworthy that their rates were high” because “cases of nausea reached 73 percent, vomiting reached 47 percent, and diarrhea reached 25 percent.”

More than half of the participants who received this drug discontinued treatment.

However, “Danoglipro” has been shown to lead to weight loss between 8 percent and 13 percent over 32 weeks or between 5 percent and 9.5 percent over 26 weeks.

A report quoted Pfizer senior executive Michael Tolston as confirming that “an improved once-daily formulation of tanoglipron could play an important role in the treatment of obesity.”

The highly lucrative anti-obesity drug market is currently dominated by the Danish “Novo Nordisk” group with its drug “Vecovi” and the American “Eli Lilly” company “Zebound”. America last month.

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5 Foods That Can Help You Stay Positive and Fight Depression, Especially Eggs



5 Foods That Can Help You Stay Positive and Fight Depression, Especially Eggs

By Anas al-Banna

Saturday, December 2, 2023 at 12:00 AM

With winter approaching and the seasons fluctuating, many are depressed, especially by things including rain and lack of sunrise, the website says “Health scenesWe show how diet can improve mental health and which foods can help manage it Depression By improving a person’s mood.

The connection between food and your mood

If you eat healthy, you will be healthy; Otherwise, you will have health problems, and when it comes to mental health, nutrition plays an important role.

Foods that help fight depression

Add these foods to your diet to fight depression:

1. Walnut

Walnuts are one of the most important nuts for brain health because they help improve cognitive health. Their high levels of antioxidants and vitamins improve mental alertness and fight depression..

2. Avocado

Avocados contain healthy fats that help improve cognitive function, memory, and concentration. Apart from that, avocados also contain tryptophan, which helps increase levels of serotonin, which is associated with the hormone of happiness.

3. Berry

The high levels of antioxidants in berries help protect the brain from stress, anxiety and depression, and have been shown to improve mood and cognition..

4. Broccoli

Broccoli helps keep the memory sharp due to its high amount of choline, and helps reduce depression and support a good mood. .

5. Eggs

Eggs are rich in choline, which is one of the most important neurotransmitters in managing stress and depression..

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