August 12, 2022

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The James Webb Telescope will provide a "distant image" of the universe.

The James Webb Telescope will provide a “distant image” of the universe.

Bill Nelson, the agency’s head, said that the US space agency “NASA” plans to release on July 12 “the most distant image ever taken of our universe” through the James Webb Space Telescope. Speaking at a news conference hosted by the Space Science Laboratories in Baltimore, the operational hub for the “James Web”, Nelson said the film “shows the distance that humanity has previously been able to observe.”

The James Webb $ 10 billion project, which was successfully launched in December, is currently 1.5 million kilometers from Earth.

Telescopes are capable of tracking older space events beyond what can be traced by its very large main glass and instruments, allowing it to pick up infrared signals and track them through dust clouds.

Nelson noted that the telescope “detects objects in the solar system and the atmospheres of extraterrestrial planets orbiting other stars, giving us clues as to whether their atmospheres are similar to Earth”.

“These data will answer many of our questions, especially where did humanity come from? Are there other creatures? Who are we? This is in addition to providing unknown answers to many questions,” he added.

In particular, the telescope is expected to observe the first galaxies and planets outside the Solar System that formed a few hundred million years after the Big Bang.

NASA Vice President Pam Milroy said that thanks to the successful launch of NASA’s partner Ariane Space on the telescope project, James Webb could operate twice as long in 20 years as expected.

The first images taken by “James Webb” spectroscopy of a distant planet outside the Solar System are scheduled for release on July 12.

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Spectroscopy is a tool that allows knowledge of the chemistry and molecular composition of distant objects, and helps to determine the planet’s atmosphere, monitor the presence of water in it, or analyze its soil.

The astronomer at the Institute of Space Science Observers, Nestor Espinoza, pointed out that the spectroscopic analysis of planets outside the solar system is far less than that of “James Webb” in this field.

Commenting on the current technology, he said, “There is only a small hole in it, like in a very dark room. The new telescope made it possible to “open a big window to see all the little details”.