Connect with us


A week after landing on the moon, India launches a probe into the sun



A week after landing on the moon, India launches a probe into the sun

Google robots are powered by “artificial intelligence linguistic models” systems.

A one-armed robot stood in front of a table with three plastic figurines of a lion, a whale and a dinosaur. An engineer gave the following command to the robot: “Pick up the extinct animal” and the robot made a commotion. A moment of noise, then a hand reached out, opened its claw, lowered itself, and picked up the dinosaur.

Best robots

This presentation, which I attended during an interview for my podcast at Google’s robotics division in Mountain View, California, was impossible until a long time ago because robots couldn’t confidently handle things they’d never seen before. She certainly has advanced thinking skills to make the connection between “extinct animal” and “plastic dinosaur”.

The robotics industry is approaching a true revolution based on recent developments in so-called “big language models” — the same kind of artificial intelligence that powers chatbots like ChatGPT and Bard.

Google has recently started giving its robots unique sophisticated language models similar to artificial brains. This secret program contributed to the “stimulation” of these robots and gave them new powers to understand and solve problems.

During a review of Google’s latest robot models, the “RT-2” robot was unveiled, a first step toward what company executives described as a quantum leap in the way robots are built and programmed.

In this context, Vincent Vanoghette, head of the robotics department of Google’s DeepMind Lab, said: “As a result of this change we had to rethink our entire research program, because many of the designs we had previously worked on lost their viability.”

A promising breakthrough

Ken Goldberg, a professor of robotics at the University of California, Berkeley, said robots still fail at some basic tasks from the level of human intelligence, but Google uses linguistic artificial intelligence models. Skills in reasoning and development indicate a promising improvement.

See also  What is the difference between AIDS and HIV?

He added, “What’s really fascinating is connecting verbal meanings to robots. “This is very exciting for the world of robotics.”

But to understand the significance of this development, it is necessary to provide some information about the traditional method followed to create robots.

For years, engineers at Google and other companies have relied on training robots to perform motor tasks — like flipping a burger, for example — by programming them using a list of specific instructions. Robots repeat the task several times, and engineers adjust the instructions to correct them.

This approach has been successful in some limited applications, but training robots this way is slow and difficult because it requires collecting a lot of data from real-world experiments. If you want to train a robot to do a new task, like flipping a cake instead of a burger, you have to rebuild it from scratch.

These limitations have partly contributed to the delay in the progress of robots that rely on robotic structures compared to robots that rely on software. OpenAI Lab, developer of the ChatGPT bot, disbanded its robotics team in 2021 due to slow progress and lack of high-quality training data. In 2017, Google’s parent company Alphabet sold its subsidiary Boston Dynamics, which specializes in robotics.

But in recent years an idea struck Google engineers: What if we could use linguistic artificial intelligence models trained on vast amounts of web text to encourage robots to acquire new skills instead of doing one task at a time?

“Vision and Action”

Carol Hausman, a research scientist at Google, revealed that “a couple of years ago they started exploring these linguistic models and then started making a connection between them and robots.”

See also  Cancer progress by inventing a revolutionary way to treat patients!

Google started an effort to combine robots and linguistic models in the “Palm-Sci-Can” project announced last year. The project attracted some interest, but its effectiveness was limited because its robots lacked the ability to analyze images — a basic skill they would need if they were to travel the world. These robots succeeded in developing detailed and organized instructions for performing various tasks, but they were unable to translate these instructions into action.

Google’s new robot, RT-2, can do this, and for this reason the company calls it a “vision-language-action” model, or an artificial intelligence system that not only looks at and analyzes the world around it, but also teaches the robot how to move.

The model does this by translating the robot’s movements into a sequence of numbers — called encoding — and inserting these codes into the same training data used in the language model. Ultimately, RT-2 can guess how a robotic arm should move to pick up a ball or throw a can into a trash can, just as Bart or ChatGBT learns to guess the next words in a poem or historical title.

“In other words, this model can learn how to speak the language of robots,” Hausmann said.

During the hour-long demonstration, my blogging partner and I saw how the RT-2 performed a number of impressive tasks. One of these successful tasks was the following complex instruction: “Move the Volkswagen to the German flag”, which the robot succeeded in executing by finding a model of a Volkswagen bus, cutting it apart and attaching it to a small German flag. A few meters away.

See also  Sudanese doctors complain of drug shortages and confirm "difficult aid".

The robot has also demonstrated the ability to follow instructions in languages ​​other than English, and even discover theoretical relationships between related principles. When I wanted RT-2 to catch a ball, I told him, “Catch Lionel Messi,” and he succeeded in doing the task on the first try.

However, the robot was not perfect as it misidentified the flavor of a can of soft drink placed on the table in front of it. (The package was lemon-flavored, but the robot suggested orange.) Another time, when asked about the types of fruit on the table, the robot replied “white” (it was a banana). A Google spokesperson explained the error by saying that the robot was using the answer to a previous test question because its Wi-Fi connection was momentarily lost.

Google doesn’t currently plan to sell the RT-2 or make it more widely available, but its researchers believe these new machines equipped with language models will eventually be more useful for tasks beyond entertainment tricks. For example, these robots can work in warehouses, in the medical field or even in the domestic help sector – folding laundry, emptying the dishwasher or packing the house.

Vanoghette concluded: “This development opens the door to the use of robots in human environments, in the office, home and anywhere physical work is required.”

* The New York Times Service

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


How to inquire about health card number in Qatar



How to inquire about health card number in Qatar

Qatar Health Card is considered as one of the most important services provided to all Qatari citizens by the Government of Qatar, eager to serve the citizen and provide him with all his basic needs. So, you can now apply for a health card after fulfilling all the necessary conditions on the official website of the “We take care of you” application. This is what we will discuss in this article. Follow us.

Health Card Qatar

There are several ways in which you can apply for a health card in Qatar, as stated by the Government of Qatar through its official website through a few simple steps:

  • First, you need to login to the government website Here.
  • Log in to the national authentication system using your Qatari ID number.
  • Then you need to enter your password.
  • Click on Service to get Qatar Health Card.
  • Enter all the required data from you in the space provided for it and attach all the necessary documents and documents.
  • Finally, click the Send Request icon.

read more: How to check health card validity date in Qatar

Investigation of health card in Qatar

Health Card Qatar

Now that we know about the process of applying for a health card in Qatar, we will now discuss how to inquire about a health card in Qatar to ensure the validity of your health card and enjoy the health care provided. Through the following:

  • You need to login to the official website of my government Here.
  • Click on the Electronic Services tab.
  • Several options will appear. Select the Electronic Health Card Services tab.
  • Click on Health Card Update option.
  • Write all the required data from you in the space provided.
  • Souq will show you all the health card data so you can check the validity of the card.

read more: How to renew health card in Qatar and renewal fees.

Qatar Health Card No

If you want to know your Qatar Health Card number, there are some simple steps you can take through the Hukoomi website. So, here are the steps to verify the card number as follows:

  • Log in to the official Hukoomi website Here.
  • Enter the ID card number in the space provided.
  • Click on the check expiration date icon.
  • After completing the previous steps, click on the Continue icon to display your Qatar Health Card number.

How much does health insurance cost in Qatar?

The cost of health insurance in Qatar is approximately four hundred ninety five Qatari Riyals.

How do I get a health card number?

Qatar Health Card number can be obtained through inquiry service on Hukoomi website.

How do I get a health card in Qatar?

A Qatar Health Card can be obtained by paying a fee of one hundred Qatari Riyals.

Join our channel on Telegram

See also  Study: Cholesterol drug reduces mortality from corona
Continue Reading


Artificial intelligence raises concerns for Britain.. The Guardian: Concerns include the development of biological weapons, terrorist uses and causing havoc. Extinction is science fiction



Artificial intelligence raises concerns for Britain.. The Guardian: Concerns include the development of biological weapons, terrorist uses and causing havoc.  Extinction is science fiction

By: Nihal Abu Al-Saud

Tuesday, September 26, 2023 at 05:00 AM

Concerns about the power of the next generation of controversial artificial intelligence technology are growing in Britain, between its supporters and detractors, from criminals and terrorists using the technology to achieve their goals, to frequent scenes in sci-fi movies. About a machine escaping human control.

The UK is hosting a summit on AI security in November, and British officials are touring the world ahead of the summit.

According to The Guardian, fears are widespread that criminals or terrorists could use artificial intelligence to accomplish their extremist goals and cause mass death, and some around British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak worry that the technology will soon become powerful enough to help. Individuals develop biological weapons that are out of bounds.

“The purpose is to warn against this,” said a person familiar with the summit talks Artificial Intelligence Risks“Downing Street is paying attention at the moment.”

Frontier AI is a term used to refer to models of artificial intelligence that are dangerous enough to endanger human life, the newspaper noted.

Sunak warned months ago about the dangers posed by artificial intelligence and urged the international community to adopt safeguards to prevent its misuse.

Recent developments in artificial intelligence technology have raised fears among officials. Last year, an artificial intelligence tool was able to suggest 40,000 different potentially lethal biomolecules, some of which were similar to VX, in just 6 hours. .

Earlier this year, researchers found that ChatGPT can lie to a human to achieve a specific goal. The AI-powered chatbot convinced a person to solve a “captcha” tool designed to take down online bots after telling them to a human. Visually impaired and needs help accessing the website.

See also  The "isolated" Emirati in Russia ... a scientific achievement made by sacrifice

Government sources fear that a criminal or terrorist could use artificial intelligence to help prepare the components of a biological weapon before sending them to a lab, where they can be mixed and shipped without any human supervision, a risk some believe will soon increase dramatically. , companies are already spending hundreds of millions of pounds. Sterling is looking for more powerful processors to train the next generation of AI tools.

Another concern is the emergence of “artificial general intelligence,” which refers to an artificially intelligent system capable of autonomously performing any task at or above human level—and which could pose an existential threat to humans in years to come.

On the other hand, the existential risk approach to general AI has been criticized by AI experts, who argue that the threat is overstated. Last week, a senior tech executive told US lawmakers that the notion of uncontrollable public AI was… “fiction”.

Several world leaders, including Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and French President Emmanuel Macron, are expected to attend the summit. The UK has invited China to participate.

The British government confirmed that the summit would focus on risks such as the misuse of artificial intelligence to develop biological weapons or electronic attacks, and the emergence of advanced systems that escape human control.

He said in a statement: “There are two areas that the summit will focus on in particular: the risks of misuse, for example when new AI capabilities help a bad actor in biological or cyber attacks, and the risks of losing control. The risks may arise from the advanced systems we want to “counter it”.

See also  The second person in the world can be infected with HIV without medical intervention

Sunak warned months ago about the dangers posed by artificial intelligence and urged the international community to adopt safeguards to prevent its misuse.

Downing Street is reportedly spending £100m on a new artificial intelligence team. The United Kingdom to evaluate them before using them more widely. .

A Downing Street spokesman said AI has “huge potential to transform every aspect of life and the Frontier AI Taskforce has been established to ensure technology is developed safely and responsibly”. Potential risks.

Continue Reading


Finding the genetic causes of a rare cancer affecting the kidney



Finding the genetic causes of a rare cancer affecting the kidney

An international team led by researchers at the British Wellcome Sanger Institute has revealed a new drug target that could act as an alternative treatment for kidney cancer if doctors don’t recommend surgery. According to the results of a study published in the journal Nature Communications (Monday), this rare cancerous form of kidney tumor is called Renin tumor, and its complete genetic code has been understood for the first time.

Reninoma is one of the rarest cancers in humans, with only about 100 cases reported worldwide. Although it can usually be treated with surgery, it can cause severe high blood pressure and develop into malignant tumors that can spread.

There are still no medical treatments for kidney tumors, as treatment management only involves surgery. Before the results of the latest study came out, it was not known what genetic error caused these types of tumors.

Reninoma is one of the rarest cancerous tumors in humans (Public Domain).

According to the study’s co-principal investigator, Dr. Sam Bagadi, Wellcome Senior Research Fellow at the Wellcome Sanger Institute: “The significance of our results is that we have succeeded in discovering the essence of this type of tumor. Based on the fact that it is so rare, there have been no previous studies on it.

He added to Asharq Al-Awsat: “Not only have we been able to understand the genetic code of a kidney tumor, but we have also shown that drugs can counteract what triggers it, and this may be important for patients whose tumors cannot be removed. through surgery.”

Researchers have identified a specific error in the genetic code of a known cancer gene called NOTCH1, which is behind the development of this rare cancer.

See also  Scientists are demonstrating the ability of piper in black pepper to control "Govit-19"

“This is the first time we have identified the causes of kidney tumors, and we believe our work will continue to pave the way for new treatments,” said lead study author Taryn Trescher at the Wellcome Sanger Institute.

The team has already studied two cancer samples, one from a young adult and the other from a child, using advanced genetic techniques. Their findings suggest that existing drugs that actually target this gene could be used as a potential solution for treating kidney tumors in patients for whom surgery is not a viable option.

Dr Tansina Chowdhury, lead researcher on the study at Great Ormond Street Hospital in the UK, explained: “Rare forms of kidney cancer known as renal tumors do not respond to traditional anti-cancer treatments. “Currently the only known treatment is surgery.” She added: “There is a specific, well-known gene that drives this rare cancer. Our study shows that the studied gene has “If we use drugs that are already known to affect this gene, we can deal with it without the need for invasive medical technology like surgery.”

Here Bahjati said: “Rare cancers are a huge challenge for research and analysis. Patients with other types of tumors may not benefit from them. “But here is a powerful example of cutting-edge science that is changing our understanding of an extremely rare type of tumor: a discovery that could have immediate clinical benefits for patients.” He added: “We will continue to study these extremely rare tumors to understand their genetic code, which we hope will reveal more new therapeutic approaches.”

See also  The "isolated" Emirati in Russia ... a scientific achievement made by sacrifice
Continue Reading


Copyright © 2023