The US space agency “NASA” has revealed the secrets of the rock samples collected “diligently” from Mars.
NASA announced Friday that the first rocks to be collected by diligence were the “sustainable, habitable environment” of the Xero gorge at one time.
The news comes in the wake of the rover’s successful voyage to collect two rock samples earlier this week: Montenegro and Montagnok.
The main specimens contain a basaltic compound that may have formed from ancient volcanic mats and can provide a chronology of ancient lake – from its formation to its disappearance.
The level of change that scientists see in the rock that provided the key samples – as well as the rock that the team targeted in its first sample attempt – suggests that groundwater has been around for a long time.
Diligence collected rock samples on September 6 and 8, after which the team analyzed them from a distance of 239 million miles.
“These models are highly valued for future laboratory analysis on Earth,” Mitch Schultz, a NASA headquarters and mission project scientist, said in a statement. “One day, we will be able to determine the sequence and timing of the environmental conditions it represents. Rock minerals. This will help answer the big picture scientific question of the history and stability of liquid water on Mars.
Groundwater Samples of groundwater that contain salts inside the groundwater flow and replace the original minerals in the rock or when the liquid water evaporates, leaving the salts out.
NASA shared in a statement: “The salt minerals in the first two rock cores may have been trapped in tiny bubbles in ancient Martian water.
Scientists speculate that the groundwater may have originated from water that once flowed into the Jessero or may have moved through the rocks after the lake dried up.
Although it is not clear whether the water that replaced the rocks was tens of thousands or millions of years old, NASA believes that the water was definitely long enough to make the region more receptive to microbial life in the past.
The next possible diligence model site is located 656 feet south of Citta, a mountain range covered with sand dunes, boulders and rock fragments.
Currently, NASA and the European Space Agency are planning to launch two spacecraft that will leave Earth in 2026 and reach Mars in 2028: the first to land a small rover, and the other to carry a full-bodied model tube to a Mars-climbing vehicle – a small rocket.
The rocket will launch the container into orbit around Mars, meaning it will float in space.
At this point, the third and final spacecraft involved in the challenging process will pass the sample container, pick it up and return to Earth.
After a successful re-entry into Earth’s atmosphere, it will land at a military training ground in Utah in 2031, meaning Mars models will not be studied for another 10 years.
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