March 21, 2023

Dubai Week

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The effects of climate change threaten to destroy the economies of poor countries

The effects of climate change threaten to destroy the economies of poor countries

At a time when the United Nations has recorded a sharp increase in the number of people facing starvation due to the effects of climate change, conflicts and epidemics, a report released Monday at the COP26 climate talks in Glasgow warned that 65 countries are most vulnerable. The effects of climate change on the world and Sudan’s intervention will reduce its GDP by 20 percent in 2050 and 64 percent in 2100 if global temperatures rise by 2.9 degrees Celsius.

The study, produced by Christian Aid, said that despite the highly ambitious global warming target of 1.5 degrees Celsius under the Paris Climate Agreement, the GDP of these countries will fall by 13 percent by 2050. And 33 percent by the end of this century.

So far, the average surface temperature of the Earth has increased by 1.1 degrees Celsius compared to the late nineteenth century.

Emergency assistance

The Christian Aid study shows that more than a third of the world’s countries urgently need help to augment their economic downturn and withstand the rising tide of heat waves, droughts, floods and storms caused by severe and deadly global warming.

Eight of the ten worst-affected countries are in Africa and two in South America.

All ten countries will face more than 70 percent damage to their GDP by 2100. Under current climate policies, global warming would be 40 percent if limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Sudan is the country facing the most damage in its GDP, knowing that in September it affected more than 300,000 people by heavy rains and floods.

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Countries discussed in the report Climate negotiations are made up of two main components: the Alliance of Low-Developing Countries and the Small Island Countries.

Smaller island states, in particular, are more prone to storms, which can worsen as sea levels rise.

Food crisis

In this context, the United Nations World Food Program on Monday said that the number of people on the brink of famine in 43 countries has risen to 45 million, and severe hunger is on the rise around the world.

That number increased from 42 million earlier in the year, due to a food security estimate that found an additional three million people starving in Afghanistan, the WFP said.

“Tens of thousands of people are on the brink of the abyss,” project CEO David Beasley said in a statement. Conflicts, climate change and Govt-19 are increasing the number of people suffering from severe hunger.

“Recent data show that more than 45 million people are now on the brink of famine,” he said after a trip to Afghanistan, where the World Food Program is increasing support for about 23 million people.

The UN estimates that the cost of preventing hunger worldwide is now $ 7 billion, up from $ 6.6 billion at the beginning of this year. The plan, he said, warned that traditional financial sources were ineffective.

He noted that families facing severe food insecurity are forced to make “disastrous choices” such as marrying off children early, taking them out of school or feeding them to locusts, wild leaves or cactus.